Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 | UPSC

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Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 | UPSC

Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Ministry of Jal Shakti celebrates Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 on occasion of Gandhi Jayanti with the distribution of Swachh Bharat Puraskar

      WHY IN NEWS:

Under the guidance & leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen has transformed rural India by manifesting into a Jan Andolan achieving Open Defecation Free milestone well before time: Shri Shekhawat

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Jal Shakti
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Awards : Scheme : SBM-G

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just remember the top names in the list . Names here are not important .

For MAINS go through the significance , behavioural changes , implementation and progress of the scheme throughout these six years.

      ISSUE: 

The Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 was celebrated on occasion of Gandhi Jayanti with the distribution of Swachh Bharat Puraskar by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

SWACHH BHARAT DIWAS 2020

SBM 2020

AIM

  • Swachh Bharat (2020) Awards is an initiative to recognise the best performing States/UTs, districts, blocks, GPs and others in various categories of cleanliness.

The campaigns marked six years of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) launch.

ORGANISERS

  • The awards were given at a virtual ceremony organized by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS).
  • It saw the online participation by Central, State and district Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBMG) officials.

TOP AWARDS

Top Awards were conferred upon Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab& others.

  • Gujarat was felicitated with the first prize in the state category.
  • Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu as best district.
  • Khachrod, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh as best block .
  • Chinnaur, (Salem) as the best Gram Panchayat for Swachh Sundar Samudayik Shauchalaya (SSSS) campaign organized from 1st Nov 2019 to 30th April 2020.

SWACHH SUNDAR SAMUDAYIK SHAUCHALAYA (SSSS)

  • The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) launched a six-month long campaignSwachh Sundar Samudayik Shauchalaya (SSSS).

It started from 1 November 2019 to 30 April 2020 to mobilize districts, blocks and villages to construct, paint and maintain their community toilets.

  • Around 27,447 community sanitary complexes (CSCs) were constructed and beautified.
  • The best performing state, district, block and GP were felicitated for their good work .

Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 | UPSC

SAMUDAYIK SHAUCHALAYA ABHIYAN (SSA)

  • Samudayik Shauchalaya Abhiyan (SSA) campaign ran from 15 June 2020 to 15 September 2020.
  • Under this, states, districts, and GPs were mobilized to construct CSCs .

So that everyone has access to safe sanitation facilities in rural India.

  • A total of around 17,645 CSCs were constructed.
  • Awards were given to the top state, district and GP.

Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 | UPSC

GANDAGI SE MUKT BHARAT CAMPAIGN

For the week-long Gandagi Se Mukt (GMB) campaign launched by Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi on 8th August 2020.

Telangana received the top award for maximum Shramdaan participation

  • Haryana was felicitated with the top award for declaring maximum ODF Plus villages and Moga district.
  • Borigaon, Bongaigaon, Assam received the best GP award.
  • Punjab received the top award for maximum IEC messages through wall paintings.
  • Under the Gandagi Mukt Bharat (GMB) painting and essay competition, more than 24.4 Lakh students participated.
  • In addition to this, various awards were given in multiple categories.

SWACHH BHARAT MISSION-GRAMIN

  • The SBMG has transformed rural India by manifesting into a Jan Andolan for sanitation.
  • It has achieved Open Defecation Free (ODF) rural India milestone in mission mode well before time.

Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020

  • Taking forward the extraordinary success, Phase II of the SBM (G) has been launched early this year.

SBM (G) focuses on ODF sustainability and Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) aiming at comprehensive cleanliness in villages.

  • Mass campaigns like SSSS, SSA, and GMB organized over last one year are complimenting the efforts for achieving ODF Plus objectives.

SIGNIFICANCE

The awards are recognition to worthy contributions made by community members for boosting the People’s movement.

  • Wall beautification activities and competitions were undertaken to increase maximum participation and interest.

Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020

  • On-site water facilities such as water tanks and pipes ensured toilet cleanliness and user safety.
  • Swachh initiatives enable access to clean water and basic toilets for every child too.

CSCs captured all sections of the society in the sanitation equation by enabling toilet access to local community.

  • To consolidate the gains made from India’s ODF status and access to WASH facilities, there must be sustained usage of toilets by all and at all times.
  • The ODF status of villages/ districts was proudly displayed on signboards – a joint feat of the community and local bodies.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen [SBM (G)] Phase II aims for ODF Plus villages .
  • It also focuses on bringing behaviour change of the masses to adopt better sanitation and hygiene practices.
  • Under the SSSS and SSA, community toilets were constructed and maintained by the community themselves.
  • Availability of functional toilets with water facilities ensured the safety, convenience and dignity of users.
  • Involvement of community members in the construction and maintenance of CSCs instilled a sense of ownership and pride in them.

This demands the design of information, education, and communication (IEC) approach.

  • This is unconventional but effective in triggering behaviour change in the communities.
  • Community mobilization is at the heart of this approach for triggering demand, promoting hygiene and creating awareness about toilets and SLWM .
  • Therefore, IEC strategies, planning, and their effective implementation are key to the success of the Mission.

FULL LIST OF AWARDSCLICK HERE

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Swachh Bharat Diwas 2020 | UPSC

 

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