UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 26th May 2020

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 26th May 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

You just can’t beat the person who never gives up.– Babe Ruth

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Heatwave

      HEADLINES:

Heatwave sweeps north India

      WHY IN NEWS:

At 47 degrees Celsius, Churu records highest temperature

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Geography:Weather

      ISSUE: 

  The heat was due to dry northwesterly winds prevailing over northwest and central India.

What we know India is already experiencing a warming climate.
What could happen Unusual and unprecedented spells of hot weather are expected to occur far more frequently and cover much larger areas.

Under 4°C warming, the west coast and southern India are projected to shift to new, high-temperature climatic regimes with significant impacts on agriculture.

What can be done With built-up urban areas rapidly becoming “heat-islands”, urban planners will need to adopt measures to counteract this effect.

WHAT IS HEAT STROKE ?

  • Heatstroke is a serious condition and can be fatal. Symptoms include dizziness, mental changes, and nausea.
  • If the body temperature rises above 40° Celsius, and the body loses the ability to cool down, it is considered to be heatstroke.
  • Some people are more susceptible to heatstroke, including young people, older adults and overweight individuals.
  • Heatstroke can be brought on by physical exertion in hot conditions, or simply by being in a hot environment

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

TREATMENT:

  • Immersion: The person with heatstroke is submerged in cold water or an ice bath.
  • Evaporation cooling: Cold water is misted onto the skin while warm air is fanned onto the body. This causes evaporation, which cools the skin.
  • Cooling blankets and ice packs: Cooling blankets are wrapped around the individual with heatstroke.
  • Muscle relaxants: Drugs, such as benzodiazepines, may be given if the body temperature is not dropping. These prevent the body from shivering in response to the cold treatments.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Purandara Dasa

      HEADLINES:

Karnataka govt. takes efforts to solve mystery over birthplace of Purandara Dasa

      WHY IN NEWS:

Though it was widely believed that the mystic poet was born in Purandharagad, Maharashtra, many in Malnad claim that he hailed from the region

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Music:Carnatic

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this can be a question in Prelims ! It has huge potential . Go into little depth !

      ISSUE: 

Going back in time: An ancient temple near Keshavapura in Tirthahalli taluk of Karnataka.

PURANDARA DASA :

To explore definitive archaeological evidences that may put an end to speculations regarding the birthplace of Purandara Dasa, hailed as father figure of Carnatic music, the Department of Archaeology, Heritage and Museums will soon commence field research work at Keshavapura in Araga Grama Panchayat of Tirthahalli taluk in Karnataka.

  • As ‘Purandara Vithala’ was the pen name of his compositions, it was widely believed that the mystic poet was born in Purandharagad, Maharashtra.
  • According to historians, Araga in Malnad was a buzzing commercial centre during the Vijayanagar rule, the period to which the poet belonged to.
  • Referring to the names of the places in the vicinity of Keshavapura — Varthepura, Vithalanagundi, Dasanagadde, it was argued that these places were inhabited by merchant community influenced by the Vaishnava tradition to which Purandara Dasa belonged.
  • Prior to his initiation to Haridasa tradition, Purandara Dasa was a rich merchant and was called as Srinivasa Nayaka.

   Puranadara Dasa was born in Malnad point out that ‘Nayaka’ title was attributed to locally influential people, including wealthy merchants in Malnad during the Vijayanagar rule.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Archaeology experts would visit Araga and surrounding villages for preliminary research soon.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Kerala team nets silver fish

      HEADLINES:

Kerala team nets silver fish in Velankanni

      WHY IN NEWS:

The new freshwater species, Puntius sanctus, grows to only 7 cm

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Fauna

      ISSUE: 

Velankanni in Tamil Nadu has thrown up a new species of small freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae.

Puntius sanctus.

KEY FACTS :

  • The silver-hued fish has been christened Puntius sanctus — ‘sanctus’ is Latin for holy — after the popular pilgrim town.
  • Encountered in a small waterbody in Velankanni, Puntius sanctusgrows to a length of 7 cm.
  • It is used both as food and as an aquarium draw.
  • “The Puntius species are known locally as ‘Paral’ in Kerala and ‘Kende’ in Tamil Nadu.
  • Its physical characteristics included a protractible mouth, a pair of maxillary barbels (a sensory organ near the snout), 24-25 lateral line scales and 10 pre-dorsal scales.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

While the genus shows great species richness in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the specimen from Velankanni bears “distinct differences” from its Puntius cousins.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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