International Day for Older Persons 2020 | UPSC

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International Day for Older Persons 2020 | UPSC

International Day for Older Persons 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Dr. Harsh Vardhan launches Decade of Healthy Ageing (2020-2030) on International Day for Older Persons 2020.

      WHY IN NEWS:

“Longitudinal Aging Study of India (LASI) will provide evidence base for national and state level programs and policies for elderly population”

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: UN Observances

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS decade of healthy ageing concept is very important .

For MAINS what are the issues mainstreaming related to elderly people . Name few of them . Let us dive in now !

      ISSUE: 

Minister for Health & Family Welfare restated commitment of the Government to healthy ageing on the occasion of International Day for Older Persons.

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR OLDER PERSONS 2020

Every year 1st October is celebrated as the International Day of Older Persons, as declared by United Nations.

AIM

This is to recognize, enable and expand the contributions of older people in their families, communities and societies.

  • The event acknowledges to raise awareness towards issues of ageing.

CELEBRATION

  • The year 2020 marks the 75th Anniversary of the United Nations .
  • This is also 30th Anniversary of the International Day of Older Persons.
  • This year has also seen an emergence of COVID-19, that has caused an upheaval across the world.
  • The higher risks confronted by older persons during the outbreak of pandemics such as COVID-19 is worrying.

Policy and programmatic interventions must be targeted towards raising awareness of their special needs.

  • Recognizing older persons contributions to their own health and the multiple roles they play in the preparedness is important.
  • This year has also been recognised as the “Year of the Nurse and Midwife”.
  • International Day of Older Persons 2020 will highlight the role of the health care workforce in contributing to the health of older persons.

DECADE OF HEALTHY AGEING (2020-2030)

  • LAUNCH : 1st October, 2020 is also the launch year of Decade of Healthy Ageing (2020-2030).
  • AIM : Many activities will be undertaken throughout the year, aimed at mainstreaming issues related to elderly.
  • MECHANISM : This will deliberate upon ways to ensure better and effective delivery of services, making full use of convergence mechanisms.

International Day for Older Persons 2020 | UPSC

  • OPPORTUNITY : This initiative is an opportunity to bring together governments, civil society and all the stakeholders to improve the lives of older people, their families, and the communities in which they live.

The broad aims of the Decade of Healthy Ageing will include evolving convergence within various national health programs.

  • INTER SECTORAL CO-ORDINATION : The programs will also be promoted at an inter-sectoral coordination with other line Departments/Ministries.
  • ENGAGEMENT : Community based organisations,NGOs etc. will also be involved in building a framework for multi-sectoral engagement on healthy aging.
  • DELIBERATION : Discussions/workshops/webinars with experts/academic bodies/professionals will   be organised to bring out a policy.

LASI

  • A programmatic responses to Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI), highlighting the best practices for elder care will be folllowed .

This will also help in exploring effective means of participation of older persons in various aspects of social, cultural, economic and civic and political life.

  • Longitudinal Aging Study of India, the first nationwide study and world’s largest study on older adults .
  • This will provide evidence base for national and state level programs and policies for elderly population.

THEME 2020

The UN theme of the International Day of Older Persons 2020 is “Pandemics: Do They Change How We Address Age and Ageing?

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Inform participants about the strategic objectives for the Decade of Healthy Ageing.
  • Raise awareness of the special health needs of older persons and of their contributions to their own health.

Increase awareness and appreciation of the role of the health care workforce in maintaining and improving the health of older persons.

  • Present proposals for reducing the health disparities between older persons in the developed and developing countries, so as to “Leave no one behind”.
  • Increase understanding of the impact of COVID-19 on older persons and its impact on health care policy, planning, and attitudes.

BACKGROUND

  • On 14 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly designated October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons.
  • This was preceded by initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing.

RESOLUTION

  • In 1991, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons .
  • The composition of the world population has changed dramatically in recent decades.
  • Between 1950 and 2010, life expectancy worldwide rose from 46 to 68 years.
  • Globally, there were 703 million persons aged 65 or over in 2019.

The region of Eastern and South-Eastern Asia was home to the largest number of older persons (261 million).

  • This is followed by Europe and Northern America (over 200 million).
  • Over the next three decades, the number of older persons worldwide is projected to more than double.
  • All regions will see an increase in the size of the older population between 2019 and 2050.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • COVID-19 pandemic has wrought on older persons around the world – not only on their health, but on their rights and well-being.
  • The global strategy is well integrated into the SDGs, while ageing issues cut across the 17 goals.

Especially Goal 3 which aims to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being of all at all ages”.

  • Acting on the strategy, is a means for countries to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development .
  • This will ensure that every human being regardless of age will have an opportunity to fulfill their potential in dignity and equality.

With well-designed and judicious investments, ageing population can help build-up human, social, economic and environmental capital.

     SOURCES: PIB | International Day for Older Persons 2020 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : UN Observance

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