RIC Triangle is Important ? | UPSC

Spread the love

IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 29th July 2020

“The number one reason people fail in life is because they listen to their friends, family, and neighbors.” –Napoleon Hill

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL HUNT #109 :“RIC Triangle is Important ?

RIC Triangle is Important ? | UPSC

P.S. Raghavan
RIC Triangle is Important ?

P.S. Raghavan, a former diplomat, is Chairman of the National Security Advisory Board.

      HEADLINES:

RIC, a triangle that is still important

      CENTRAL THEME:

Calls for a westward shift in India’s foreign policy appear misplaced as engagement with Russia and China does matter

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      MAINS QUESTION:

RIC dynamics are sensitive to the configuration of the U.S.-Russia-China triangle. Comment -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • Role and Agenda of RIC
  • Multilateralism
  • Changing Equations in Indo-Pacific Region .

      INTRODUCTION: 

Last month a few eyebrows were raised when India decided to attend a (virtual) meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Russia, India and China (RIC).

The meeting reflected their divergent preoccupations.

  • CHINA : China did not see the irony in his call for opposing bullying practices, rejecting power politics and supporting the rule of law in international relations.
  • RUSSIA  : Russia criticised unilateral coercive measures to settle scores with geopolitical rivals and topple regimes.

India emphasised that for a durable world order, major powers should respect international law and recognise the legitimate interest of partners. 

      BODY: 

THE INITIAL YEARS

RIC dialogue commenced in the early 2000s.

  • MULTIPOLAR WORLD ORDER : The three countries were positioning themselves for a transition from a unipolar to a multipolar world order.
  • U.S STAND : All three countries considered their relationship with the United States an essential prop to their global ambitions.
  • SENTIMENTS : The RIC shared some non-West (as distinct from anti-West) perspectives on the global order, such as an emphasis on sovereignty and territorial integrity.
  • IMPACT : Their support for democratisation of the global economic and financial architecture moved to the agenda of BRIC (with the addition of Brazil).
  • INITIAL BOOST : The initial years of the RIC dialogue coincided with an upswing in India’s relations with Russia and China.
  • STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP : The advent of President Vladimir Putin reinforced the political, defence and energy pillars of the India-Russia strategic partnership.

SUBTEXT TO INDIA-U.S. TIES

  • SUDDEN BURST : India’s relations with the U.S. surged (rushed), encompassing trade and investment, a landmark civil nuclear deal .
  • DIVERSIFICATION OF DEPENDENCE : The above deal met India’s objective of diversifying military acquisitions away from a near-total dependence on Russia.
  • STRATEGIC SUB-TEXT : As China was rapidly emerging as a challenger to its global pre-eminence, the U.S. saw value in partnering with a democratic India in Asia.

EXPANSIONIST POLICIES

  • NEIGHBOURHOOD INFLUENCE : China went back on the 2005 agreement, launched the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, worked to undermine India’s influence in its neighbourhood .

As U.S.-Russia relations imploded in 2014 (after the annexation of Crimea)   

  • PUSHBACK : Russia’s pushback against the U.S. included cultivating the Taliban in Afghanistan and enlisting Pakistan’s support for it.

THE INDO-PACIFIC ISSUE

ELEPHANT IN THE RIC ROOM #INDO-PACIFIC

  • INDIA : Indo-Pacific is a geographic space of economic and security importance, in which a cooperative order should prevent the dominance of any external power.
  • CHINA : For China Indo-Pacific initiatives are part of a U.S.-led policy of containing China.
  • RUSSIA : Russia’s Foreign Ministry sees the Indo-Pacific as an American ploy to draw India and Japan into a military alliance against China and Russia.

TAMING THE ELEPHANT

  • EXPANDING LINKS : India’s focus should be on economic links with the Russian Far East .

EXAMPLE
Activation of a Chennai-Vladivostok maritime corridor may help persuade Russia that its interests in the Pacific are compatible. 

  • DILUTING DOMINANCE : The interests in diluting Chinese dominance in the Indo-Pacific; this also accords with President Putin’s concept of a Greater Eurasia.

      IASbhai Windup: 

AUTONOMY OF ACTION

  • INTENSIFIED MOVES : The current India-China stand-off has intensified calls for India to fast-track partnership with the U.S.
  • QUEST FOR AUTONOMY : India’s quest for autonomy of action is based on its geographical realities, historical legacies and global ambitions — not a residual Cold War mindset.

“Transformations in the external environment impacts ongoing political equations.”

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL | RIC Triangle is Important ? | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.