India VNR 2020 Report | UPSC
NITI Aayog presents India’s second Voluntary National Review at UN’s High-Level Political Forum
WHY IN NEWS:
Release of Report: Decade of Action: Taking SDGs From Global to Local”
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Reports
For PRELIMS it is important to understand the report and its aim ! Well do not go with the number but take a look at significance of VNR report .
For MAINS ponder your thoughts on how SDG can be covered more efficiently before 2030 .
Decade of Action
- NITI Aayog prepared and presented India’s first VNR in 2017.
- This report published today is second one.
- NITI Aayog engaged with sub-national and local governments, civil society organizations, local communities, people in vulnerable situations and the private sector.
DECADE OF ACTION: TAKING SDGS FROM GLOBAL TO LOCAL
- The report is a comprehensive account of the adoption and implementation of the 2030 Agenda in India.
- Apart from presenting a review of progress on the 17 SDGs
- The report has rich body of data, knowledge and analysis that emanates community-centric consultations.
From Global to Local -key steps of localisation of SDGs in India
- The chapter presents a summary of the key concerns and the recommendations voiced by various stakeholders .
- The segment on business integration highlights the important role which businesses and the private sector are envisaged to have in the decade of action.
- Leveraging science, technology and innovation for SDGs, and costing and financing of SDGs are the two levers of strengthening means of implementation which have been introduced this year.
- The goal-wise account of progress on the SDGs has been appended with examples of success stories of interventions from the States, especially Aspirational Districts.
- The India VNR 2020 represents NITI Aayog’s efforts in embodying the whole-of-society approach and its commitment towards localisation of the Sustainable Development Goals.
- HLPF this year, which is being hosted virtually in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, 47 Member States are set to present their VNRs between 10th-16th July 2020.
- The VNRs presented by Member States at the HLPF are a critical component of the review of progress and implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs.
- The reviews are voluntary and state-led and are aimed at facilitating the sharing of experiences, including successes, challenges and lessons learned.
- The process of preparation of a country’s VNR provides a platform for partnerships among relevant stakeholders.
INDIA VNR 2020
- India presented its VNR along with other second time presenters like Bangladesh, Georgia, Kenya, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria and Uganda.
- The presentation also included a short film which encapsulated the aspects and major progress areas on the SDGs.
India has achieved remarkable progress in reducing multidimensional poverty, providing food safety, ensuring education for all, universalising access to electricity, clean cooking fuel and sanitation, while also operationalising the world’s largest health insurance programme by covering 500 million citizens.