TRIFED | Tribes India | UPSC

TRIFED Tribes India UPSC

TRIFED | Tribes India | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Shri Arjun Munda launches Tribes India products on Gem and new website of TRIFED through video conference

      WHY IN NEWS:

Webinar-Be Vocal for Local and Go digital-TRIFED embarks on a massive digitisation drive to connect Tribals with mainstream held

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Tribal Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3: TRIBE : Minor forest produce

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through aim , objective and the approach of TRIFED. Aligned to the same are some scheme which we have already covered.

For MAINS sustainable livelihood for tribals is the mantra ! Do you have other approaches ? Scribe them in you mains answer book . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

  The livelihoods of the poor and marginalised communities have been seriously impacted and the tribals are some of the worst affected in these trying times.

TRIFED 

  • TRIFED was established in August 1987 under the Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 1984 by the Government of India as a National level Cooperative body. 
  • Under the administrative control of the then Ministry of Welfare of India.
  • TRIFED is mandated to ringing about socio-economic development of tribals of the country.

AIM

Focus is on institutionalising the trade of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) & Surplus Agricultural Produce (SAP) collected/ cultivated by them. 

  • TRIFED plays the dual role of both a market developer and a service provider.
  • TRIFED is involved actively in capacity building of the tribal people through sensitisation and the formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs).
  • The organisation also assists them in developing products for national and  international markets on a sustainable basis.

It empowers them with knowledge and tools to better their operations in a systematic, scientific manner and also assist them in developing their marketing approach.

BRANDING

  • TRIBES India is the brand under which the sourced handcrafted products from the tribal people are sold.
  • There are 120 TRIBES India outlets across the country, making it a sustainable and reliable brand.

PARTNERS

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs
  • Central Government Ministries
  • State Governments
  • Industry

OBJECTIVE

  • Promote sustainable livelihood systems for tribal people by  marketing development and ensuring remunerative price for their products.
  • Provide minimum support price and value addition of Non-Timber Forest Produce (Minor Forest Produce).
  • Empower them through meticulous capacity building.
  • Augment their resources substantially.
  • Develop marketing partnership with Central/State Government agencies.

APPROACH

The philosophy behind this approach is to empower tribal people with knowledge, tools and pool of information so that they can undertake their operations in a more systematic and scientific manner.
  • It involves capacity building of the tribal people through sensitization.
  • Formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and imparting training.
  • Exploring marketing possibilities in national as well as international markets.
  • Creating opportunities for marketing tribal products on a sustainable basis.
  • Creating a brand and providing other services.

ACTIVITIES

TRIFED undertakes activities with respect to its two main divisions viz.

  • Minor Forest Produce (MFP) development 
  • Retail Marketing and Development

a)MINOR FOREST PRODUCE (MFP) DEVELOPMENT

  • An important source of livelihood for tribal people are non-wood forest products, generally termed Minor Forest Produce (MFP).

NON-TIMBER FOREST PRODUCE
Bamboo, canes, fodder, leaves, gums, waxes, dyes, resins and many forms of food including nuts, wild fruits, honey, lac, and tussar.

  • The Minor Forest Produces provide both subsistence and cash income for people who live in or near forests.
  • They form a major portion of their food, fruits, medicines and other consumption items and also provide cash income through sales.

According to the Report of the National Committee on Forest Rights Act, 2011, an estimated 100 Million people derive their source of livelihood from the collection and marketing of Minor Forest Produce. 

b)RETAIL MARKETING AND DEVELOPMENT

  • TRIFED aims to improve the livelihood of the tribal communities by creating a sustainable market for tribal people.

It has a network of 14 regional offices across the country which identifies and source tribal products for marketing through its retail marketing network of 73 TRIBES INDIA outlets.

  • It has been undertaking sourcing of various handicraft, handloom and natural & food products through TRIFED .
  • It has established a chain of 35 own showrooms and 8 consignment showrooms in association with State level Organisations promoting tribal handicrafts.

ACTIVITIES

EMPANELMENT OF TRIBAL PRODUCER/TRIBAL ARTISANS

  • Approaching district Collectors /ITDA and district level officers who work with tribal artisans.
  • Contacting craft persons.
  • Artisans who have been trained by TRIFED and other organisations.
  • Field visits and organising of Tribal Artisan Melas (TAMs) .

VANDHAN VIKAS KARYAKRAM

  • The collection and sale of MFPs contribute to roughly 40% to 60% of the annual earnings of the tribal people, women in particular.
  • Women in tribal areas are the ones who primarily collect, process, use and sell the minor forest produces.

  TRIFED is the nodal agency for implementing the MSP for Minor Forest Produce (MSP) Scheme and the Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY)
 

BACKROUND

  • The Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes Commission appointed by the President of India on 28 April 1960 pursuant to Article 339 of the Constitution of India.
  • In its report of 14 October 1961 stated that “As these groups are presumed to form the oldest ethnological sector of the population, the term “Adivasi” (‘Adi’= original and ‘Vasi’= inhabitant) has become current among certain people.
  • The Government of India has initiated a number of steps to develop socio economic conditions of tribal population in the country. 
  • One of those initiatives led to the formation of Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED).

  The International Labour Organization has classified such people as “indigenous”.

EXISTENCE

  Coming into existence in 1987, TRIFED is a national-level apex organisation functioning under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs

  • TRIFED has its Head Office located in New Delhi and has a network of 15 Regional Offices located at various places in the country.

A GLANCE AT THE MARKETPLACE

TRIFED Tribes India

TRIFED Tribes India UPSC

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“Trifed Warriors”will take Tribal Commerce based on forest produces, handlooms & handicrafts to a new high for transforming tribal lives and livelihoods.

SUGGESTED READING : www.tribesindia.com 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | TRIFED | Tribes India | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important GS-1 Issues

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