Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) | UPSC
Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) : Lab on wheels!
WHY IN NEWS:
Haryana Government comes up with an innovative solution for Water testing
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Scheme
For PRELIMS go through the mobile van and its feature once . We have mentioned the scheme below . It is an important scheme from Ministry of Jal Shakti .
For MAINS go through challenges and SWOT analysis .
LAB ON WHEELS
- Haryana has come up with a novel approach by launching a State of the Art Mobile Water Testing Laboratory Van.
- It is fully equipped with multi-parameter system containing analyzers/ sensor/ probes/ instruments meant for water testing.
- It is GPS enabled for location tracking .
- The analyzed sample data can be transmitted to a centralized PHED server via GPRS/ 3G connectivity with power backup.
- It also provides On-site recording and reporting of results through a smart phone.
- It also has the ability to send results direct to a web based secure central server.
- This mobile van also has a fully automated sensor-based analysis controlled by centrally commanded software.
- The LED display unit in the mobile lab gives an instant display of the results immediately after analysis.
JAL JEEVAN MISSION
- Drinking water at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.
Jal Jeevan Mission is to assist, empower and facilitate:
- States/ UTs in planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on long-term basis to every rural household and public institution.
- States/UTs for creating water in adequate quantity of prescribed quality is made available on regular basis.
- States/ UTs to plan for their drinking water security
- GPs/ rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate and maintain their own in-village water supply systems
- States/ UTs to develop robust institutions having focus on service delivery and financial sustainability of the sector by promoting utility approach
- Capacity building of the stakeholders and create awareness in community on significance of water for improvement in quality of life
- In making provision and mobilization of financial assistance to States/ UTs for implementation of the mission.
The broad objectives of the Mission are:
- To provide FHTC to every rural household.
- To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
- To monitor functionality of tap connections.
- To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
- To assist in ensuring sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure etc.
- To empower and develop human resource in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, water treatment, etc.
- To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and involvement of stakeholders.
COMPONENTS UNDER JJM
The following components are supported under JJM
- Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household
- Development of reliable drinking water sources
- Augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of water supply system
- Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue
- Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at minimum service level of 55 lpcd;
- Greywater management
- Support activities, i.e. IEC, HRD, training, development of utilities, water quality laboratories, water quality testing & surveillance, R&D etc.
- Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC to every household by 2024.
- Total estimated cost of JJM is Rs. 3.60 Lakh Crore.
- It will be 100:0 for UTs .
- It will be 50:50 for rest of the States.
- For targeted delivery , every functional tap connection is to be linked with the Aadhar number of the head of the household .
- Every asset created under JJM will be geo-tagged.
- GoI will carry out functionality assessment of schemes, based on which fund will be made available to States/ UTs based on their performance.
CHALLENGES AND SWOT ANALYSIS
The challenges faced in the drinking water sector are
- CHANGING RAINFALL PATTERNS : IMD states that the seasonal rainfall for the country has uneven pattern.
- WATER QUALITY ISSUES : As per CGWB 2018 data, around 50% assessment units are contaminated with Arsenic, Fluoride, Chlorine, Nitrate and/or Salinity due to both geogenic and anthropogenic causes.
- INADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE : Aging infrastructure; lack of grey water management; absence of source sustainability measures, borewell recharge structures raise the cost of maintenance.
- LACK OF RESOURCE EFFICIENCY : Lack of responsible consumption, wastage of water, leakages at distribution ,over drawl for agriculture, etc. are prevalent leading inefficient resource utilization.
- LESS COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT : The approach has been predominantly engineering/construction oriented. This has resulted in limited involvement of communities in design, planning and implementation.
- COORDINATION CHALLENGES : Multiple Government Departments such as water resources, public health engineering, urban development, groundwater etc. involved in water sector has led to coordination challenges.
- The assistance to States for rural water supply began in 1972 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme.
- It was renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, which is a centrally sponsored scheme.
- It was proposed to achieve the goal by 2030, coinciding with the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.
- But now, it is has been planned to achieve the goal by 2024 through Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
- As on 31.3.2019, only 18.33% of rural households i.e., 3.27 Crore out of the total 17.87 Crore rural households in the country, have piped water connection.-DDWS
- There are people who would like to contribute and donate voluntarily for water supply in the rural areas.
- To facilitate this, ‘Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh’ will mobilize and accept donations/ contributions received from various sources to fund JJM.