International Day of Rural Women 2020 | UPSC
International Day of Rural Women: It’s time we recognise their lives and livelihood
WHY IN NEWS:
Rural women are active agents of socio-economic change. As we celebrate the day on October 15, there is a need to pull them out of the stereotypical roles of caregiving
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Issues related to Women : UN Observances
For PRELIMS go through resolution , aim and theme of this event.
For MAINS go through significance , barriers and to-do list . Let us dive in !
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF RURAL WOMEN 2020
OVERVIEW : BUILDING RESILIENCE
- They are at the frontline when natural resources and agriculture are threatened.
- In fact, globally, one in three employed women works in agriculture.
- Women also collect biomass fuels, manually process food materials, and pump water.
- Women and girls are disadvantaged in this pandemic, a problem aggravated in rural areas.
- Rural women, with a crucial role in agriculture, food security and nutrition, already face struggles in their daily lives.
The aim is to recognise :
- The critical role and contribution of rural women
- Role of indigenous women
- Women in enhancing agricultural and rural development
- Role of women in improving food security and eradicating rural poverty.
- The theme create awareness of these women’s struggles, their needs, and their critical and key role in our society.
- MOBILIZING : NGOs and grassroots women’s groups to commemorate the Day and celebrate Rural Women Leaders and their communities around the world.
- RAISING AWARENESS : A focus on their needs and rights, highlighting their contributions to sustainable development and peace-building and so much more.
- SENSITIZING : The public at large and lobbying governments on the crucial role rural women play in climate change and to prioritize action for their support.
- ENCOURAGING : Organizing local and national initiatives on the annual Day .
- This day serves as a reminder that a sustainable future is not possible without the involvement of women.
- It is the moral and ethical imperative of the society to support gender equality in this era of unsustainability.
- Rural women must be at the core of all developmental activities.
- It is time to reverse this trend — and to hear their voices loud and clear.
- It would be a missed opportunity to achieve sustainable development goals if a nation does not utilise the knowledge of its rural women.
COVID-19 AND RURAL WOMEN
- Since COVID-19 and their unique health needs in remote areas.
- They are less likely to have access to quality health services, essential medicines, and vaccines.
- Restrictive social norms and gender stereotypes can also limit rural women’s ability to access health services.
- Women’s land tenure security is also threatened as unemployed migrants return to rural communities.
- This is increasing pressure on land and resources and exacerbating gender gaps in agriculture and food security.
- Despite all of that, rural women have been at the front lines of responding to the pandemic even though they are unpaid.
THE INVALUABLE CONTRIBUTION OF RURAL WOMEN
- The crucial role that women and girls play in ensuring the sustainability of rural households and communities.
- Improving rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing, has been increasingly recognized.
- Also they contribute immensely in land and natural resource management, and building climate resilience.
- Even so, women and girls in rural areas suffer disproportionately from multi-dimensional poverty.
- The world’s 1 billion people, who continue to live in unacceptable conditions of poverty, are heavily concentrated in rural areas.
- Poverty rates in rural areas across most regions are higher than those in urban areas.
- Agriculture produces nearly 80% of food in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa and supports the livelihoods of some 2.5 billion people.
- Women farmers may be as productive as their male counterparts but are less able to access land, credit, agricultural inputs and markets.
- Discrimination keeps them away from high-value agrifood chains and obtain lower prices for their crops.
- Political participation in rural households and communities is least.
- Women and girls in rural areas lack equal access to productive resources and assets, public services.
- Rural women are the drivers of developed as well as developing economies.
- Their engagement diversifies family livelihood, and yet, their efforts largely go unappreciated.
RURAL WOMEN : DECISIVE LEADERS
- But structural constraints of gender, negative ideologies, lack of economic assets and a patriarchal society weigh them down.
- They lack access to land, resources, connectivity, education and health, which affects the human development disproportionately.
- While rural women face similar challenges, their vulnerabilities may vary in terms of region or ethnicity.
- The first ever International Day of Rural Women was celebrated more than a decade ago on October 15, 2008.
- Women in the mountains are knowledgeable, independent and acutely aware of their role in the local community.
Women in the mountains are knowledgeable and independent.
- They are at the heart of the production system — they manage agriculture, food security and nutrition and natural resources.
- But the road is not as smooth. Remoteness, isolation and internet connectivity are among the major obstacles.
- They fail to dedicate sufficient efforts to the intensive climate-resilient farming which is extremely time-sensitive.
TO DO LIST
- We need measures to alleviate the care burden and better redistribute it between women and men, and between families .
- We need to advocate for sufficient infrastructure and services (water, health, electricity, etc.) to support women’s productivity.
- Discriminatory gender norms and practices impede women’s exercise of land and property rights in most countries and COVID-19 widows risk disinheritance.
- Gender-responsive investments in rural areas have never been more critical.
Rural women are active agents of socio-economic change and environmental conservation.