International Albinism Awareness Day | UPSC

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International Albinism Awareness Day UPSCInternational Albinism Awareness Day | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

International Albinism Awareness Day celebrates those with rare genetic condition

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘Made To Shine’ — the chosen theme for this year’s International Albinism Awareness Day — celebrates the achievements of those who have albinism

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases : UN

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to understand this genetical disorder and its prevalence. Take a note on this years Theme !

For MAINS make some effective notes on the odds people are facing in Albinism .

      ISSUE: 

International Albinism Awareness Day is observed every year on June 13 to highlight the rights of those born with albinism and increase awareness of the genetic condition.  

ALBINISM :

  Albinism — it is a rare disease. It is characterised by a lack of melanin pigment in skin, hair and eyes.

Those with albinism are vulnerable to sun exposure, something that increases chances of skin cancer and severe visual impairment.

OCCURENCE : 

  • Both parents must carry the gene for their child to have the condition.
  • Even though the parents carry the gene, they may not show any physical signs of the condition.
  • So it is a genetical disorder .

International Albinism Awareness Day UPSC IAS

The physical appearance of those with albinism is often conflated with erroneous beliefs and myths influenced by superstition, something that furthers marginalisation and social exclusion, leading to stigma and discrimination Photo: Wallpaper Flare The physical appearance of those with albinism is often conflated with erroneous beliefs and myths influenced by superstition, something that furthers marginalisation and social exclusion, leading to stigma and discrimination 

THEME 

  “Made To Shine” is the theme for this year’s International Albinism Awareness Day. The theme was chosen to celebrate the achievements and successes of persons with albinism worldwide.
 

HEALTH CHALLENGES PEOPLE FACE LIVING WITH ALBINISM

  • CANCER : The lack of melanin means persons with albinism are highly vulnerable to developing skin cancer.
  • FATALITY : In some countries, a majority of persons with albinism die from skin cancer between 30 and 40 years of age.
  • RIGHT TO HEALTH : Skin cancer is highly preventable when persons with albinism enjoy their right to health.This includes access to regular health checks, sunscreen, sunglasses and sun-protective clothing.
  • LESS OPPORTUNITIES : In a significant number of countries, these life-saving means are unavailable or inaccessible to them.
  • VISUAL IMPAIRMENT : Due to a lack of melanin in the skin and eyes, persons with albinism often have permanent visual impairment.
  • DISCRIMINATION : They are often subject to multiple and intersecting discrimination on the grounds of both disability and colour.

In some countries, those with the genetic condition have been stigmatised and accused for spreading COVID-19, something that does not have a basis in scientific fact.

Killings, attacks, bullying and discrimination continue against people with albinism.

AROUND THE WORLD : 

  • One out of every 17,000 people across the world have albinism
  • Africa and Europe have the greatest number of those with albinism.
  • In India, there are around 200,000 who have albinism.

UN RESOLUTION : 

  • In 2013, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution that called for the prevention of discrimination against individuals with albinism.
  • The UN General Assembly proclaimed June 13 to be International Albinism Awareness Day on December 18, 2014, with it being observed for the first time in 2015.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Consequently, in the realm of development measures, persons with albinism have been and are among those “left furthest behind.”
  • This day, hence, serves as a reminder that people with albinism continue to defy odds, overcome hurdles and face injustice with resilience.
     SOURCES:DOWNTOEARTH | International Albinism Awareness Day | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : Important UN Celebrations

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