Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

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Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) : Lab on wheels!

      WHY IN NEWS:

Haryana Government comes up with an innovative solution for Water testing

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Jal Shakti
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the mobile van and its feature once . We have mentioned the scheme below . It is an important scheme from Ministry of Jal Shakti .

For MAINS go through challenges and SWOT analysis .

      ISSUE: 

Haryana launches State of the Art Mobile Water Testing Laboratory Van

LAB ON WHEELS

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

  • Haryana has come up with a novel approach by launching a State of the Art Mobile Water Testing Laboratory Van.
  • It is fully equipped with multi-parameter system containing analyzers/ sensor/ probes/ instruments meant for water testing.

Water Quality in Haryana is mainly affected by constituents like total dissolved solids (TDS), Fluoride, nitrate, iron and alkalinity.

  • It is GPS enabled for location tracking .
  • The analyzed sample data can be transmitted to a centralized PHED server via GPRS/ 3G connectivity with power backup.
  • It also provides On-site recording and reporting of results through a smart phone.
  • It also has the ability to send results direct to a web based secure central server.
  • This mobile van also has a fully automated sensor-based analysis controlled by centrally commanded software.
  • The LED display unit in the mobile lab gives an instant display of the results immediately after analysis.

JAL JEEVAN MISSION

VISION

Every rural household has drinking water supply in adequate quantity of prescribed quality on regular and long-term basis .

  • Drinking water at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.

MISSION

Jal Jeevan Mission is to assist, empower and facilitate:

  •  States/ UTs in planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on long-term basis to every rural household and public institution.

EXAMPLE
GP building, School, Anganwadi centre, Health centre, wellness centres, etc.

 States/ UTs for creation of water supply infrastructure so that every rural household has Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024.

  • States/UTs for creating water in adequate quantity of prescribed quality is made available on regular basis.
  •  States/ UTs to plan for their drinking water security
  •  GPs/ rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate and maintain their own in-village water supply systems
  •  States/ UTs to develop robust institutions having focus on service delivery and financial sustainability of the sector by promoting utility approach
  •  Capacity building of the stakeholders and create awareness in community on significance of water for improvement in quality of life
  •  In making provision and mobilization of financial assistance to States/ UTs for implementation of the mission.

OBJECTIVES

The broad objectives of the Mission are:

  •  To provide FHTC to every rural household.

To prioritize provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.

  •  To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
  •  To monitor functionality of tap connections.
  •  To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
  •  To assist in ensuring sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure etc.
  •  To empower and develop human resource in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, water treatment, etc.
  •  To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and involvement of stakeholders.

COMPONENTS UNDER JJM

The following components are supported under JJM

  •  Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household
  •  Development of reliable drinking water sources
  • Augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of water supply system

Bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household

  •  Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue
  •  Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at minimum service level of 55 lpcd;
  •  Greywater management
  •  Support activities, i.e. IEC, HRD, training, development of utilities, water quality laboratories, water quality testing & surveillance, R&D etc.
  •  Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC to every household by 2024.

FUNDING PATTERN

  • Total estimated cost of JJM is Rs. 3.60 Lakh Crore.

The fund sharing pattern between Centre and State is 90:10 for Himalayan (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh) and North-Eastern States.

  • It will be 100:0 for UTs .
  • It will be 50:50 for rest of the States.

MONITORING

  • For targeted delivery , every functional tap connection is to be linked with the Aadhar number of the head of the household .
  • Every asset created under JJM will be geo-tagged.

States will carry out inspections by empanelled third party agencies for all infrastructures created under the JJM.

  • GoI will carry out functionality assessment of schemes, based on which fund will be made available to States/ UTs based on their performance.

CHALLENGES AND SWOT ANALYSIS

The challenges faced in the drinking water sector are

  • CHANGING RAINFALL PATTERNS : IMD states that the seasonal rainfall for the country has uneven pattern.
  • WATER QUALITY ISSUES : As per CGWB 2018 data, around 50% assessment units are contaminated with Arsenic, Fluoride, Chlorine, Nitrate and/or Salinity due to both geogenic and anthropogenic causes.

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

  • INADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE : Aging infrastructure; lack of grey water management; absence of source sustainability measures, borewell recharge structures raise the cost of maintenance.
  • LACK OF RESOURCE EFFICIENCY : Lack of responsible consumption, wastage of water, leakages at distribution ,over drawl for agriculture, etc. are prevalent leading inefficient resource utilization.
  • LESS COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT : The approach has been predominantly engineering/construction oriented. This has resulted in limited involvement of communities in design, planning and implementation.
  • COORDINATION CHALLENGES : Multiple Government Departments such as water resources, public health engineering, urban development, groundwater etc. involved in water sector has led to coordination challenges.

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

BACKGROUND

  • The assistance to States for rural water supply began in 1972 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme.
  • It was renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, which is a centrally sponsored scheme.

Under NRDWP, one of the objectives was to “enable all households to have access to and use safe drinking water within premises to the extent possible”.

  • It was proposed to achieve the goal by 2030, coinciding with the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.
  • But now, it is has been planned to achieve the goal by 2024 through Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
  • As on 31.3.2019, only 18.33% of rural households i.e., 3.27 Crore out of the total 17.87 Crore rural households in the country, have piped water connection.-DDWS

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • There are people who would like to contribute and donate voluntarily for water supply in the rural areas.
  • To facilitate this, ‘Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh’ will mobilize and accept donations/ contributions received from various sources to fund JJM.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : SCHEMES

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