How India exits Lockdown | UPSC

How India exits Lockdown UPSC

 India exits Lockdown | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

COVID-19: 11 big questions as India exits lockdown

      WHY IN NEWS:

How did the country use the time off to prepare for the road that lies ahead

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases:India exits lockdown

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS these are several questions over which ambiguity prevail in masses . Let us dive in to find answers !

      ISSUE: 

  Several questions over how equipped healthcare systems became to fight the virus during the lockdown.

At least 10,000 new novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases are expected to be reported every day, something widely accepted among experts within the government Photo: McKay Savage / Flickr

At least 10,000 new novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases are expected to be reported every day, something widely accepted among experts within the government Photo: McKay Savage / Flickr At least 10,000 new novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases are expected to be reported every day, something widely accepted among experts within the government

1. IS THERE COMMUNITY TRANSMISSION OF COVID-19 IN INDIA?

  • India is the only country that claims there are a ‘cluster of cases’.
  • Experts opinion from government — ” community transmission in the country existed“.
  • A report on this is expected to be released by the end of this week.

2. WHAT IS SERO-SURVEILLANCE STUDY ?

  Serosurveillance provides estimates of antibody levels against infectious diseases and is considered the gold standard for measuring population immunity due to past infection or vaccination.

  • It is an important component of disease surveillance.
  • It also complements notification, hospitalisation, mortality and immunisation coverage data.
  •  The sero-surveillance study in India was supposed to begin early April.

3. WHAT IS THE FULL EXTENT OF THE GOVT’S MODELLING STUDIES?

  • The Centre last month presented three modelling studies to claim it averted several more cases and thousands of deaths by imposing the lockdown.
  • The full-length studies with their methodologies have not been released to the public.
  • There is, thus, no data available to dissect claims made by the Centre.

4. WHEN WILL INDIA’S CASE COUNT PEAK?

  • It has not yet officially said when the number of cases in the country will reach a peak.
  • Scientists of the ICMR said the country was “still far away from the peak”.

Such statements tend to create confusion, as without reaching a peak, the curve of cases does not bend.

5. WHAT HAS BEEN ADDED TO THE HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE?

  •  Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, said there were 2.81 lakh beds dedicated for COVID-19 patients, 1.1 lakh oxygen masks and 31,250 ICU beds.
  • The ministry never released a state-wise breakup of these numbers.
  • Releasing such figures can be a step towards transparency .
  • Contrastingly US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): For every state, the page displays a breakup of the number of ICU and isolation beds available and the number occupied, in each state.

6. HOW EQUIPPED ARE THE HEALTHCARE WORKERS?

  • Several reports have emerged on healthcare workers (HCWs) being infected by the virus.
  • This included security guards posted at the institute as well.
  • The Centre has maintained a limiting response, saying only a ‘miniscule’ were reportedly infected.

7. WHAT IS INDIA’S R0 NUMBER?

  There is also no clarity on India’s reproductive number (number of individuals who can be infected by one individual).

  • According to his last estimates, the number stood at 1.22 between May 29 and June 4.
  • For any disease outbreak to ebb, this number should be less than one.

8. WHAT ABOUT OTHER PATIENTS?

  • There has been no assessment on repurposing beds in hospitals and shutting down OPDs for patients other than that of COVID-19.

  Patients were denied facilities such as dialysis, chemotherapy, anti-retroviral therapies and TB therapeutics, etc.

9. HOW BADLY HAS VACCINATION BEEN HIT?

  • India’s vaccination drive hit to a grinding halt during the early phases of lockdown.
  • As many as 80 million children may have been hit globally due to disruptions in routine immunisation programmes- Unicef.

10. HOW MUCH WILL REVERSE MIGRATION HURT?

   In Bihar, a 14-day quarantine is mandatory, while in UP, it is not.

  • The Centre has left this for the states to deal with.
  • It is also not known how states plan to provide migrants employment .
  • On the one hand and stop the infection from spreading on the other.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

11. PLAN WHEN INDIA EXITS LOCKDOWN?

  • The curve of cases has been steadily on the rise, as the country plans to ‘unlock’.
  • In a couple of days from now, at least 10,000 new cases are expected to be reported every day.
  • Any change in strategy could include ramping up testing, changing treatment guidelines or a reconsideration of ‘unlocking’ the country if healthcare systems become overwhelmed.

If the situation were to worsen tomorrow — the signs of which are clear — how it will deal with this is something that remains unknown.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Articles from GS-3

 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.