Regional Connectivity Scheme – UDAN 4.0 | UPSC

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Regional Connectivity Scheme - UDAN 4.0 | UPSC

Regional Connectivity Scheme – UDAN 4.0 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Work Towards Making UDAN Scheme Sustainable

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • 50 Unserved and Underserved Airports added Under UDAN
  • 4TH Anniversary of RCS-UDAN
MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Civil Aviation
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS numbers in the scheme are not important . Go through the information and the latest updates . That should suffice .

For MAINS go through the significance of the scheme . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

MoCA has stated that the stakeholders should work towards making the UDAN scheme sustainable on its own and improve its efficiency.

REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY SCHEME – UDAN 4.0

  • UDAN scheme has established the importance of travelling by air for common man specially to far flung areas.

The most important features of the scheme is that different agencies collaborated and synchronised their efforts towards the success of the scheme.

  • The UDAN routes feed the national network and the national routes further create new opportunities for the people across the country .

AIM

  • RCS-UDAN, “Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik” is a Government of India’s flagship program .

It aims to provide affordable, economically viable and profitable air travel on regional routes.

  • This Regional Connectivity Scheme offers unique opportunity to a common man to fly at an affordable price.
  • UDAN has played a major role in adding new airports and routes to the aviation landscape of the country.
  • 50 unserved and underserved airports (including 5 heliports) with 285 routes have been added under UDAN across the length and breadth of India.

IMPLEMENTATION

  • Airport authority of India, AAI has an ambitious plan to develop at least 100 airports/waterdromes/heliports by 2024 under the Scheme.

Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik (UDAN) was launched as a regional connectivity scheme under the Ministry of Civil Aviation in 2016.

  • The first flight under the UDAN scheme was flagged in 2017 from Bhubaneswar to Varanasi route.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • To make travel affordable and accessible to all.

It aims to boost inclusive national economic development by the development of air transport infrastructure in all regions and creation of job growth.

  • Ensuring connectivity to the under-served areas in the country by the revival of existing airports and airstrips
  • Ministry aims to operationalize around 1000 routes and develop more than 100 airports in the next five years.
  • The Ministry aims to achieve this by focusing on operationalizing routes in the priority areas.

FUNDING

  • The scheme will be jointly funded by the central government and state governments.

The scheme will run for 10 years and can be extended thereafter.

ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Three rounds of UDAN have already been undertaken and so far close to 50 lakh passengers have travelled in UDAN flights covering airports in 19 States and 2 UTs.

The Scheme has been able to fulfil the vision of Hon’ble Prime Minister and keep up the motto of “Sab Uden, Sab Juden” 

  • Civil Aviation Ministry has operationalised 274 UDAN routes that have connected 45 airports and three heliports. 
  • At least half of the seats in UDAN flights are offered at subsidized fares, and the participating carriers are provided a certain amount of VGF.

Regional Connectivity Scheme - UDAN 4.0 | UPSC

FOCUS

  • With focus on connectivity of North eastern region, UDAN 4.0 has invited bids for six underserved and 24 unserved airports/airstrips.
  • The underserved airports and airstrips in the list are at Passighat and Tezu (Arunachal Pradesh)Jorhat, Rupsi and Tezpur (Assam), and Shillong (Meghalaya).
  • As per the release, there are 24 underserved aerodromes in the region spread across Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura.

FLASHBACK

UDAN 1.0

  •  5 airlines companies were awarded 128 flight routes to 70 airports (including 36 newly made operational airports)

UDAN 2.0

  • This allowed the state governments to provide subsidy for international flights to be launched from their states.
  • In 2018, the Ministry of Civil Aviation announced 73 underserved and unserved airports.

For the first time, helipads were also connected under phase 2 of UDAN scheme.

  • 50 per cent seats on each flight will come at Rs 2,500 per seat for one-hour travel.

UDAN 3.0

  • Inclusion of Tourism Routes under UDAN 3 in coordination with the Ministry of Tourism.
  • The selected airline operator would have to provide a minimum of 9 and a maximum of 40 UDAN Seats (subsidized rates) .

UDAN 3.0 Included Seaplanes for connecting Water Aerodromes.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The civil aviation ministry said bids have been sought for six underserved and 24 unserved airports and airstrips in the North East region under the latest round of regional air connectivity scheme.
  • A water aerodrome in the region at Umrangso ReservoirAssam is also included.
  • The fourth round of bidding under the UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik) or regional air connectivity scheme commenced on December 3.
  • UDAN seeks to connect unserved and underserved airports as well as make flying more affordable.
     SOURCES: PIB | Regional Connectivity Scheme – UDAN 4.0 | UPSC

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