Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana | UPSC

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana UPSC

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

      HEADLINES:

Cabinet approves ‘Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana – A scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS understand the aim , features and devolution of funds from centre to states .

For MAINS how will this scheme boost aquaculture ? Do you think this scheme will help HYBRID FISH FARMING ?

      CONTEXT: 

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) – A scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India  

The scheme is divided in two components namely, Central Sector Scheme (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) at a total estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crore comprising of (i) Central share of Rs. 9,407 crore, (ii) State share of Rs. 4,880 crore and (iii) Beneficiaries’ share of Rs. 5,763 crore.

  • The Scheme will be implemented during a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.
  • The Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) Component is further segregated into Non-beneficiary oriented and Beneficiary orientated sub­components/activities under the following three broad heads:

a) Enhancement of Production and Productivity

b) Infrastructure and Post-Harvest Management

c) Fisheries Management and Regulatory Framework

FUNDING PATTERN:

a)  The entire project/unit cost will be borne by the Central government (i.e. 100% central funding).

b)   Wherever direct beneficiary oriented i.e. individual/group activities are undertaken by the entities of central government including National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), the central assistance will be up to 40% of the unit/project cost for General category and 60% for SC/ST/Women category.

CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME (CSS):

For the Non-beneficiary orientated:

a)   North Eastern & Himalayan States: 90% Central share and 10% State share.

b)   Other States: 60% Central share and 40% State share.

c)   Union Territories (with legislature and without legislature): 100% Central share.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

BENEFITS:

  1. Address the critical gaps in the fisheries sector and realize its potential.
  2. Augmenting fish production and productivity at a sustained average annual growth rate of about 9% to achieve a target of 22 million metric tons by 2024-25 through sustainable and responsible fishing practices.
  3. Improving availability of certified quality fish seed and feed, traceability in fish and including effective aquatic health management.
  4. Creation of critical infrastructure including modernisation and strengthening of value chain.
  5. Creation of direct gainful employment opportunities to about 15 lakh fishers, fish farmers, fish workers, fish vendors and other rural/urban populations in fishing and allied activities and about thrice this number as indirect employment opportunities including enhancement of their incomes.
  6. Boost to investments in fisheries sector and increase of competitiveness of fish and fisheries products.
  7. Doubling of fishers, fish farmers and fish workers incomes by 2024
  8. Social, physical and economic security for fishers and fish workers.
SUGGESTED READING : https://iasbhai.com/schemes/ 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important UPSC Prelims Schemes

 

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