International Day of Peace 2020 | UPSC

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International Day of Peace 2020 | UPSC

International Day of Peace 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

International Day of Peace 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

This year is particularly significant: It is the 20th Anniversary of the UN Resolution on the Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: UN Observances

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go with the aim , resolution and the theme of this celebration .

For MAINS significance is important . You should try to correlate this to answer related to internal security and peace.

      ISSUE: 

COVID-19 has thrown our world into turmoil and forcibly reminded us that what happens in one part of the planet can impact people everywhere.

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE 2020

OVERVIEW

  • Each year the International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21 September.

Rather, our common enemy is a tireless virus that threatens our health, security and very way of life.

  • This year, it has been clearer than ever that we are not each other’s enemies.

AIM

The UN General Assembly has declared this as a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace

  • This is through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire.
  • To mark its 75th anniversary, the UN has invited millions of people worldwide to join UN75.
  • It will be the largest and furthest-reaching global conversation on building the peaceful and prosperous future that we want.

RESOLUTION

53/243 B –  Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace .

THEME

The 2020 theme for the International Day of Peace is “Shaping Peace Together.” 

International Day of Peace 2020 | UPSC

SIGNIFICANCE

  • UN Secretary-General António Guterres called on all warring parties to lay down their weapons and focus on the battle against global pandemic.
  • The message is intended for armed parties, solidarity and cooperation across borders, sectors and generations to come.

For the United Nations, 2020 has already named the year to be a year of listening and learning. 

  • As we struggle to defeat COVID-19, our voice is more important than ever.
  • In these difficult times of physical distancing, this International Day of Peace will be dedicated to fostering dialogue and collecting ideas.

BACKGROUND

  • The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly.

Two decades later, in 2001, the General Assembly unanimously voted to designate the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire.

  • The United Nations invites all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day.
  • Otherwise commemorate the Day through education and public awareness on issues related to peace.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The world will be invited to unite and share thoughts on how to weather this storm, heal our planet and change it for the better.

Even though we may not be able to stand next to each other, we can still dream together.

  • Celebrate the day by spreading compassion, kindness and hope in the face of the pandemic.
  • We all stand together with the UN against attempts to use the virus to promote discrimination or hatred.

UN CELEBRATIONS VIDEOCLICK HERE

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | International Day of Peace 2020

DISCOVER MORE : UN Observance

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