Production Linked Incentive Scheme | UPSC

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Production Linked Incentive Scheme _ UPSC

Production Linked Incentive Scheme | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

PLI Scheme to herald a new era in mobile phone and electronic components manufacturing

      WHY IN NEWS:

Production of Rs. 11.50 lakh crore and Exports of Rs. 7 lakh crore expected over next 5 years : Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Electronics & IT
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through aim and significance of this schemes . Do not forget the ministry .

For MAINS nothing much here .

      CONTEXT: 

Major boost to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Make in India and AtmaNirbhar Bharat

PRODUCTION LINKED INCENTIVE SCHEME (PLI)

LAUNCH

  • Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) for Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing was notified on 1st April, 2020.
  • The scheme was open for filing applications till 31.07.2020.
  • Incentives are applicable under the scheme from 01.08.2020.

AIM

PLI Scheme extends an incentive of 4% to 6% on incremental sales (over base year) of goods under target segments.

  • These goods are manufactured in India to eligible companies, for a period of five years subsequent to the base year (FY2019-20).

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 22 companies have filed their application under the PLI Scheme.
 

  • The international mobile phone manufacturing companies that have applied under Mobile Phone (Invoice Value INR 15,000 and above) Segment are Samsung, Foxcon Hon Hai, Rising Star, Wistron and Pegatron.
  • Out of these, 3 companies namely Foxcon Hon Hai, Wistron and Pegatron are contract manufacturers for Apple iPhones.
  • Apple (37%) and Samsung (22%) together account for nearly 60% of global sales revenue of mobile phones

This scheme is expected to increase their manufacturing base manifold in the country.

  • Under Mobile Phone (Domestic Companies) Segment, Indian companies including Lava, Dixon Technologies, Bhagwati (Micromax), Padget Electronics, Sojo Manufacturing Services and Optiemus Electronics have applied under the scheme.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The scheme will generate approximately 3 lakh direct employment opportunities in next 5 years.
  • Additional indirect employment will be nearly 3 times the direct employment.

Domestic Value Addition is expected to grow from the current 15-20% to 35-40% in case of Mobile Phones and 45-50% for electronic components.
 

  • PLI scheme and other initiatives to promote electronics manufacturing will help in making India a competitive destination for electronics manufacturing and give boost to AtmaNirbhar Bharat.
  • Creation of domestic champion companies in electronics manufacturing under the Scheme will give fillip to vocal for local while aiming for global scale.

FEATURES

These companies are expected to expand their manufacturing operations in a significant manner.

  • Thus, grow into national champion companies in mobile phone production.
  • 10 companies have filed applications under the Specified Electronic Components Segment .

Over the next 5 years, the Scheme is expected to lead to total production of about INR 11,50,000 crore (INR 11.5 lakh crore).

  • Out of the total production, companies under Mobile Phone (Invoice Value INR 15,000 and above) segment have proposed a production of over INR 9,00,000 crore.
  •  The companies under Mobile Phone (Domestic Companies) segment have proposed a production of about INR 2,00,000 crore .
  • Those under Specified Electronic Components segment have proposed a production of over INR 45,000 crore.
  • The scheme is expected to promote exports significantly.
  • Out of the total production of INR 11,50,000 crore in the next 5 years, more than 60% will be contributed by exports of the order of INR 7,00,000 crore.

The scheme will bring additional investment in electronics manufacturing to the tune of INR 11,000 crore.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The National Policy on Electronics 2019 envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM).
  • This is possible by focusing on size and scale promoting exports and enhancing domestic value addition by creating an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Production Linked Incentive Scheme | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : Schemes

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