National Rabi Campaign 2020 | UPSC

Spread the love

National Rabi Campaign 2020 | UPSC

National Rabi Campaign 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar kick starts National Rabi Campaign 2020 for Aatamnirbhar Kheti

      WHY IN NEWS:

Shri Tomar congratulates farmers and state governments for record food grain production of 296.65 million tonnes in 2019-2020 under unfavourable conditions imposed by Covid-19

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you have to be well versed with the trends and upcoming targets . That made us include this campaign .

For MAINS compare the Kharif production with Rabi . Make a table and write down the targets 2021 which are to be achieved. Also make a column for  recent initiatives to supplement the same.

      ISSUE: 

The National Conference for Rabi Campaign 2020 sets a target of 301 million tonnes of food grains production for 2020-2021

NATIONAL RABI CAMPAIGN 2020

OVERVIEW

  • There was a record food grain production of 296.65 million tonnes in 2019-20 under unfavourable conditions imposed by Covid-19.

The pulses and oilseed production is expected to be at 23.15 and 33.42 million tonnes, respectively.

  • Production of cotton is being estimated at 354.91 lakh bales with which India is set to rise to the first position in the world.
  • This year has established a milestone in the history of Indian agriculture.
  • Kharif sowing during this year up to 11-09-2020 has been 1113 lakh hectares which is 46 lakh hectares more than normal sowing area.
  • This provides good opportunity for ensuring food and nutritional security of the country.

National Rabi Campaign 2020 | UPSC

RABI CROP

  • India has three major growing seasons; kharif, rabi and zaid.
  • Rabi is important cropping season contributing to more than half of crop productions.

National conferences are held before every season to take stock of the preparedness.
 

  • This ensure timely availability of seed, fertilizers and other inputs.
  • This time good rainfall has occurred and water reservoirs are full which offers good opportunity.

MICRO IRRIGATION

  • Government of India has set the target of covering 100 lakh hectares in five years under micro-irrigation.

A dedicated Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF) of Rs. 5,000 crore has been created .

  • It is financed by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) for expanding coverage of micro irrigation.
  • In the year 2019-20, about 11 lakh farmers have benefitted by the adoption of drip and sprinkler irrigation system.
  • During the last five years, an area of 47.92 lakh hectare has been covered under micro irrigation in the country.

NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RABI CAMPAIGN 2020

  • The conference set a target of 301 million tonnes of food grains production for 2020-21.

More emphasis will be laid on production of pulses and oilseeds .

  • The targets have been set at 25.60 million tonnes for pulses and 37.00 million tonnes for oilseeds.
  • To reduce import of edible oils, great emphasis is being laid on production of oilseeds and oil palm plantation indigenously. 

INITIATIVES FOR PULSES AND OILSEEDS

  • Seed hubs : Pulses(150), Oilseeds(35), Nutri-cereals(25)
  • Breeder Seed production by ICAR / SAUs

Certified seed production of pulses 2 lakh quintal (2019-20) under NFSM.

  • Minikit of new varieties
  • Geotagging
  • Alternate crop plan in WB: Pulses & Oilseeds
  • Targetting Rice Fallow Area(TFRA): Pulses, Oilseeds (1.8 mil. Ha)
  • Oil Palm : Additional area 25,000 ha – 2019-20
  • Special procurement Scheme “Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan” (PM-AASHA).

ONE DISTRICT ONE FOCUS PRODUCT (ODOP)

  • Around 100 districts have GI Tag Crops identified Budget announcement of 2020-21.

For better marketing and support States are adopting a cluster basis, will focus on ‘One District One Product’.

  • Horticulture, Organic and APEDA clusters will be formed .
  • There would be no separate funding for ODOP.
  • Priority of selected crops and districts would be given for funding in schemes related to FPOs, marketing etc.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Recently Agricultural Infrastructure Fund (AIF) scheme worth Rs 1 lakh crore for 4 years has been launched.
  • This will creating facilities for cold storage, warehouse, packaging, ripening & waxing plants by agri-entrepreneurs.

Tentative allocation to the states have made on the basis of total value of output of the state from agriculture and allied sectors.

  •  A 3% interest subvention will be given on bank interest, making loan with effective interest rate in the range of 5.0 to 5.5%.
  • Formation of 10,000 Farmers Producer Organisations (FPOs) is another such step to organize farmers in aggregation and marketing for higher returns.
  • These will be registered under company or cooperative act and 15% will be constituted in Aspirational and Notified Tribal Areas.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Farming community and State Governments deserve special appreciation for this commendable achievement.

This Rabi Focus is on Mustard under oilseeds and the target for production of mustard alone has been raised from 92 to 125 lakh tonnes.

RABI PREPAREDNESS WILL INCLUDE

  • Timely arrangement of inputs.

EXAMPLE
Seeds, fertilizers, micronutrients, nutrients, plant protection, machinery.

  • Coordination meeting with line departments (credit, power, irrigation)
  • Preparation for timely crop insurance cover
  • Weekly video conferencing for reviewing crop situation, input availability and follow up
  • Mobilizing extension staff for field deployment
  • Convergence with ATMA and other central schemes.
  • Motivating farmers, capacity building: DD Kisan, mela, goshthi,training
  • Implementation & monitoring
  • Close monitoring of flow of funds to ensure timely reach
  • Technical backstopping for cluster demonstration, capacity building.
LAUNCH VIDEO – CLICK HERE
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | National Rabi Campaign 2020 | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : GS-3

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.