NAG Missile | UPSC
Final User Trial of NAG Missile
WHY IN NEWS:
Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh congratulated DRDO and Indian Army for the successful trial of NAG Missile.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence : Missiles
For PRELIMS go through factual data like range , class , variants etc.
- The Nag missile also called “Prospina” for the land-attack version, is an Indian third-generation missile.
- It has a single-shot hit probability of 90% and a ten-year, maintenance-free shelf life.
THE NAG HAS FIVE VARIANTS UNDER DEVELOPMENT
- A land version, for a mast-mounted system
- The helicopter-launched Nag (HELINA)
- A “man-portable” version (MPATGM)
- An air-launched version
- Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA)
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
- Development of the Nag is part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
- IGMDP is run by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- India’s Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 19 July 2019 that the missile was ready for production.
- Nag Missiles have an operational range of 500 m to 20 km.
- Final user trial of 3rd generation Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) NAG was carried out today on 22 Oct 2020 at 0645 hrs from Pokhran range.
- The missile was integrated with the actual warhead and a tank target was kept at designated range.
- The missile hit the target accurately defeating the armour.
- ATGM NAG has been developed by DRDO to engage highly fortified enemy tanks in day and night conditions.
- The missile has “Fire & Forget” “Top Attack” capabilities with passive homing guidance to defeat all MBTs equipped with composite and reactive armour.
- The NAG missile carrier NAMICA is a BMP II based system with amphibious capability.
- With this final user trial, NAG will enter into production phase.
- The Nag missile’s only operational launch platform is the purpose-built NAMICA missile carrier
- A number of other variants were in various stages of development and testing.
- The NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier) is a stretched, license-built BMP-2 with additional wheels, nicknamed “Sarath” in India.
- It is classified as a tank destroyer.
It is loaded with:
- An Electro-optical system
- A thermal imager (TI)
- A laser rangefinder (LRF) for target acquisition.
- The NAMICA carries a total of twelve missiles, with eight in ready-to-fire mode and four in storage.
- The carrier weights 14.5 tonnes in full combat load and is capable of moving 7 km/h in water.
- The carrier was put through transportation trials, covering 155 km during 2008 summer trials.
- It has a lock-on-before-launch system, where the target is identified and designated before the launch.
- The range of attack is limited due to its targeting system being based on visual identification.
- It has a compact auxiliary power unit (APU) for silent watch operation
- Chemical protection system (NBCPS).
- Development of the Nag missile began in 1988 under A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
- The first tests were conducted in November 1990.
- The Nag missile underwent successful tests in September 1997 and January 2000.
- The DRDO and the Indian Army planned to conduct user trials shortly thereafter.
- These would be the final trials to decide whether the system would go into production.
- The NAMICA successfully completed amphibious trials in the Indira Gandhi Canal at Rajasthan on 8 August 2008.
SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | NAG Missile | UPSC