QRSAM : Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile | UPSC

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QRSAM : Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile | UPSC

QRSAM : Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

QRSAM Missile System Achieves Major Milestone

      WHY IN NEWS:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh and Secretary DD R&D & Chairman DRDO Dr G Satheesh Reddy congratulated DRDO Scientists for the achievement.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Defence

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through specification , range , control systems and its significance in Indian Army.

For MAINS can you name a few Surface to Air Missiles ? Discuss the evolution of Surface to Air Missiles in India .

      CONTEXT: 

Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) System has achieved a major milestone by a direct hit on to a Banshee Pilotless target aircraft at medium range & medium altitude.

QUICK REACTION SURFACE TO AIR MISSILE (QRSAM)

LAUNCH

  • The missile launch took place from ITR Chandipur on 13th Nov 2020 at 1550 hrs off the Odisha Coast.

OVERVIEW

QRSAM : Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile | UPSC

  • Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System (QRSAM) is a Short Range Surface to Air Missile system.
  • QRSAM is designed to protect moving armoured columns from aerial attacks.
  • The entire weapon system is configured on highly mobile platforms and is capable of providing air defence on the move.
  • QRSAM Weapon Systems is being inducted into the Indian Army (IA).

The missile is propelled by a single stage solid propellant rocket motor and uses all indigenous subsystems.

  • The Missile is canisterised for transportation and launch using a mobile launcher capable of carrying 6 canisterised missiles.

DEVELOPERS

QSRAM is a missile developed by:

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
  • Bharat Electronics Limited
  • Bharat Dynamics Limited for the Indian Army.

MANUFACTURER

  • Bharat Dynamics, Bharat Electronics, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Tata Power Strategic Engineering Division.

DESCRIPTION

  • This missile is an all-weather, all-terrain surface-to-air missile equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars.
  • The missile can be mounted on a truck and is stored in a canister.

QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant and has a range of 25–30 km. 

  • The single-staged missile utilized by the system is propelled using solid propellants.
  • The missile is equipped with a midcourse inertial navigation system with a two-way data link and a DRDO-developed terminal active seeker.
  • The system has the capability to search and track targets while moving.

COMMAND AND CONTROL

  • QRSAM is a compact weapon system and is mobile.

It has a fully automated Command and Control System.

The missile system comprises two four-walled radars both of which encompass a 360-degree coverage, namely,

  • Battery Multifunction Radar
  • Battery Surveillance Radar
  • Battery Command Post Vehicle
  • Mobile Launcher were deployed in the flight test.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The system is capable of detecting and tracking targets on the move and engaging target with short halts.
  • The system is designed to give air defence coverage against strike columns of Indian Army.
  • The radar tracked the Banshee target from farthest range.

The missile was launched when target was within kill zone and achieved the direct hit with terminal active homing by RF Seeker guidance. 

  • Various DRDO labs DRDL, RCI, LRDE, R&DE(E), IRDE, ITR have participated in the test.
  • The weapon system elements have been realized through Defence PSUs BEL, BDL and private industry L&T.
  • The missile system is fully indigenous with active RF Seekers, Electro Mechanical Actuation (EMA) systems sourced from various industries.
  • The Radar is four walled Active Phased Array Radar.
  • All range Tracking stations, Radar, EOTs & Telemetry Stations monitored the flight parameters.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The first test firing of the missile took place on 4 June 2017.
  • The seventh-test took place on 23 December 2019 from Integrated Test Range (ITR), which included two firings of the missile.
  • With this test, the development of the missile was declared complete.

On 13th November 2020,DRDO successfully conducted test fire of the system hitting a Banshee Pilotless target aircraft at medium range and medium altitude

  • The system was deployed in Eastern Ladakh in June 2020.
     SOURCES:  PIB | QRSAM : Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile | UPSC

 

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