Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 19th Nov 2020

“Happiness cannot be traveled to, owned, earned, or worn. It is the spiritual experience of living every minute with love, grace & gratitude.” – Denis Waitley

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #250 :“Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC

Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC

Rohit Azad
Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC

Rohit Azad teaches at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

      HEADLINES:

The need for ‘maximum government’

      CENTRAL THEME:

The current crisis has provided us with an opportunity to rethink our health, economic and climate policies

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : Governance : Economy

      MAINS QUESTION:

This crisis has provided us with an opportunity to rethink our health, economic and climate policies. We can choose to act on these or walk down the beaten path. Discuss -(GS 2,3)

      LEARNING: 

  • Self Reliance in Manufacturing
  • Role of Good Governance
  • Fiscal Stimulus and Indian Economy

      INTRODUCTION: 

Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC

SOURCES : MINISTRY OF FINANCE

  • JOBLESS GROWTH : In the new set of relief measures announced by the Finance Minister, job creation has moved to the forefront.

The credit package may be for MSMEs, in times of deep economic crises, they will not deliver as they will be wary of taking more loans.

  • FISCAL RESPONSIBILITIES : Fiscal measures even in harsh economic conditions, created to a great extent by its own lack of governance during the COVID-induced lockdown.
  • DUAL CRISIS AT DOORSTEPS : Indians got both a COVID-19-induced health crisis and, in an attempt to control it, a severe economic crisis.

      BODY: 

THE BALL IS IN THE PEOPLE’S COURT

  • LIVING STANDARDS : The UN defines a best practice as successful initiatives towards improving people‟s standard of life.
  • ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT : Atmanirbhar 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 — seems to be saying to the people and businesses is: ‘if you do this, we will award you with this and this’.

The ball is being put in the court of those who are suffering instead of the state taking the responsibility of steering the economy out of this turmoil.

  • EFFECTIVE PARTNERSHIP : A best practice originates as a result of effective partnership between public and private entities and is socially and culturally self-sufficient.
  • SERVICE QUALITY : Governments all around the world are striving to deliver high-quality services with the help of already established best practices in both public and private sectors.
  • EASE OF DOING BUSINESS : The States initiatives for improving ‘Ease of Doing Business’ should involve both first time and small entrepreneurs.
  • ANNUAL SURVEY OF INDUSTRIES DATA : Analysis of production data shows that in 2017-18, value addition for surveyed firms ranged from 1.6% to 17.4%, with most of the firms being below 10%.
  • IMPORTED INPUTS : For the majority of the surveyed firms, more than 85% of the inputs were imported.

FOCUS ON VALUE OF PRODUCTION

  • DIFFERENT LAYERS : These thresholds vary for foreign and domestic mobile firms.
  • FOCUS : Thus, focus remains on increasing value of domestic production, and not local value addition.

However, their performance in the last couple of years has not been promising.

FOCUS ON DIGITAL EMPOWERMENT AND E-GOVERNANCE

  • In order to accomplish e government initiatives, there must be a phased approach applied to the infrastructure development.

E -governments all around the world have different objectives and follow different models for e -government development.

E-GOVERNANCE

  • Presence on Web
  • Interaction between Citizen and Government
  • Complete Transaction over Web Integration of Services

PILLARS OF INTEGRATION

  • Constant focus on improvement in quality, costs and delivery of the e -government services.

Closer interaction with the citizens. Closer interaction within the service providers. 

  • Increased and effective use of technology.
  • Greater flexibility and Less hierarchical organization.
  • Promoting continuous learning, teamwork, participation and flexibility.

      IASbhai Windup: 

THE DEMANDS

  • MONETISING THE DEFICIT : FRBM should be kept in abeyance, both for the Centre and the States, and the state should inject a fiscal stimulus of at least ₹10 lakh crore and borrow to finance it .
  • ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES : This stimulus could comprise, among other things, free ration and other essentials like oil, soap and cooking gas for a period of six months.
  • MINIMUM CASH TRANSFER : Cash transfer till employment opportunities are back and an urban employment guarantee law.

A comprehensive green deal can be planned, partly financed by the state and partly by carbon tax.

  • CREATING A ENERGY MIX : Such deal will not only changes the energy mix of the economy but also makes the poor and the marginalised a part of a sustainable development process.

“Ideally, government should collect taxes like honeybee, which sucks just the right amount of honey from the flower so that both can survive” . -ARTHASHASTRA.

SUGGESTED READING : https://darpg.gov.in/journal-MGMG 
       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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