India-Bangladesh Relations 2020 | UPSC

Spread the love

IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 20th Oct 2020

It’s not about perfect. It’s about effort. And when you bring that effort every single day, that’s where transformation happens. That’s how change occurs.– Jillian Michaels

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #197 :“India-Bangladesh Relations 2020 | UPSC

India-Bangladesh Relations [2020] | UPSC

C Raja Mohan
India-Bangladesh Relations 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Bangladesh’s rise is an opportunity for India, but is overshadowed by negative domestic politics

      CENTRAL THEME:

In using Dhaka’s impressive economic performance to attack Delhi’s, India is missing the bigger story about the strategic consequences of Bangladesh’s economic rise.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : International Relations

      MAINS QUESTION:

What are the strategic consequences of Bangladesh’s economic rise. Critically analyse the changing dynamics of Indo-Pacific region -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • Bangladesh Economic Model
  • Changing Geo-Politics
  • The Economic Uprising
  • Reinforcing Ties

      INTRODUCTION: 

The positive dynamic surrounding the bilateral relationship unfortunately, acquired a negative tone in India midst the Citizenship Amendment Act.

  • THE IMF REPORT : The International Monetary Fund’s latest World Economic Outlook published last week has triggered much outrage in India.
  • THE STIMULATION : The provocation was the IMF’s prediction that Bangladesh’s per capita GDP will overtake that of India this year.

BANGLADESH MODEL

Rest of the subcontinent and developing countries around the world can learn much from Dhaka’s experience — the so-called “Bangladesh model”.

  • UNEQUAL RELATIONS : Bangladesh is an important supplier of textiles to America and European nations like Germany.
  • INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT : The government has ambitious plans to develop the country further. These include major infrastructure projects such as the construction of a new bridge over the Ganges River.
  • LOOKING BEYOND MANUFACTURING : Bangladesh is quickly moving to a high-value, knowledge-intensive society, beyond apparel manufacturing.

      BODY: 

  • SUSTAINED ECONOMIC GROWTH : First, rapid and sustained economic growth in Bangladesh has begun to alter the world’s mental maps of the subcontinent.
  • DEMOGRAPHICAL EXTENT : Bangladesh was never really small; its population today stands at about 160 million. It is demographically the eighth-largest nation in the world.

Bangladesh’s GDP is expected to reach about $320 billion; the IMF did not have the 2020 numbers from Pakistan to report but in 2019, Pakistan’s economy was at $275 billion.

  • A DECADE AGO : Pakistan’s economy was $60 billion larger than Bangladesh. Today, Bangladesh’s weight is bigger than Pakistan by the same margin.
  • CURRENCY STRENGTH METER : A US dollar today gets you 85 Bangladeshi taka and 162 Pakistani rupees.

IMF suggests that Pakistan’s economy will contract further this year.

  • THE TREND LINE : It is unlikely to change in the near future — for Bangladesh has controlled its population growth and Pakistan has not. Dhaka has a grip over its inflation and Islamabad does not.
  • NEGATIVE GEOPOLITICS : There is no question that Pakistan’s negative geopolitical weight in the world will endure, thanks to its muscular foreign policies driven by the army.
  • ATOMIC ARSENAL COMPARISON : Bangladesh does not have an atomic arsenal like Pakistan nor does it weaponise violent religious extremism.

THE ECONOMIC UPRISING

  • GROWING ECONOMIC MUSCLE : Its growing economic muscle will help Dhaka steadily accumulate geopolitical salience in the years ahead.
  • REGIONAL BLENDING : Bangladesh’s economic growth can accelerate regional integration in the eastern subcontinent.
  • COLLECTIVE ECONOMIC ADVANCE : Pakistan’s opposition to economic cooperation with India and its support for cross-border terror, the main regional forum for the subcontinent, the SAARC is in a coma.
  • PROMOTING REGIONALISM : Instead of merely praying for the revival of SAARC, Delhi could usefully focus on promoting regionalism among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal.
  • INACTIVE FORUM : The BBIN sub-regional forum — involving the four, activated in the middle of last decade — has not advanced fast enough.
  • THOUSAND POSSIBILITIES : It is time for Delhi and Dhaka to take a fresh look at the forum and find ways to widen the scope and pace of BBIN activity.
  • UNDER THE SPOTLIGHT :  The economic success of Bangladesh is drawing attention from a range of countries in East Asia, including China, Japan, South Korea, and Singapore.
  • WIDENING POSSIBILITIES : The US, which traditionally focused on India and Pakistan, has woken up to the possibilities in Bangladesh.

EXAMPLE
The US Deputy Secretary of State, Stephen Biegun, travelled last week from Delhi to Dhaka rather than Rawalpindi, says something about Washington’s changing South Asian perspective.

  • NEW GEOPOLITICS IN INDO-PACIFIC : The great power wooing of Dhaka is bound to intensify in the new geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific.

The rise of Bangladesh could boost India’s national plans to accelerate the development of its eastern and northeastern states.

  • HUGE BOOST : Bangladesh’s economy is now one-and-a-half times as large as that of West Bengal; better integration between the two would provide a huge boost for eastern India.
  • CONNECTIVITY : So would connectivity between India’s landlocked Northeast and Bangladesh.

      IASbhai Windup: 

REINFORCING TIES

  • ECONOMIC TIES : Undoubtedly, there has been some progress in strengthening economic ties and connectivity between eastern India and Bangladesh in recent years.

But so much more is possible — those prospects are overshadowed by negative politics in India.

  • STRONG RESISTANCE : This sentiment was reciprocated by the Sharif brothers in Lahore, but crushed by Rawalpindi’s strong resistance.
  • POLITICAL ZEAL : In the east, Delhi and Dhaka are eager to promote greater cooperation; but there has been little political enthusiasm in Kolkata.
  • MIGRATION AND REFUGEE : In Assam, the issue of migration continues to impose major political constraints.
  • DIPLOMACY ISSUES : The very positive dynamic surrounding the bilateral relationship unfortunately, acquired a negative tone amidst the poisonous rhetoric in India around the Citizenship Amendment Act.
  • COURSE CORRECTIONS : There is much room for course correction in Delhi and to shift the focus from legacy issues to future possibilities.

India  needs to consolidate the golden chapter in India-Bangla relations by jointly developing and pursuing with Dhaka an ambitious framework for shared prosperity. 

       SOURCES:    IE  | India-Bangladesh Relations 2020 | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.