O-SMART Scheme | UPSC
Ocean Services, Modelling, Applications, Resources and Technology (O-SMART SCHEME) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences
WHY IN NEWS:
Hot from PIB !
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Schemes : Disaster Management
For PRELIMS through it is old scheme(2018) , It still stands important when you look at the objectives .
For MAINS nothing much here . Go through SDG-14 once . Let us dive in !
- To generate and regularly update information on Marine Living Resources and their relationship with the physical environment in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ),
- To periodically monitor levels of sea water pollutants for health assessment of coastal waters of India, to develop shoreline change maps for assessment of coastal erosion due to natural and anthropogenic activities,
- To develop a wide range of state-of-the art ocean observation systems for acquisition of real-time data from the seas around India,
- To generate and disseminate a suite of user-oriented ocean information, advisories, warnings, data and data products for the benefit of society,
- To develop high resolution models for ocean forecast and reanalysis system,
- (6) To develop algorithms for validation of satellite data for coastal research and to monitor changes in the coastal research,
- Acquisition of 2 Coastal Research Vessels (CRVs) as replacement of 2 old CRVs for coastal pollution monitoring, testing of various underwater components and technology demonstration,
- To develop technologies to tap the marine bio resources,
- To develop technologies generating freshwater and energy from ocean,
- To develop underwater vehicles and technologies,
- Establishment of Ballast water treatment facility,
- To support operation and maintenance of 5 Research vessels for ocean survey/monitoring/technology demonstration programmes,
- Establishment of state of the art sea front facility to cater to the testing and sea trial activities of ocean technology,
- To carryout exploration of Polymetallic Nodules (MPN) from water depth of 5500 m in site of 75000 sq.km allotted to India by United Nations in Central Indian Ocean Basin, to carryout investigations of gas hydrates,
- Exploration of polymetallic sulphides near Rodrigues Triple junction in 10000 sq. km of area allotted to India in International waters by International Seabed Authority/UN and,
- Submission of India’s claim over continental shelf extending beyond the Exclusive Economic Zone supported by scientific data, and Topographic survey of EEZ of India.
ITEWC AND INCOIS
- The Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) was established at Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad.
- It is an autonomous body under Ministry of Earth Sciences .
- It has functioned flawlessly since its establishment in October 2007.
- The ITEWC is also providing tsunami services to 25 Indian Ocean Countries as part of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO framework.
- INCOIS has introduced several innovative concepts in tsunami modelling, mapping of coastal inundation, Decision Support System etc.
- INCOIS has established a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) in Andaman and Nicobar Islands for quick estimation of earthquakes.
- The ITEWC, INCOIS regularly conducts workshops, training sessions and tsunami mock exercises to create awareness and preparedness about the tsunamis.
- ITEWC is also coordinating with coastal States/UTs to implement Tsunami Ready Programme, a concept introduced by UNESCO, at community level.
In accordance of the Ocean Policy Statement enacted in November 1982, the Ministry has been implementing a number of multi-disciplinary projects.
These projects are in the field of ocean development primarily to:
(i) Provide a suite of Ocean Information services,
(ii) Develop technology for sustainable harnessing the ocean resources,
(iii) Promote front-ranking research and
(iv) Conduct ocean scientific ocean surveys.
- The services rendered under the O-SMART will provide economic benefits to a number of user communities in the coastal and ocean sectors.
- Implementation of O-SMART will help in addressing issues relating to Sustainable Development Goal-14.
- SDG-14 aims to conserve use of oceans, marine resources for sustainable development.
- This scheme (O-SMART) also provide necessary scientific and technological background required for implementation of various aspects of Blue Economy.