U.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask Diplomacy | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 16th July 2020

“Success is liking yourself, liking what you do, and liking how you do it.” –Maya Angelou

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL HUNT #105 :“U.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask Diplomacy | UPSC

U.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask DiplomacyU.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask Diplomacy | UPSC

Lindsey W. Ford & Julian Gewirtz

Lindsey W. Ford is a David M. Rubenstein Fellow at the Brookings Institution. Julian Gewirtz is an Academy Scholar at Harvard University’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs.

      HEADLINES:

China’s post-COVID aggression is reshaping Asia

      CENTRAL THEME:

Its moves are spurring support for coordination between other Indo-Pacific partners, with their desire for U.S. leadership

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: 3 : Trade : International Relations

      MAINS QUESTION:

Mask Diplomacy has tied up Global Economies and the Supply Chain. Discuss the role of participants to tackle Chinese hegemony. -(GS 3)

      LEARNING: 

  • Understanding regional politica.
  • What leadership skills should come in?
  • Role of countries .

      INTRODUCTION: 

China’s coronavirus “mask diplomacy” has given way to tense geopolitical confrontations.

  • India’s deadly encounter with China in the Galwan Valley is not an outlier in Beijing’s recent behaviour in Asia.
  • Chinese growing array of its neighbours, from stand-offs with Vietnam and Malaysia in the South China Sea to threatening Australia with boycotts of wine, beef, barley, and Chinese students.

      BODY: 

CATALYST FOR CHANGE

  • BLATANT AGGRESSIVENESS : Beijing’s blatant (Obvious) aggressiveness is accelerating long-standing debates and spurring support for closer coordination between other Indo-Pacific partners.
  • SPANNING EXPOSURE : Governments have all taken concrete steps to reduce their economic exposure to Beijing, spanning investment, manufacturing, and technology.
  • NEW AGREEMENTS : India and Australia recently inked a new military logistics agreement in the “virtual summit” .
  • QUAD DIALOGUES : The Quadrilateral Dialogue between Australia, India, Japan, and the United States is growing stronger and even expanding.
  • ASEAN STATEMENT :  ASEAN Foreign Ministers insisted that maritime disputes must be resolved in accordance with the UN Law of the Sea treaty.

AMERICA AND GEOPOLITICS

  • NEW GEO-POLITICS : If crises and wars tend to be the crucibles in which new orders and institutions are forged, — COVID-19 may be remaking the geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific.
  • CAUTIOUS SLIDE : The ongoing crisis seems to have imbued countries in the region with a new seriousness of purpose about the risks of a slow slide toward Chinese hegemony.

AMERICAN MULTILATERALISM FOCUS

  • More coordination among allies
  • Pushback against online disinformation
  • Better integrate like-minded economies and
  • Global supply chains.

LEADERSHIP CRISIS : At the same time, the crisis is also raising renewed questions about the durability of American leadership.

WHAT THE U.S. NEEDS TO DO

American leaders should recall the long-standing resonance of the Non-Aligned Movement in a region that resists a “new Cold War” framing.

  • SUPPORT STRATEGY : First, U.S. policy needs to start supporting, rather than attempting to commandeer, regional efforts to build a less China-centric future for the Indo-Pacific.
  • SPACE FOR ACTIONS : U.S. leadership would be far more effective if it worked with Indo-Pacific partners on the issues that they prioritise and provided them significant space for independent action.

WOLF WARRIOR
Washington should avoid repeating Beijing’s mistakes and offer a clear alternative in word and deed to China’s “Wolf Warrior” diplomacy

  • As Beijing’s confidence in its growing material and military power solidifies, its neighbours will need to think carefully about the long-term decisions necessary to preserve an open regional order.

      IASbhai Windup: 

U.S. VERSUS CHINA

  • INDO-PACIFIC DESIRES : The desire for U.S. leadership remains strong, with the U.S. still viewed more favourably than China.
  • BETTER CO-ORDINATION : Facing the unprecedented health and economic crises , the U.S. and Asian partners will need to coordinate more closely than ever.
  • BUILDING RESILIENCE : They have a unique chance to build more equal and capable regional partnerships and institutions in the long recovery ahead.

OPPORTUNITIES AHEAD

  • Asian countries, too, have an opportunity to continue strengthening their own regional networks.
  • American and Asian leaders should recognising that stronger regional coordination is the need of hour .
       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL | U.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask Diplomacy | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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