REDD+ Initiative by UNFCCC | UPSC
Uganda becomes first African country to submit REDD+ results, paves way for payments
WHY IN NEWS:
The mechanism by the United Nations calls for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:REDD+ : UNFCCC
For PRELIMS grasp REDD+ initiative and the commitment . Remember Uganda and Brazil too .
For MAINS prepare a beautiful short answer on How REDD+ initiative solve the issue of sustainable management of forest ?
REDD + INITIATIVE
- It creates a financial value for the carbon stored in forests by offering incentives for developing countries to reduce emissions from forested lands and invest in low-carbon paths to sustainable development.
- Developing countries would receive results-based payments for results-based actions.
- REDD+ goes beyond simply deforestation and forest degradation and includes the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
REDD+ AND UGANDA
- The results submission to the UNFCCC has paved the way for potential results-based payments to the country.
- Results-based payments comprise the final REDD+ phase.
- This is done through rigorous UN-backed technical evaluations.
- The country’s forest cover had depleted to 8 per cent from 24 per cent in the 1990s, largely attributed to human encroachment, including for charcoal, timber and agriculture.
- The document submitted by the government will help Uganda receive funds through the Green Climate Fund’s forest conservation scheme.
Uganda claimed it reduced emissions by 8,070,694 tonnes of carbon dioxide for 2015-2017 in a document prepared by its Ministry of Water and Environment, the REDD+ Secretariat and National Forestry Authority.
DEFORESTATION AND FOREST DEGRADATION
- Deforestation accounts for approximately 11 percent of carbon emissions, more than the entire global transportation sector and second only to the energy sector.
- In order to constrain the impacts of climate change within limits, global average temperatures must be stabilized within two degrees Celsius.
- This will be practically impossible to achieve without reducing emissions from the forest sector.
REDD+ strategy launched in 2017:
- Developing plans and options for forest management to reduce carbon emissions
- Maintain valuable ecosystem services such as biodiversity
- Water supply
- Soil protection
- Wealth creation for sustainable livelihoods.
- The REDD+ results showed deforestation reduced to 28,095 hectares (ha) per year over a two-year result period (2015-17) from a 50,147 ha per year average over a 15-year reference period (2000-15).
- This meant a 44 per cent reduction in the country’s rate of deforestation annually between 2015 and 2017, compared to estimates for 2000-15 and the protection of 20,052 ha every year on an average during 2015-2017.
- These estimates were drawn on data collected by the National Forest Authority.
REDD+ IN UGANDA
- In Uganda, the REDD+ program forms a part of the country’s National Climate Change Policy that aims for a harmonised and coordinated approach towards a climate-resilient and low-carbon development path for sustainable development.
- The country had launched its REDD+ programme in 2013.
SIGNIFICANT FOR AFRICA
- The submission of the is a significant development on REDD+ for Africa.
- This will encourage other African countries to reduce carbon emissions by decreasing deforestation and forest degradation.
- Achieving REDD+ results in the continent is challenging, as there are other development priorities — with agriculture, mining, energy and forestry — driving deforestation.
- Africa had the greatest annual rate of net forest loss, at 3.9 million ha, across the world in this decade.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN REDD+ AND UN-REDD ?
- Supporting African countries through all three REDD+ phases — readiness, implementation and result-based actions — by providing tools and analysis of how to design, implement and measure the results of REDD+ action is key to reversing these trends.
- This will, in turn, position Africa as the forest champion of the next decade.
SOURCES:DownToEarth | REDD+ Initiative by UNFCCC | UPSC