National Education Day 2020 | UPSC

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National Education Day 2020 | UPSC

National Education Day 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Union Minister of Education virtually inaugurates the National Education Day programme organised by IIT Bombay

      WHY IN NEWS:

Union Minister of Education Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ today virtually inaugurated the National Education Day(RashtriyaShikshaDiwas) programme as the Chief Guest.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Education
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1: 3 : History : Education

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through contributions and the personality.

For MAINS look back in history and his political career . We have given a glimpse here but its right time to open SPECTRUM-RAJIV AHIR. Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

A programme was organised by IIT Bombay to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s First Education Minister MaulanaAbulKalam Azad.

National Education Day 2020 | UPSC

SOURCES : WIKI COMMONS

NATIONAL EDUCATION DAY 2020

OVERVIEW

  • The birth anniversary of MaulanaAbulKalam Azad on 11 November is celebrated as the National Education Day.

National Education Day is celebrated every year on November 11 in the country.

  • It is celebrated on the birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of India.
  • Various campaigns and programs are organized on this day to spread awareness about education .
  • Maulana Abul Kalam was born on November 11, 1888.

CELEBRATIONS

  • Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) had decided on September 11, 2008, to celebrate November 11 as National Education Day every year.

On this day, various programs and campaigns are organized to spread awareness about education and make every person literate.
 

  • Schools will observe National Education Day by organising seminars, symposia, essay writing competitions etc.
  • The importance of education and the Nation’s commitment to all aspects of education will be showcased on 11th November, 2019.

FIRST EDUCATION MINISTER OF INDIA

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad established the University Grants Commission (UGC) after India’s independence.

Maulana Azad was the youngest, at the age of 35, president of the Indian National Congress.

  • Azad used to write poems in Urdu. People also know him as a warrior with a pen.
  • He established higher educational institutions and worked for free education in the country.

MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD

  • His complete name was – Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad.
  • Initially, his father was his teacher but later he was educated at home by the famous teacher in his area.

Azad learned Arabic and Persian and then studied philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra.

  • He learned the English language, history of the world and politics by studying himself.

FREEDOM STRUGGLE

  • He met two of Bengal’s leading revolutionaries Arvind Ghosh and Shri Shyam Sundar Chakraborty .
  • He joined the revolutionary movement against British rule.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad set up secret revolutionary centres throughout North India and Bombay within two years.

Malana Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movement, during which he worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi. 

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was elected as a member of foundation committee to establish Jamia Milia Islamia at Aligarh.
  • In 1912, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started a weekly Urdu newspaper called ‘Al-Hilal‘ to increase the feeling of patriotism among Muslims.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad served the country from 1947 to 1958 as the First Minister of Education in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet.
  • He died due to a heart attack on 22 February 1958.

CONTRIBUTIONS

  • He emphasized educating the rural poor and girls.
  • He also promoted adult literacy, universal primary education.

He promoted the idea of free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14.

  • He supported girls’ education, and diversification of secondary education and vocational training.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1992 for his contribution as a freedom fighter and educationist.

National Education Day 2020 | UPSC

MAULANA ABUL KALAM AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

  • Abul Kalam Azad established University Grants Commission (UGC) on 28 December 1953.

He had also established IISc and School of Architecture and Planning.

  • The modern-day IITs were the brainchild of Mulana Abul Kalam.

He founded the Sangeet Natak Akademi (1953), Sahitya Akademi (1954) and Lalit Kala Akademi (1954) to promote education and culture in the country. 

  • Azad considered schools as laboratories which produce future citizens of the country and, therefore, emphasised on quality education.
  • He assisted in shifting the campus of the university from Aligarh to New Delhi in 1934.
  • Maulana Azad was instrumental in setting up the Central Institute of Education, Delhi.(Education department DU )

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

We must not for a moment forget, it is a birth right of every individual to receive at least the basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen-Maulana Azad

     SOURCES:  PIB | National Education Day 2020 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : GS-1

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