The Learning Must Go On #Online Education | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 23rd Sep 2020

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.– Steve Jobs

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt ( The Learning Must Go On | UPSC )is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL HUNT #152 :“The Learning Must Go On | UPSC

The Learning Must Go On | UPSC

Rohit Dhankar
The Learning Must Go On | UPSC

Rohit Dhankar is Professor, Azim Premji University, Bengaluru, and Founder Secretary, Digantar, Jaipur, Rajasthan. The views expressed are personal

      HEADLINES:

E-learning in India, a case of bad education

      CENTRAL THEME:

In poorly performing educational systems as in the country, online learning may not usher in a revolution

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Education

      MAINS QUESTION:

Substantiate the online teaching learning hurdles the young generation is facing with the help of a proper framework. Also  -(GS 3)

      LEARNING: 

  • Quality of Online Education
  • Key Issues
  • Inequalities in education

      INTRODUCTION: 

Equality of opportunity to all is one of the basic principles of our Constitution.

  • PREVENTING GROWTH : (Read this line twice)-An environment in which some are limited will always in reaction create conditions that prevent the full development even of those who fancy they enjoy complete freedom for unhindered growth.
  • QUALITY OF EDUCATION : For good education, one must lead the child’s current interests and abilities organically to logically organised human knowledge.

      BODY: 

THE KEY ISSUES

  • INEFFICIENT EDUCATION SYSTEM : Our education system was never very efficient even in the best of times.

THE COVID-19 THRUST: The main thrust of providing learning opportunities while schools are shut is online teaching.

  • SET OF GUIDELINES : There are several sets of guidelines by National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for this purpose.
  • LEARNING MUST GO ON : The Internet space is teeming with learning schemes, teaching videos, sites and portals for learning opportunities.
  • ACADEMIC CALENDAR : The content issued is Alternative Academic Calendar videos of teaching, digital editions of textbooks, and links to other such material.
  • CONSIDERATIONS : There are three pertinent issues in this whole effort of online education and schemes that need serious consideration.

THESE ARE

  1. An exacerbation of inequality
  2. The pedagogical issues leading to bad quality education
  3. An unwarranted thrust on online education, post-COVID-19.

EXACERBATION OF INEQUALITY

  • UNDERPRIVILEGED : It is worth repeating a truism that calamities, be they natural or man-made, affect the underprivileged the hardest; COVID-19 is no exception.
  • COMPARATIVE DISADVANTAGE : A similar but less noticed deprivation is being visited to children of the vulnerable people, which may push them to comparative disadvantage.
  • MISSING TREND : In our society there is no large movement that may generate any hope of an improved situation in terms of equality and social justice.
  • FRAGMENTED APPROACH : These State plans to assume semi-literate or illiterate parents teaching children, community involvement, mobile pools, and so on.
  • THE ONLY ACCESS : As a result, whatever online or digital education is available is for students with only online access.
  • DIGITAL INDIA : Thus, digital India may become even more unequal and divided than it already is.

LEARNING ENHANCEMENT GUIDELINES

OPTIONS LEFT : However, its survey asks a single question on the feeling of students using the criteria of ‘joyful to burdensome’.

  • QUANTUM OF LEARNING : The happiness or otherwise of the student while learning is, of course, important, but it says nothing about the quantum and depth of learning.
  • HURDLES : Listening to lectures on the mobile phone, frequent disconnections and/or having blurred video/audio can hardly and organically connect the child’s present understanding with the logically organised bodies of human knowledge.

NO FOCUS ON CONCEPTS

  • POOR CONTENT : If one sees videos of teaching mathematics, science, history, and the English language, one can hardly avoid noticing problems with them.
  • AMBIGUITIES : In the science and mathematics videos, in particular, there are many misconceptions and ambiguities.
  • FACTUAL VS CONCEPTUAL : The emphasis is more on ‘tricks’ to remember for success in an examination than laying the stress on conceptual understanding.

The government of Delhi also uses videos by the Khan Academy.

  • QUALITY OF TEACHING : Many American educators have questioned the quality of teaching and have pointed out inadequate or plainly wrong concepts.
  • SECONDARY EDUCATION : The secondary students are in a better position still because of their relative independence in learning and possible self-discipline.

NEWBIES : The beginners in the lower primary can get nothing at all from this mode of teaching.

  • PEDAGOGY : Pen and newspapers in the hands of even ‘guided’ semi-literate parents will be good enough to present a plan on paper, but will be completely useless for the child’s learning.

THE THRUST, POST-COVID-19

  • NEW REVOLUTION : It has been presented as a harbinger of a revolution in education for more than three decades now.
  • ORIENTATION IS IMPORTANT : Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the classroom helps but has no benefits or negative impact in poorly performing systems.

Even if the pandemic will get over, its traces will be there and school education needs to remodel itself.

  • REMODELLING : Alternative modes of education for the whole academic session including Internet-based, radio, podcast, community radio, IVRS, TV DTH Channels, etc.” should be developed.

      IASbhai Windup: 

INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT

  • OVER-EMPHASIS : The importance of an institutional environment cannot be overemphasised when one thinks of online teaching.
  • STUDENTS PLAYGROUND : Even when the institutions function sub-optimally, students themselves create an environment that supports their growth morally, socially and intellectually in conversations and interactions with each other.
  • CLOSING GATES : The online mode of teaching completely forecloses this opportunity.
  • LOOSING EDUCATION GRIP : Our democracy and public education system have, as usual, left the neediest in the lurch and are providing bad education to those who matter.

Education requires well-connected, regular efforts that are incrementally building to help the child focus his attention and to provoke him to distinguish and to discriminate, and develop a habit of staying on task.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | The Learning Must Go On | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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