IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 1st July 2020
“Happiness is a butterfly, which when pursued, is always beyond your grasp, but which, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you.” –Nathaniel Hawthorne
EDITORIAL HUNT 99 :“India China at McMahon Line | UPSC“
R. Sudarshan is Dean of the School of Government and Public Policy, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana.
In ending stand-off, magnanimity must prevail
India’s border dispute with China calls for peaceful resolution, and has no place for moral outrage or military might
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: IR
Border Issues can be resolved peacefully with table diplomacy.War is not the solution for McMahon Line. Discuss -(GS 2)
- Concept of Soft Power
- Best Trade Practises
- How Should India Move a head
- In Shanghai just five years ago, in 2015 , Both the Leaders met at Buddhist monk, Xuanzang.
- This was symbolic-in terms of aatmiata (soulful intimacy), nikatata (closeness) and bhaichaara (solidarity).
KEEP A COOL HEAD
- BORDER CLASHES : These deaths on the frontier are a tragic break in an admirable record of avoiding casualties on both sides, despite face-offs on numerous occasions.
- PEACEFUL DEMARCATION : Both sides have accepted that the border between the two countries must be settled by agreement for the sake of peace.
- PENDING FINAL SETTLEMENT : India and China signed the Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas, in 1993.
- Agreement on Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas, signed in 1996 contains a specific clause related to the use of firearms by both sides:
This prohibition shall not apply to routine firing activities in small arms firing ranges.
- Apparently, this provision was respected by both sides during the clash on June 15.
- Tragically, they fought much more barbarically, with nail-studded sticks, knives and stones, causing inhuman suffering.
- This incident threatens unofficial partition of territories that has stood the good test of time:
- Aksai Chin is claimed by India, but China, de facto, rules;
- China claims Arunachal Pradesh, but India, constitutionally, rules.
No war has permanent winners.No losers can willingly accept defeat.
- FIRST ATTEMPT : During his visit to India in April 1960, China’s Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai made a proposal to settle the boundary dispute.
- SINO INDIA WAR : History must record that as a lost opportunity which has had tragic consequences.
- CHINA FLEXED MUSCLES : It refused to recognise the authority of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), established under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
- VIOLATING UNCLOS AT SEA : It ruled that China had breached its obligations under the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea and Article 94 of UNCLOS concerning maritime safety, and that China violated international obligations.
WEIGHING IN ON THE OPTIONS
What must matter to India is whatever is good for its people.
- MILITARY STRENGTH : Focusing on strengthening military might, when the economy is suffering and COVID-19 is taking its toll, will not be wise.
- BOYCOTT : Nor is it wise to call for a boycott of Chinese imports.
- SANCTIONS DO NOT WORK : Sanctions and boycotts are justifiable only when there is strong moral justification.
- RESOLUTION : But India’s border dispute with China calls for peaceful resolution, not moral outrage.
- BOYCOTTING GOODS : If India boycotts goods from China, it will hurt itself more and barely make a dent in China’s economic prospects.
- WORLD PHARMA : India is lauded as the pharmacy of the world because it is able to import essential raw materials from China.
- EXPORTS : India’s sports goods exports are likewise dependent on imports from China.
- The world buys Chinese goods because their quality and price are compelling.
THE HOME WATCH
- OSTRACISM : India must be on guard, in the aftermath of current tensions with China, not to unleash any kind of hostility against anyone, especially resident Chinese nationals.
- SHREWD DIPLOMACY : That warm and gushing expressions of friendship towards China will not stop hostilities; only pragmatic and shrewd diplomacy can do that.
- Oscillating to the opposite end and attacking China as the enemy is not wise.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL | India China at McMahon Line | UPSC