Kargil Vijay Diwas | UPSC

Kargil Vijay Diwas _ UPSC

Kargil Vijay Diwas | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Kargil Vijay Diwas Celebrations at Pune

      WHY IN NEWS:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh pays homage to fallen heroes at National War Memorial on 21st anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Post-Independence : History

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS look out for Operations : Operation Vijay ; Operation Badri .

For MAINS this issue is not important . But yes you have to keep an eye on timeline .

      CONTEXT: 

On this date in 1999 India successfully took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistan.

KARGIL WAR

The Kargil war was fought for more than 60 days, ended on 26 July and resulted in loss of life on both the sides.

Kargil Vijay Diwas, named after the successful Operation Vijay, is celebrated in India on 26 July.

  • The war ended with India regaining control of all the previously held territory.
  • Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year in honour of the Kargil War’s Heroes.
  • Prime Minister of India pays homage to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate every year.
  • Functions are also organized all over the country to commemorate the contributions of the armed forces.

The battle was fought in the most inhospitable terrain in the World-Kargil-Drass Sector of Ladakh.

  • The Kargil War or as referred – Operation Vijay was fought at an altitude of approximately 16,000 feet.
  • 1,042 Pakistani soldiers lost their lives and 527 Indian soldiers were martyred.

WHY KARGIL?

In an attempt to defuse the situation, both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999.

  • This promised to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.
  • During the winter of 1998–1999, Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly infiltrating into territory on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC).

The infiltration was code named “Operation Badri“.

  • The aim of the Pakistani incursion was to sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh.

This caused Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier.

  • Thus forcing India to negotiate a settlement of the broader Kashmir dispute.
  • Pakistan also believed that any tension in the region would internationalize the Kashmir issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution.
  • Initially, Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis .
  • Later Indian army realized that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale.
  • The total area seized by the ingress is generally accepted to between 130 km² – 200 km².
  • The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilization of 200,000 Indian troops.

The war came to an official end on July 26, 1999, thus marking it as Kargil Vijay Diwas.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

On this day the Indian Armed Forces braving most difficult terrain, battling extreme weather conditions fought valiantly on the steep slopes.

  • Indian Armed Forces’ victory in Kargil on 26 July 1999 is a saga of strong political, military and diplomatic actions.
  • The Nation is celebrating this day with pride, honour and inspiration.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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