Prerak Dauur Samman | UPSC

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Prerak Dauur Samman 2020 UPSC

Prerak Dauur Samman | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

‘PRERAK DAUUR SAMMAN’ new category of awards introduced

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • Segregation of waste into wet, dry & hazard categories, c&d waste processing, sanitation status of cities etc to be the performance criteria
  • Integrated Sbm-Urban Mis Portal Launched
  • Lighthouse Cities Of Navi Mumbai, Surat, Khargone And Karad Showcased Source Segregation Models
MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Urbanisation : Sanitation

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS the toolkit for the competition among the cities has launched . It is quite important for examination perspective .

For MAINS take down important key takeaway point from the toolkit . Go through the timeline too .

      ISSUE: 

Swachh survekshan 2021 toolkit launched – sixth edition of annual cleanliness survey of Urban India

A new category of awards titled ‘Prerak Dauur Samman’ as part of Swachh Survekshan 2021 will be introduced.

PRERAK DAUUR SAMMAN

The Prerak Dauur Samman has a total of five additional sub- categories

  • Divya (Platinum)
  • Anupam (Gold)
  • Ujjwal (Silver)
  • Udit (Bronze)
  • Aarohi (Aspiring) – with top three cities being recognized in each.
In a departure from the present criteria of evaluating cities on ‘population category’.
This new category will categorize cities on the basis of six select indicator wise performance criteria which are as follows:
  1. Segregation of waste into Wet, Dry and Hazard categories
  2. Processing capacity against wet waste generated
  3. Processing and recycling of wet and dry waste
  4. Construction & Demolition (C&D) waste processing
  5. Percentage of waste going to landfills
  6. Sanitation status of cities

SBM-URBAN MIS PORTAL

  • The launch of the integrated MIS portal is an effort by the Ministry to bring the numerous digital initiatives on a single platform.
  • Thus , ensuring a unified and hassle-free experience for States and cities and leading the way towards the creation of not just a Swachh but a truly digital India.

SWACHH SURVEKSHAN 2020

  • Swachh Survekshan has become a tool for citizen engagement in the spirit of a true ‘Jan Andolan’.

  “This year, the focus on citizen participation and encourage innovations led by citizens, start-ups, entrepreneurs and Swachhata Champions amongst others”.

TIMELINE

  • 2016 : ​As a prelude to encouraging cities to improve urban sanitation, MoHUA had conducted Swachh Survekshan 2016 survey for the rating of 73 cities in January 2016,
  • 2017 :  Swachh Survekshan 2017 conducted in January-February 2017 ranking 434 cities.
  • 2018 : Swachh Survekshan 2018, which became the world’s largest cleanliness survey, ranked 4203 cities .
  • 2019 : Swachh Survekshan 2019 which not only covered 4237 cities but was also the first of its kind completely digital survey completed in a record time of 28 days.

Swachh Survekshan 2020 continued the momentum and saw an unprecedented participation of 1.87 crore citizens.

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

  ​Since its launch in 2014, Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) has made significant progress in the area of both sanitation and solid waste management.

  • ODF ++ : 4324 Urban ULBs have been declared ODF (4204 certified ODF), 1306 cities certified ODF+ and 489 cities certified ODF++.
  • ACCESS TO TOILETS : Moreover, 66 lakhs individual household toilets and over 6 lakhs community/ public toilets have been constructed/ or are under construction.
  • GOOGLE MAP : Additionally, over 59,900 toilets across 2900+ cities have been made live on Google Maps.
  • GARBAGE FREE CITIES : A total of six cities have been certified as 5 Star, 86 as 3 star and 64 as 1 star under the Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free Cities.

While Mysuru had won the award for the Cleanest City of India in the first edition of the survey, Indore has retained the top position for three consecutive years (2017,2018, 2019).
 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • “Every year, the Swachh Survekshan is redesigned innovatively, to ensure that the process becomes more robust, with focus on sustaining the behaviour change.
  • The results for Swachh Survekshan 2020 will be announced shortly by the Ministry.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important GS-1 ISSUES

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