PM-AASHA Scheme | UPSC

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PM-AASHA Scheme | UPSC

PM-AASHA Scheme | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Functioning of PM-AASHA Scheme ( Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan )

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the aim and different components under the scheme .

For MAINS note down the pro-farmer initiatives mentioned in the scheme .You can easily embed them in answers related to MSP and agriculture . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) is an umbrella scheme to ensure Minimum Support Price (MSP) to farmers.

PM-AASHA SCHEME

  • Giving a major boost to the pro-farmer initiatives of the Government and in keeping with Government’s commitment and dedication for Annadata.

It will help to protect farmers’ income which is expected to go long way towards the welfare of farmers. 

  • Government has already increased the MSP of Kharif crops by following the principle of 1.5 times the cost of production.
  • It is expected that the increase in MSP will bring robust procurement mechanism in coordination with the State Governments.

AIM

PM-AASHA is aimed towards ensuring remunerative prices to farmers for their produce.

  • This will ensure Minimum Support Price (MSP) to farmers of notified oilseeds and pulses qualifying Fair Average Quality norms.

PM-AASHA Scheme | UPSC

THREE IMPORTANT COMPONENTS

  1. Price Support Scheme (PSS) with certain modifications.
  2. Rolling out of new schemes of Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS)
  3. Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPSS).

PRICE SUPPORT SCHEME (PSS)

In Price Support Scheme (PSS) is physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and Copra . 

  • This will be done by Central Nodal Agencies with proactive role of State governments.
  • It is also decide the addition to NAFED, Food Cooperation of India (FCI) will take up PSS operations in states /districts.
  • The procurement expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by Central Government as per norms.

PRICE DEFICIENCY PAYMENT SCHEME (PDPS)

  • PDPS is proposed to cover all oilseeds for which MSP is notified.

In this direct payment of the difference between the MSP and the selling/modal price will be made to pre-registered farmers.

  • Farmer selling his produce in the notified market yard will be through a transparent auction process.
  • All payment will be done directly into registered bank account of the farmer.
  • This scheme does not involve any physical procurement of crops as farmers are paid the difference between the MSP price and Sale price .

PILOT OF PRIVATE PROCUREMENT & STOCKIST SCHEME (PPPS)

  • Participation of private sector in procurement operation needs to piloted .
  • Therefore in addition to PDPS, it has been decided that for oilseeds, states have the option to roll out PPSS on pilot basis.

It will be in selected district/APMC(s) of district involving the participation of private stockiest.

  • The pilot district/selected APMC(s) of district will cover one or more crop of oilseeds for which MSP is notified.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The scheme proposes to strengthen physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra.

State governments will be entrusted to choose type and quantity of the crop to be procured when wholesale prices fall below MSP.

  • Besides, the State governments will also procure 25 per cent of the marketable surplus of farmers for eligible crops.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • PM-AASHA has been introduced by the Centre to plug the holes in the procurement system .
  • This will address the gaps in the Minimum Support Price (MSP).

The crux of the issue is that unless procurement is strengthened , any hike in MSP will not proportionately benefit farmers.

  • When markets have failed miserably to pull out farmers from the perpetual indebtedness over the years,PM-AASHA comes as relief.
  • The launch of PM-AASHA can be seen as the dawn of new market architecture.
SUGGESTED READING : VIKASPEDIA 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | PM-AASHA Scheme | UPSC

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