How to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccine ?

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 12th Oct 2020

The man who moves a mountain begins by carrying away small stones. – Confucius

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #184 :“ How to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccine ?

How to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccine ? How to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccine ?

Muhammad Yunus and José Ramos-Horta
How to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccine ?

Muhammad Yunus and José Ramos-Horta are Nobel Peace Laureates

      HEADLINES:

Vaccines with a global common good guarantee

      CENTRAL THEME:

The post-COVID-19 world has to be one that shares the anti-virus therapeutics and the vaccines with the poor

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Health : Disease

      MAINS QUESTION:

An effective vaccine cannot be truly effective and humane until all communities are reached without discrimination. Substantiate -(GS 3)

      LEARNING: 

  • Measuring the cost
  • Effective Vaccine
  • A message for rich

      INTRODUCTION: 

  • GRIP OF PANDEMIC : We are in the grip of a historic pandemic ; the novel coronavirus, which causes COVID-19, is threatening the whole of the human family.
  • DISEASE DO NOT DISCRIMINATE : COVID-19 does not discriminate. Across the globe, outbreaks of COVID-19 continue to claim thousands of lives.

      BODY: 

MEASURES WITH HUGE COSTS

  • COST OF STOPPING A PANDEMIC : While effective, the economic, emotional and societal costs of trying to stop the virus through lockdowns and social distancing are enormous and unprecedented.
  • ECONOMIES ON HALT : Countries are haemorrhaging cash in efforts to ease the economic standstill created by COVID-19.
  • INFLATION BOOM : And as the costs rise, the patience of their populations is waning from fear, uncertainty, and economic collapse.

The remedy for all: a vaccine as a global common good.

  • EFFECTIVE OPTIONS : Although vaccine development for COVID-19 is proceeding at historic speed, we do not have an effective option as yet.
  • PROMISING CANDIDATES : Remarkably , there are many promising candidates already, several of which are entering the essential phase3 clinical trials.
  • BLIND RISK : Companies are willing to risk pre-financing production, and governments in turn are already committing billions of dollars towards the purchase of vaccine .
  • THERAPEUTICS MEDICINES RACE : Right behind the race for the vaccine is the other race — the one to develop proven therapeutics (medicines) that can ease the burden on those struck by COVID-19.

WHAT AN EFFECTIVE VACCINE IS

  • COST FACTOR : Being more cost effective than medicine, vaccines provide a method of prevention.
  • EFFECTIVE PROTECTION : They offer protection from infection in the first place, disrupting chains of transmission and saving individuals from hospitalisation or death.

An effective vaccine is part of a more lasting solution.The allure of that security is immense.

  • ECONOMIC RETRIEVAL : It means buying not only health but also enabling economic recovery and freedom itself in many ways.

POST-COVID-19 WORLD

  • INCOME INEQUALITIES : A rich world that is protected, locking out the vast and potentially infectious populations of the poor countries can be seen.
  • THERAPEUTICS MEDICINES : Or will it be one that shares the therapeutics and the vaccines with the poor.

The successful eradication of major diseases such as smallpox or polio required a global effort and the availability of vaccines to all who needed it anywhere in the world.

  • WORTHY LEADERSHIP : We need this sort of leadership — a leadership which will guide us away from incredible profits to humanity’s survival.
  • MANUFACTURERS BURDEN : This will also lay stress on the need for the open source production of vaccine without any commercial ownership of any COVID-19 vaccine.

      IASbhai Windup: 

A MESSAGE FOR THE RICH

  • ACT OF HUMAN SOLIDARITY : For the rich world ; they must ensure that medicines and vaccines get to the whole human family simultaneously, is really in their own self-interest; not just an act of charity.

Surely, nobody will want the virus persisting in many parts of the poor world ready to re-infect the rich world and create new surges again .

  • GLOBAL COMMON GOOD : Already, many Nobel Laureates and global personalities have signed on to an Appeal to Declare the COVID 19 Vaccines as a Global Common Good .
  • NEED OF THE HOUR : All the countries of the world should unite to pass a resolution at the United Nations to make novel coronavirus vaccines as a product without any commercial ownership.
SUGGESTED READING : Global Common Good
       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | How to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccine ? 

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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