Swachh Survekshan Report 2020 | UPSC

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Swachh Survekshan Report 2020 UPSC

Swachh Survekshan Report 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Indore Creates Record by Winning Title of Cleanest City Fourth Time in A Row

      WHY IN NEWS:

Surat And Navi Mumbai Secure Second and Third Position Respectively

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Report

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the key highlights and focus areas .

For MAINS note down key innovations and the best practises .

      ISSUE: 

Swachh Survekshan Report 2020 Survey Released Along With Reports On Innovations And Best Practices And Report On Assessment Of Ganga Towns

SWACHH SURVEKSHAN REPORT 2020

  • MoHUA launched the sixth edition of the survey, Swachh Survekshan 2021.
  • Swachh Survekshan 2021 saw the introduction of a new performance category, the Prerak DAUUR Samman which has a total of five additional sub- categories –Divya (Platinum), Anupam (Gold), Ujjwal (Silver), Udit (Bronze), Aarohi (Aspiring). 

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • 1.87 crore citizen feedback received
  • 1.7 crore citizens registered on Swachhata App
  • Over 11 crore impressions on social media
  • Over 5.5 lakh sanitary workers linked to social welfare schemes and over 84,000 informal waste pickers integrated into the mainstream
  • Over 4 lakh contractual employees employed by Urban Local Bodies
  • Over 21,000 Garbage Vulnerable Points identified and transformed

More than 66 Lakhs Individual Household Toilets And Over 6 Lakhs Community/ Public Toilets Constructed  
 

  • Over 59,900 Toilets Across 2900+ Cities Made Live on Google Maps
  • Cities Of Indore, Ambikapur, Navi Mumbai, Surat, Rajkot And Mysuru Rated As 5-Star Cities, 86 Cities As 3-Star And 64 Cities As 1-Star

AIM

SS 2021 To Focus On Wastewater Treatment And Reuse Along With Faecal Sludge, Legacy Waste Management And Remediation Of Landfills

New Performance Category—”Prerak Dauur Samman” Introduced In SS 2021 .

KEY FOCUS AREAS

  • Collect segregated waste and maintain till processing site
  • Utilize capacity of wet waste processing facilities *
  • Treat and reuse wastewater
  • Follow 3R Principles: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
  • Curtail solid waste based Air Pollution
  • Uplift social condition of informal Waste Pickers
  • Promote procurement through GeM
  • Assess Ganga Towns separately to accelerate action
  • Engage Technology driven Monitoring
Swachh Survekshan Report 2020 | UPSC

SIGNIFICANCE

  • “Swachh Survekshan will continue to help us in sustaining the gains made under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban(SBM-U)

Thus it will be providing a comprehensive roadmap to institutionalize the concept of total Swachhata among all our cities.

  • While Indore won the coveted title of the Cleanest City of India, Surat and Navi Mumbai won the second and third position . ( > 1 lakh population category).
  • Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) has made significant progress in the area of both sanitation and solid waste management.
  • 4,324 Urban ULBs have been declared ODF.
  • 1,319 cities certified ODF+ and 489 cities certified ODF++ as per MoHUA’s sanitation protocols.
  • This has been made possible through construction of more than 66 lakhs individual household toilets and over 6 lakhs community/ public toilets.

Swachh Survekshan Report 2020

  • When the Swachh Bharat Mission- Urban (SBM-U) was launched in 2014, it was with the objective of making urban India 100% open defecation free (ODF) along with 100% scientific solid waste management.
  • A framework was therefore needed to bring about rigour in the progress in monitoring and a spirit of healthy competition amongst states and cities to improve their performance in key cleanliness parameters.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • As the performance of cities rightly show, we are well on our way to creating not just a Swachh’ (clean) but a ‘Swasth’ (healthy), ‘Sashakt’ (empowered),‘Sampann’ (prosperous) and Atmanirbhar (self-reliant) New India!”.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Swachh Survekshan Report 2020

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