UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 12th May 2020

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Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 12th May 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS2020.

Work like there is someone working 24 hours a day to take it all away from you.– Mark Cuban

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Bharosa Helpline

      HEADLINES:

Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launches Central University of Odisha Helpline “Bharosa” on Cognitive Emotional Rehabilitation Services for University Students of Odisha

      WHY IN NEWS:

To relieve the distress of student community during the troubled time of the COVID-19 pandemic, Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched Central University of Odisha Helpline “Bharosa” and its Helpline Number 08046801010 through a virtual platform today in New Delhi.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Human Resource Development
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health: HRD

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just remember the aim of this helpline . That’s it !

      CONTEXT: 

AIM : 

  • The helpline aims at providing Cognitive Emotional Rehabilitation Services to all University Students of Odisha.
  • Minister also urged the Central and State Universities and other Institutions of Higher Education across the country to emulate the Bharosa initiative.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Helpline ‘Bharosa’ addresses the concerns of any student of any University in Odisha and added that over 400 calls have been received in the Pilot phase of the CUO Helpline.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Real Time Quantitative Micro PCR System

      HEADLINES:

Technology Centres Now Manufacturing Critical Parts of Real Time Quantitative Micro PCR System

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Machine Can Give COVID-19 Test Result in Less Than One Hour

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases : Recent Innovations

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS watch the video for crystal clear concept !

      ISSUE: 

Technology Centres, Bhubaneswar, Jamshedpur and Kolkata of the Ministry of MSME are now manufacturing critical parts of Real Time Quantitative Micro PCR System for AMTZ, Vishakhapatnam.
  • This machine can give COVID 19 test results in less than 1 hour (normal test result takes minimum 24 hours) and has been designed by a private MSME enterprise.
  • These machines are compact and may be taken for testing Anywhere, Anytime, Real-time.
  • 150 Testing Machine components have already been supplied to AMTZ.
  • The stainless steel components having an accuracy of 5 micron are being manufactured on the best machines of the world.
  • The technology centres have been active in the present COVID crisis working on supporting the manufacture of medical equipment, PPE, mask, sanitiser etc

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This Corona Testing Device will be helpful to carry out testing affordable cost.
  • The manufacture of the machine was made possible with active collaboration and support by the Technology Centres of the Ministry of MSME located at Bhubaneswar, Jamshedpur and Kolkata.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

Aarogya Setu data protocol norms issued

      HEADLINES:

Aarogya Setu data protocol norms issued

      WHY IN NEWS:

Empowered Group Chairman says privacy protection is the primary consideration for the app

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases :Digital India

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this article is answer to all your previous queries on Privacy Issues related to this App .

For MAINS there are still concerns like the application program is not a open source code . What is your opinion on server capacity and data sharing capabilities of this app ?

      ISSUE: 

Data of nearly 13,000 Aarogya Setu App users who have tested positive for COVID-19 have so far been transferred to the server for health intervention, says Ajay Sawhney, Chairman, Empowered Group on Technology and Data Management.

 

  • On Monday, he issued an order notifying the Aarogya Setu Data Access and Knowledge Sharing Protocol, 2020, that lays down the guidelines for collection, processing, storage and sharing of “anonymised” data.
  • Stating that Aarogya Setu had contributed immensely to the fight against COVID-19, Mr. Sawhney said privacy protection was the primary consideration while developing the app.
  • It stores an encrypted signature when the user comes in proximity with other registered devices.
  • This interaction information is not pushed to the server unless the user tests positive.

TILL 60 DAYS

  • He said the encrypted data of all users, stored in their devices, got deleted automatically in 30 days.

Data of the users who undergo tests were kept for 45 days and for those who had tested positive, it was stored in the server till 60 days from the day they recovered from the illness.

  • Based on the data of fewer than 13,000 users who tested positive, alerts were sent to 1.4 lakh users.
  • Mr. Sawhney said that upon sign-up, every app user was assigned a unique randomised anonymous device ID.
  • All communications between two devices and between the device and the server was done using that ID.
  • No personal detail was used or shared with anyone.
  • The location data was used in case the person tested positive, only to map places the user visited in the past 14 days, for sanitisation and testing of people to prevent further spread.

HOT SPOTS

  • The information was combined with self-assessment data to identify the areas that were likely to turn into a hotspot.
  • The details were shared with district and State authorities for timely preventive steps.
  • The tool had helped in identification of 697 such potential hotspots.
  • The protocol states that the contact and location data will, by default, remain on the device on which the app is installed.
  • It may be uploaded to the server only for the purpose of formulating or implementing appropriate health responses.

The contact, location and self-assessment data, collected by the National Informatics Centre (NIC), will not be retained beyond the period necessary to satisfy the purpose for which it is obtained.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The period, unless a specific recommendation to this effect is made, will not ordinarily extend beyond 180 days from the date on which it is collected, after which it will be permanently deleted, it says.

Demographic data of an individual, collected by the NIC, will be retained for as long as the Protocol remains in force or if the individual requests that it be deleted, for a maximum of 30 days from such request, whichever is earlier.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

‘India part of race to develop a vaccine’

      HEADLINES:

‘India part of race to develop a vaccine’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Principal Scientific Adviser says 30 ‘attempts’ on in the country, which is participating in global efforts

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this is just an eye opener ! Let us know the current efforts by DST in the fields of vaccines.

For MAINS do you think there is a serious problem with funds for development of vaccines in India ?

      ISSUE: 

There are nearly 30 “attempts” from India to develop vaccines, K .VijayRaghavan, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Union government, said at an online web conference on Friday.
  • “There are over a 100 vaccines being developed worldwide and at least 30 attempts in India.

NIV INITIATIVE

  • On Saturday, the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) announced a collaboration with the Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech International Ltd.to develop a potential vaccine based on a SARS-CoV-2 strain isolated at the ICMR-National Institute of Virology in Pune.
  • The Pune-based Serum Institute of India has tied up with Oxford University that is testing a vaccine using a weakened adenovirus (which causes common cold).
  • Bharat Biotech is also involved in two other vaccine development projects with different groups.

TEST KITS

  • At the webinar, Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST, said a major thrust was to develop antibody tests that would help with a graded exit out of the lockdown.
  • On Saturday, the Health Ministry announced the development of an ELISA antibody test kit that would help in district-level sero-surveillance.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This is a cruder but cheaper way of checking a sample of the population to determine exposure to the virus.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

SwasthVayu

      HEADLINES:

NAL makes ventilator for non-ICU COVID-19 cases

      WHY IN NEWS:

It used a spinoff aerospace technology to make the device

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases:Recent Innovations

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS remember the name and operation !

      CONTEXT: 

The ventilator, SwasthVayu, is cost-effective and compact, says NAL.

KEY FEATURES :

The National Aerospace Laboratories, Bengaluru, on Monday said it had developed its version of BiPAP, a non-invasive breathing support device, for the use of non-critical non-ICU cases of COVID-19.

  • The portable ventilator, named SwasthVayu, was developed in a record 36 days, a release said.
  • “This is ideal for treating COVID-19 patients in wards, makeshift hospitals, dispensaries and at home in the current Indian scenario.”
  • NAL said its BiPAP, with an externally connected oxygen concentrator, would be ideal to treat moderate or mid-stage severe COVID-19 patients who do not require intubation and invasive ventilation.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • NAL said its machine was simple to use.
  • It was cost-effective, compact and configured mostly with indigenous components.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

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