Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II | UPSC

Spread the love

Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II_ UPSC

Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II

      HEADLINES:

Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II guidelines released

      WHY IN NEWS:

Safe toilets, with well managed black and grey water, are the need of the hour, particularly in rural areas

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:SCHEMES

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to understand the new parameters of SBM -II

For MAINS there are some bottlenecks when we converge a scheme and dilute the focus . Let us dive in !

MINISTRY? :- Union Ministry of Jal (water) Shakti

      ISSUE: 

The operational guidelines for the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM II) were released by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Union Ministry of Jal (water) Shakti on May 2020.  

Bottlenecks over the availability of water in toilets and solutions to make the mission a success are not explained int eh SBM II guidelines Photo: DTE

SWACHH BHARAT MISSION PHASE II

The guidelines hold significance as the country deals with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

  • The dumping of untreated faecal sludge has destroyed surface and ground water.
  • Safe toilets, with well-managed black and grey water, are the need of the hour.
  • The guidelines talk about building more toilets or community toilet complexes .
  • They also mention availability of adequate water or storage facilities of water for these toilets.

STRATEGIC FOCUS 

  The strategy focussed on proper implementation of solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) — plastic waste, organic waste, grey water, and faecal sludge — in rural areas.

  • They point out that first SBM I made the country’s districts open-defecation free (ODF) in October 2019.

FUNDING 

The programme will be implemented in close coordination and convergence with:

  • JJM for greywater management
  • Finance Commission funds for co-financing of assets
  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Act for dovetailing funds and functionaries
  • Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for skill development of field functionaries
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission for involving self-help groups as vehicles for behaviour change communication
  • New National Biogas Organic Manure Programme scheme of the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

BOTTLENECKS OF THIS MISSION :

  • They do not mention clearly how water availability to toilets will be connected.
  • Bottlenecks over the availability of water in toilets and solutions to make the mission a success are not explained either.
  • There is only a mention of recharging groundwater by greywater.
  • Gram Panchayats should converge village action plans (VAP) for SBM and Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
The convergence of schemes did not work in the building of the toilets.

This created a bottleneck in the progress of the toilet construction.

SUGGESTED READING : https://iasbhai.com/schemes/ 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB| Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Schemes for Prelims 2020

 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.