National Bamboo Mission 2020 | UPSC

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National Bamboo Mission 2020 _ UPSC

National Bamboo Mission 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar launches 22 bamboo clusters in 9 States; Logo for National Bamboo Mission also released

      WHY IN NEWS:

India moving towards increasing exports of bamboo products, support being given by National Bamboo Mission to local artisans will actualize PM’s goal for progress of local industries – Shri Tomar

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture : Forest

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note the aim , significance and the strategy of this mission . Keep an eye on meaning of the logo.

For MAINS focus on key takeaway points and mention some lacunae in the project.

      CONTEXT: 

NATIONAL BAMBOO MISSION

  • Bamboo is a versatile group of plants which is capable of providing ecological, economic and livelihood security to the people.
  • India has the highest area (13.96 million ha) under bamboo and is the second richest country, after China.
  • Restructured National Bamboo Mission approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 25-04-2018.

AIM

The Mission envisages promoting holistic growth of bamboo sector by adopting area-based, regionally differentiated strategy.

  • This will increase the area under bamboo cultivation and marketing.
  • Quality planting material are being used in this mission ; by supporting the setting up of new nurseries and strengthening of existing ones.
  • To address forward integration, the Mission is taking steps to strengthen marketing of bamboo products, especially those of handicraft items.

LOGO

  • A logo for the National Bamboo Mission was also released.

National Bamboo Mission 2020 _ UPSC

  • The logo portrays a bamboo culm in the center of a circle composed of half an industrial wheel and half farmers, depicting the objectives of NBM appropriately.
  • The green and yellow colour of the logo symbolise bamboo often termed as green gold.

FOCUS

  • To increase the area under bamboo plantation in non forest Government and private lands to supplement farm income .
  • The bamboo plantations will be promoted predominantly in farmers’ fields, homesteads, community lands, arable wastelands, and along irrigation canals, water bodies etc.

To improve post-harvest management through establishment of innovative primary processing units near the source of production and improve market infrastructure.

  • To promote product development keeping in view market demand, by assisting R&D, entrepreneurship & business models to feed bigger industry.
  • To rejuvenate the under developed bamboo industry in India.
  • To promote skill development, capacity building, awareness generation for development of bamboo sector from production to market demand.
  • To realign efforts so as to reduce dependency on import of bamboo and bamboo products by way of improved productivity.

FUND ALLOCATION

  • 60:40 between Centre and State Govt. for all States (excepting NE & Hilly states),

90:10 for the NE & Hilly States. 

  • 100% for Union Territories/R&D Institutes/Bamboo Technology Support Groups (BTSGs) and National Level Agencies.

STRATEGY

The Mission would adopt the following strategies:

i) The Mission will focus on development of bamboo in limited States where it has social, commercial and economical advantage.

ii) Production of genetically superior planting material of bamboo species with commercial and industrial demand.

iii) Adoption of end to end solution in bamboo sector i.e. complete value chain approach starting from bamboo growers to consumers would be emphasized.

iv) Since end to end solution for development of bamboo sector is envisaged, each stage of the value chain will require relevant expertise and networking for its effective implementation.

v) Besides product development, emphasis will also be given for higher economic realization to growers/producers through initiatives on export promotion, market infrastructure and e-trading etc.

vi) Capacity building of the officials, field functionaries, entrepreneurs and farmers through skill development and trainings will be emphasised.

vii) Focus will be given on Research & Development (R&D) to increase the production and productivity of bamboo by identifying its superior clones.

viii) Executive Committee (EC) headed by Secretary (DAC&FW) will oversee the implementation & monitoring of the Mission at national level.

ix) State Level Executive Committee (SLEC) headed by Chief Secretary would be set up to oversee implementation of the programme in the States

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The restructured National Bamboo Mission was launched in 2018-19 for holistic development of the complete value chain of the sector.
  • The Mission is being implemented in a hub (industry) and spoke model, with the main goal of connecting farmers to markets .
  • The Mission was launched as a natural corollary of the historic amendment of the Indian Forest Act in 2017.

Thereby, removing bamboo from the definition of trees, hence bamboo grown outside forests no longer need felling and transit permissions. 

  • The bamboo ecosystem has been energized with 23 States being assisted, including all the 8 States of North East.
  • Assam has already engaged FPOs for raising plantations.
  • The Sector Skill Councils established under National Skill Development Agency will also impart skills and Recognition of Prior Learning to traditional artisans.
  • This will also encourage the youth to carry forward their family traditions.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | National Bamboo Mission | UPSC

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