Happy international Nurses Day | UPSC

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Happy international Nurses Day

      HEADLINES:

International Nurses Day observed

      WHY IN NEWS:

“Without nurses and other health workers, we will not win the battle against epidemic outbreaks”: Dr. Harsh Vardhan

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases:WHO

      CONTEXT: 

INTERNATIONAL NURSES DAY:

  • On the occasion of the International Nurses Day, which also marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale.
  • This year is also significant as World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it as the ‘Year of the Nurse and the Midwife’.

The theme for this year is” Nursing the World to Health”.

NURSING AND HEALTHCARE:

  • Historically, as well as today, nurses are at the forefront of fighting epidemics and pandemics –  providing high quality and respectful treatment and care.
  • They are often the first and sometimes the only health professional that people see and the quality of their initial assessment, care and treatment is vital.
  • Nurses account for more than half of all the world’s health workers, yet there is an urgent shortage of nurses worldwide with 5.9 million more nurses still needed, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
  • The Covid-19 pandemic is a stark reminder of the vital role nurses play.
  • Without nurses and other health workers, we will not win the battle against outbreaks, we will not achieve the Sustainable Development Goals or universal health coverage.

HOW CONDITION OF NURSES CAN BE IMPROVED?

WHO MANDATE : 

  • The occupational safety and health of nurses and all health workers, including notably,
  • Unhindered access to personal protective equipment so they can safely provide care and reduce infections in health care settings.
  • Nurses and all health care workers have access to mental health support, timely pay, sick leave and insurance;
  • Most up-to-date knowledge and guidance required to respond to all health needs, including outbreaks.
  • Nurses are given the financial support and other resources required to help respond to and control COVID-19 and future outbreaks.
  • In this year of the Nurse and the Midwife, now more than ever, it is essential that governments support and invest in their nurses.
  • COVID19 reinforces the need for investment in nursing jobs, education, leadership.

In April, WHO and partners launched the first ever State of the Worlds’ Nursing Report, which provides a snapshot of the global nursing workforce as well as highlights the scale of the challenge we face and provides feasible policies for governments  to invest in nursing so that Health for All can become a reality.

PROTECTION TO HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN INDIA:

  • Commission or abetment of such acts of violence shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of three months to five years, and with fine of Rs. 50,000/- to Rs.2,00,000/-.
  • In case of causing grievous hurt, imprisonment shall be for a term six months to seven years and with fine of Rs.1,00,000/- to Rs.5,00,000/-.
  • In addition, the offender shall also be liable to pay compensation to the victim and twice the fair market value for damage of property.
  • Additionally, the Government has also approved ‘Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package: Insurance Scheme for Health Workers Fighting COVID-19’ to provide an insurance cover of Rs. 50 lakh for ninety (90) days to a total of around 22.12 lakh public healthcare providers, including community health workers, who may have to be in direct contact and care of COVID-19 patients and who may be at risk of being impacted by this.
  • It will also include accidental loss of life on account of contacting COVID-19.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

By developing their nursing workforces, countries can achieve the triple impact of improving health, promoting gender equality and supporting economic growth.

Strengthening nursing will have the additional benefits of promoting gender equity (SDG5), contributing to economic development (SDG8) and supporting other Sustainable Development Goals.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

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