IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 16th July 2020
“Success is liking yourself, liking what you do, and liking how you do it.” –Maya Angelou
EDITORIAL HUNT #105 :“U.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask Diplomacy | UPSC“
Lindsey W. Ford & Julian Gewirtz
Lindsey W. Ford is a David M. Rubenstein Fellow at the Brookings Institution. Julian Gewirtz is an Academy Scholar at Harvard University’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs.
China’s post-COVID aggression is reshaping Asia
Its moves are spurring support for coordination between other Indo-Pacific partners, with their desire for U.S. leadership
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: 3 : Trade : International Relations
Mask Diplomacy has tied up Global Economies and the Supply Chain. Discuss the role of participants to tackle Chinese hegemony. -(GS 3)
- Understanding regional politica.
- What leadership skills should come in?
- Role of countries .
- India’s deadly encounter with China in the Galwan Valley is not an outlier in Beijing’s recent behaviour in Asia.
- Chinese growing array of its neighbours, from stand-offs with Vietnam and Malaysia in the South China Sea to threatening Australia with boycotts of wine, beef, barley, and Chinese students.
CATALYST FOR CHANGE
- BLATANT AGGRESSIVENESS : Beijing’s blatant (Obvious) aggressiveness is accelerating long-standing debates and spurring support for closer coordination between other Indo-Pacific partners.
- SPANNING EXPOSURE : Governments have all taken concrete steps to reduce their economic exposure to Beijing, spanning investment, manufacturing, and technology.
- NEW AGREEMENTS : India and Australia recently inked a new military logistics agreement in the “virtual summit” .
- QUAD DIALOGUES : The Quadrilateral Dialogue between Australia, India, Japan, and the United States is growing stronger and even expanding.
- ASEAN STATEMENT : ASEAN Foreign Ministers insisted that maritime disputes must be resolved in accordance with the UN Law of the Sea treaty.
AMERICA AND GEOPOLITICS
- NEW GEO-POLITICS : If crises and wars tend to be the crucibles in which new orders and institutions are forged, — COVID-19 may be remaking the geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific.
- CAUTIOUS SLIDE : The ongoing crisis seems to have imbued countries in the region with a new seriousness of purpose about the risks of a slow slide toward Chinese hegemony.
AMERICAN MULTILATERALISM FOCUS
- More coordination among allies
- Pushback against online disinformation
- Better integrate like-minded economies and
- Global supply chains.
WHAT THE U.S. NEEDS TO DO
- SUPPORT STRATEGY : First, U.S. policy needs to start supporting, rather than attempting to commandeer, regional efforts to build a less China-centric future for the Indo-Pacific.
- SPACE FOR ACTIONS : U.S. leadership would be far more effective if it worked with Indo-Pacific partners on the issues that they prioritise and provided them significant space for independent action.
- As Beijing’s confidence in its growing material and military power solidifies, its neighbours will need to think carefully about the long-term decisions necessary to preserve an open regional order.
U.S. VERSUS CHINA
- INDO-PACIFIC DESIRES : The desire for U.S. leadership remains strong, with the U.S. still viewed more favourably than China.
- BETTER CO-ORDINATION : Facing the unprecedented health and economic crises , the U.S. and Asian partners will need to coordinate more closely than ever.
- BUILDING RESILIENCE : They have a unique chance to build more equal and capable regional partnerships and institutions in the long recovery ahead.
- Asian countries, too, have an opportunity to continue strengthening their own regional networks.
- American and Asian leaders should recognising that stronger regional coordination is the need of hour .
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL | U.S.A Vs CHINA | Mask Diplomacy | UPSC