Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

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Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Tele-Law touches a new milestone; 4 Lakh beneficiaries received legal advice under the initiative through CSC

      WHY IN NEWS:

2.05 lakh advices have been enabled during the first seven months of FY-20-21 as against total 1.95 lakh advices given till April 2020

MINISTRY? :- Ministry Of Law & Justice
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Schemes

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the scheme carefully . Note down aim , beneficiaries and eligibility criteria . There is a new concept here called CSC . We have mentioned it in conclusion part .

For MAINS access to justice has been simplified through a simple process . Open your Mains book and note down the implementation process . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

Embarking on the “Digital India Vision” ,Department of Justice has been harnessing “emerging” and “indigenous” digital platforms to accelerate and make access to justice a reality for all.

Tele scheme

OVERVIEW OF TELE-LAW

  • Department of Justice has partnered with NALSA and CSC e-Governance Service India Limited for mainstreaming legal aid to the marginalised communities through Common Services Center (CSC).

Tele-Law means the use of communications and information technology for the delivery of legal information and advice.

  • This e-interaction between lawyers and people would be through the video-conferencing infrastructure available at the CSCs.

AIM

The concept of Tele-Law is to facilitate delivery of legal advice through a panel of lawyers stationed at the state Legal Services Authorities (SALSA) and CSC

  • The project initiates to connect citizens with lawyers through video conferencing facilities by the Para-Legal Volunteers stationed at identified 1800 panchayat.

Tele-Law

Tele-Law upsc

Tele-Law

IMPLEMENTATION

Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS | SOURCES : TELE-LAW.IN

ELIGIBILITY

Citizens eligible for this scheme are :

Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

Persons not mentioned in the above list should pay 30 Rs fees and an address proof has to be presented.

SOURCES : TELE-LAW.IN

BENEFICIARIES

Tele Law service enables anyone to seek legal advice without wasting precious time and money.
 

  • The service is free for those are eligible for free legal Aid as mentioned under Section 12 of Legal Services Authority Act, 1987.
  • For all others a nominal fee of INR 30 Rs is charged.

COVERAGE

  • Since 2017 Tele law service has been provided in selected 1800 CSCs of 11 states.

Bihar (500), Uttar Pradesh (500), eight states of North-East (Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura and Sikkim) and Jammu and Kashmir (800).

  • At present Tele- Law service is available in 28060 CSCs in 115 Aspirational Districts across 28 states in the country.

CONSULTATION

Legal matters in which advice can be taken through Tele-Law service :-

  •  दहेज, पारिवारिक विवाद, तलाक, घरेलू हिंसा और रखरखाव(Domestic Violence)
  •  कार्यस्थल पर महिलाओं का यौन उत्पीड़न (Sexual Violence)
  •  भूमि विवाद, किरायेदारी और पट्टे,(Property disputes)
  •  संपत्ति और विरासत के अधिकार(Land Aquisition)
  •  समान कार्य के लिए समान वेतन, न्यूनतम मजदूरी(Minimum Wages)
  •  मातृत्व लाभ, गर्भावस्था की चिकित्सा समाप्ति, प्री और पोस्ट नेटल के दुरुपयोग की रोकथाम
  •  बाल विवाह यौन से बच्चों का संरक्षण अपराध ( Child marraiges )
  •  बाल श्रम / बंधुआ मजदूरी, शिक्षा का अधिकार (Child labour)
  •  एफआईआर, गिरफ्तारी, जमानत देना ( Arrest and detention)
  •  अनुसूचित जाति और अनुसूचित जनजाति के खिलाफ अत्याचार (Atrocities)

EXPANSION OF TELE-LAW PROGRAMME : ASPIRATIONAL DISTRICTS

  • Based on the wide response garnered in the pilot states and the urgency for the common man to receive legal advice as first step towards access to justice.
  • Tele-Law is one of the key programme of Department of Justice that has also been flagged as a part of 100 days programme of the newly constituted Government of India.

It is now aimed to expand the Tele-Law programme to the 115 Aspirational Districts across 28 states that are earmarked as pockets of under-development.

  • These 115 Districts have been described as Aspirational rather than backward so that they are viewed as islands of hope and opportunity rather than areas of distress and hopelessness.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The Aspirational Districts programme are being measured on the indices of education, health and nutrition, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion, basic infrastructure and skills.
  • Aspiring to fulfil the Government commitment of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaash, Sabka Vishwas there is a need to amalgamate “Sabka Nyaya” as a fourth pillar to empowerment and development in the country.
  • In this regard Department of Justice could act as a force multiplier on the desired outcomes in these Aspirational districts.

The scheme will be a new step towards – strengthening free legal aid in India. 

  • The Tele-Law programme would cover 28,060 CSCs in 115 Aspirational Districts across 28 States.
  • This will be in cooperation with National Legal Service Authority (NALSA),State / District Legal Service Authority and CSC e- Governance Service Limited.

Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

  • To ensure that this service is effectively used 28060, Tele-Law Para legal volunteers from within the communities would be engaged to act as bridge to connect the beneficiary with the Panel Lawyer.

 CSC e-GOVERNANCE SERVICES INDIA LIMITED

  • CSC e-Governance Services India Limited, a Special Purpose Vehicle.
  • It has been set up by the Ministry of Electronics & IT under the Companies Act, 1956 to oversee the implementation of the CSC scheme.

CSC SPV provides a centralized collaborative framework for delivery of services to citizens through CSCs.

  • It will also ensuring systemic viability and sustainability of the Scheme.
  • The Common Services Centers provide the last mile access to various e-governance services.

CSC’s OFFER

  • Access to e-services
  • Delivering essential government public utility services
  • Social welfare schemes
  • Financial inclusion services,
  • Health care and agriculture services.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

CSC AND DIGITAL LITERACY

  • CSCs have also been trying to bridge the gaps in digital literacy and skills of rural citizens.
  • Variety of literacy initiatives have been focused on digital, financial and legal literacy and e-learning and skill development courses.

Tele-Law Scheme UPSC IAS

Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

  • CSCs contribute to Government’s mandate of a digitally, socially and financially inclusive society .
  • This is by improving access to governance and services in rural and remote areas.

The objective of CSC is to integrate the twin goals of entrepreneurship and social services, into a sustainable business model in rural India.

  • Under the CSC 2.0 scheme initiated by the Ministry of Electronics & IT in 2015, at least one CSC is to be rolled out in each and every 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats across the country.
SUGGESTED READING : https://www.tele-law.in 
     SOURCES:  PIB  | Tele-Law Scheme | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : SCHEMES

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