India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 14th Nov 2020

“Your imagination is your preview of life’s coming attractions.” – Albert Einstein

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #241 :“India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

Rajiv Bhatia
India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

Rajiv Bhatia, a former Ambassador, is Distinguished Fellow, Gateway House.He also served as Consul General in Toronto from 1994 to 1998

      HEADLINES:

Countdown to greater India-Canada convergence

      CENTRAL THEME:

The third edition of the Track 1.5 Dialogue is an opportunity to begin progress in new areas of interest

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      MAINS QUESTION:

India-Canada relations have bounced back with supreme diplomatic efforts on both the sides in the recent past. Discuss -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • A shared vision
  • Many strong points
  • Track 1.5 Dialogues
  • Think tank as pivot
  • China-Canada Ties

      INTRODUCTION: 

A SHARED VISION

  • ETHNIC-INCLUSIVENESS : India-Canada share a strategic partnership underpinned by shared values of democracy and pluralism.

On November 17, the third round of India-Canada Track 1.5 Dialogue, comprising senior diplomats, officials and independent experts on a virtual platform.

  • CROSS CULTURAL TIES : India-Canada relations have been aided by heightened economic engagement, regular high level interactions and long-standing people-to-people ties.

      BODY: 

MANY STRONG POINTS

The other major focal point will be the economic and technological cooperation between the two countries.

TRADE AND INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS

Trade and investment agreements involving Canada and the India:

  • World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)
  • Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
  • Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT)
  • General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  • World Trade Organization Information Technology Agreement (ITA)

India is Canada’s 9th largest export market, and 10th largest trading partner overall.

  • MAJOR ITEMS OF INDIAN EXPORTS : Include gems, jewellary and precious stones, pharmaceutical products, readymade garments, textiles, organic chemicals, light engineering goods, iron & steel articles, etc.
  • MAJOR IMPORTS FROM CANADA : Include pulses, newsprint, wood pulp, asbestos, potash, iron scrap, copper, minerals and industrial chemicals, etc.

India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

SOURCES : www.international.gc.ca

  • IC-IMPACTS : The India-Canada Centre for Innovative Multidisciplinary Partnerships to Accelerate Community Transformation and Sustainability (IC-IMPACTS) , is a Canada-India Research Centre of Excellence dedicated to the development of research collaborations.

MULTILATERAL PARTNERSHIPS

To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and India work closely in multilateral fora, such as:

  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • Pacific Alliance
  • United Nations (UN)
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • World Trade Organization (WTO)

Foreign policy observers highlight the importance of recent positive trends, as below: Canada-India merchandise trade exceeded C$10 billion in 2019.

  • INVESTMENT POURED : Canada’s cumulative investment, including foreign direct investment and by Canadian pension funds, is a substantive C$55 billion, according to diplomatic sources.

India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

SOURCES : www.international.gc.ca

  • SPACE CO-OPERATION : ANTRIX, the Commercial arm of ISRO, has launched nine nanosatellite under a commercial arrangement with University of Toronto.
  • ACADEMIC MIGRATIONIndian students are increasingly being educated in Canada. The academic migration lays a solid contribution to the Canadian economy.
  • IMMIGRATION : Of 330,000 new immigrants accepted by Canada last year, 85,000 i.e. nearly 25%, were from India.
  • STRONGEST INDIAN DIASPORA : The Indian diaspora in Canada is now 1.6 million-strong, representing over 4% of the country’s total population.

Like their brethren to the south, they are increasingly mainstreamed in Canadian politics. 

  • THE BEDROCK PRINCIPLES : The principal areas of bilateral cooperation are best defined by five Es: Economy, Energy, Education, Entertainment and Empowerment of women.
  • DIGITAL INVESTMENT : In particular, the digital domain holds immense potential, given Canada’s proven assets in technology — especially its large investment in Artificial Intelligence, innovation and capital resources.
  • INDIA’S STRONG IT SECTOR : India’s IT achievements, expanding digital payment architecture and policy modernisation can sail a long way with Canada.

TRACK 1.5 DIALOGUE

  • AGENDA OF TRACK 1.5 DIALOGUE : The Ministers will deliberate on and define the role of India and Canada in the post-COVID-19 world.

Track 1.5 dialogues are conversations and deliberations that include a mix of government officials—who participate in an unofficial capacity, all sitting around the same table.
 

  • PANEL DISCUSSION : This will be followed by a round table of scholars and experts who will go into various facets of the strategic partnership linking the two countries.
  • KEY FOCUS AREAS : The new geo-economics of the Indo-Pacific and digital cooperation, particularly in the areas of fintech and artificial intelligence will be the focus.
  • PROMISING INTERACTION : It deliberates endeavour to boost the bilateral relationship, helping it to cope with challenges of the third decade of the 21st century.
  • PREVIOUS SETBACKS : The two states have progressed in just two years from  differences over the Khalistan issue that surfaced in February 2018.
  • MATURE DIPLOMACY : This dialogue creates a template for a judicious merger of government to government (G2G) diplomacy and the maturing role of think tanks in the conduct of foreign policy today.

THINK TANKS AS THE PIVOT

  • BACKGROUND : The 1.5 Track Dialogue has been piloted since February 2018 by two think tanks — Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations and Canada’s Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI).

Their deep three-year-long collaboration focused on the immediate opportunities available in investment, technology and geopolitical rearrangements.

  • LARGER GEOPOLITICAL SHIFTS : The new government in Ottawa preferred to be more cautious on sensitive bilateral issues, and more receptive to New Delhi.

Ministry of external affairs visit to Canada in December 2019 initiated a new phase, consolidating mutual understanding.

      IASbhai Windup: 

TENSIONS IN CHINA-CANADA TIES

  • HOSTAGE DIPLOMACY : The ‘hostage diplomacy’ practised by Beijing which arrested two Canadian nationals, has caused huge stress in Canada-China relations, turning Canadian public opinion against China.

This opened the door to a closer relationship with India, with Canadian sympathy for India’s summer of troubles with China’s aggressive intrusions since April 2020.

  • INDO-PACIFIC DEVELOPMENTS : Escalating discontent against Beijing’s aggressive behaviour, strengthening of the Quad and the growing interest of France to be active players in the region — are of immense relevance to Ottawa.
  • INDIA CANADA CONVERGENCE : The forthcoming dialogue can deepen the India-Canada convergence on this issue.

Divided by geographical distance but united through clear common interests and shared values, India and Canada will begin their steady journey of progress, this time with a laser-like focus on common goals as well.

SUGGESTED READING : INDIA-BANGLADESH RELATIONS 
       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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