Justice Katakey Committee | UPSC

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Justice Katakey Committee UPSC

Justice Katakey Committee | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Assam gas leak

      WHY IN NEWS:

NGT orders OIL to pay Rs 25 cr, forms high-level committee

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Oil Spill : Disaster Management : NDRF : Pollution

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS understand the prime motive behind formation of the committee . That should glide you through Prelims .

For MAINS this is an important issue for the year ! You will need to project this committee in your answers with different aesthetic every time .

      ISSUE: 

An oil-and-gas well, owned by OIL, at Upper Assam’s Baghjan village caught fire on June 9, after leaking for a fortnight  

Baghjan gas leak: An eight-member committee headed by Justice BP Katakey was formed to probe the incident. Photo: Oil India Limited / Twitter

BACKGROUND

  The National Green Tribunal (NGT) June 25, 2020 ordered for a high-level committee to look into the recent blowout at an Oil India Ltd (OIL) well in Baghjan, Assam.

  • It also asked the public sector company to deposit Rs 25 crore for damages caused.
  • The Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and Maguri-Motapung wetland, less than a kilometre away from the site, are both under threat due to accident.

JUSTICE KATAKEY COMMITTEE

  An eight-member committee headed by Justice BP Katakey — a former Gauhati High Court judge who earlier headed an NGT-appointed committee on coal mining in Meghalaya — was formed to probe the incident.

The committee headed by Justice Katakey will submit its report within 30 days.

COMMITTEE WILL PROBE 13 POINTS LISTED BY THE NGT ORDER

  1. Cause of gas and oil leak
  2. Extent of loss and damage caused to human life, wildlife and environment
  3. Damage and health hazards to the public
  4. Possible contamination caused to water, air and soil around the oil well
  5. Extent of contamination of the Dibru river due to the oil spill
  6. Air quality monitoring, along with collecting soil and groundwater samples of the area and testing water from the Dibru
  7. Impact on the eco-sensitive Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and Maguri-Motapung wetland zone
  8. Impact on agriculture, fishery and domestic animals in the area
  9. Any mitigation measures put in place by OIL to offset incidents such as this one
  10. Individuals responsible for the fire incidents and the cause of failure to prevent the incident
  11. Assessment of compensation for victims and cost of restitution of damage caused to property and environment
  12. Preventive and remedial measures
  13. Any other incidental or allied issues

SERIOUS ALLEGATIONS IN POLLUTION BOARD’S CLOSURE NOTICE

  • The Pollution Control Board, Assam (PCBA) earlier served a closure notice to OIL to stop all production and drilling activities in the Baghjan oilfield.
  • It said the oil field operated “without obtaining prior consent to establish / consent to operate from pollution control board”.

  It also questioned how the installation worked without an effluent treatment plant and said the Maguri-Motapung wetland.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Rains and flooding have hampered operations to kill the well.
  • The situation is grim.
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | Justice Katakey Committee | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : Important GS-3 Issues

 

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