UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 28th April 2020

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IASbhai DAILY UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS  (THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS2020.

All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them. – Walt Disney

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Centre withdraws rapid testing kits

      HEADLINES:

Coronavirus update: Centre withdraws rapid testing kits

      WHY IN NEWS:

Delhi HC reins in profiteering in the name of COVID-19

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health: Technology

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS know the working methodology of these kits .

For MAINS are these signs of a new trade war ?

      ISSUE: 

Government of India April 27, 2020 withdrew rapid antibody tests for the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).

 

  • The Centre earlier positioned 500,000 rapid testing kits purchased initially and 200,000 bought subsequently the most important surveillance tool.
  • “ICMR has also evaluated the kits of Guangzhou Wondfo Biotech and Zhuhai Livzon Diagnostics in field conditions.
The results have shown wide variation in their sensitivity, despite early promise of good performance for surveillance purposes.
  • ” It advised states to stop using the kits and return them to suppliers.
  • It also advised states to continue with the RT-PCR kits.
  • A central press release claimed there would be no monetary loss as the kits were not paid for.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The proportion of serious / critical patients among the active cases remained unchanged at 3 per cent.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 How south Asia can prepare itself: COVID-19, climate collide

      HEADLINES:

When COVID-19, climate collide: How south Asia can prepare itself

      WHY IN NEWS:

Careful planning is needed to avoid major damage, while marshalling resources towards limiting the spread of COVID-19

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3:Health:Diseases:Climate Change

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS disaster management and preparedness has been mentioned in this article . Just dive in !

For MAINS note down the combined preparation mentioned ! i.e COVID-19 and disaster management together .

      ISSUE: 

Countries in south Asia are bracing themselves for an onslaught of climate disasters, as if managing the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is not enough.

Normal to above-average monsoon rainfall could bring floods to parts of the country from June as well Photo: Wikimedia Commons

 

  • April is the prime month for cyclones to strike India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, while central and southern India are forecast to heat up faster than usual this spring, making heatwaves more likely.
  • Normal to above-average monsoon rainfall could bring floods to parts of the country from June as well.
Careful planning is needed to avoid major damage to crops, homes and infrastructure, while marshalling resources towards limiting the spread of COVID-19.
  • Cyclones are the most pressing problem: Meteorological forecasts based on satellite technology indicate that a large expanse of northeast India and Bangladesh are set to experience extremely high rainfall and thunderstorms in the coming two weeks.

METEOROLOGICAL FORECASTS INDICATING APPROACHING CYCLONE:

Source: www.ventusky.com

MATURING CROPS (SEEN IN DARK GREEN AREAS)

Source: IMWI

  • North and northwest states in India, for example, have already struggled to harvest and sell summer wheat, fruit and vegetable crops because of lockdown measures disrupting food production activities.
  • If the cyclone damages later-ripening crops in more eastern parts, it will place even more pressure on the agricultural sector, and threaten the livelihoods and welfare of poor smallholder farmers, with likely knock-on effects for revenue-raising food exports and food prices.

RISK FROM MULTIPLE NATURAL HAZARDS COMBINED WITH POPULATION EXPOSURE

                                                                               Source: IMWI

CONFIRMED COVID-19 CASES ACROSS NORTHEAST INDIA AND BANGLADESH AS ON APRIL 23                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Source: National Disaster Management Authority, India

 

  • Bihar — India’s most flood-prone state — will need to prepare a joint response to COVID-19 and flooding, as well as safely housing people whose homes are inundated, without increasing their risk of contracting COVID-19.
  • In Sri Lanka — where IWMI’s headquarters are located — the monsoon brings rain between May and July.
  • The number of mosquito-borne Dengue fever cases often greatly increases, wherever storm water is released in urban canals.
  • The western, southern and central regions that the monsoon affects are also worryingly forecast to be the most vulnerable to COVID-19.
  • In the past two decades, more than 750 million people in South Asia have been affected by at least one natural disaster.
  • Countries need to get ahead of the coming crises by moving quickly on act on these recommendations.
  • Only early action, heavy allocation of resources and smart planning will make sure we can avoid collapse of medical, economic and food systems.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Here are the recommendations for managing climate disasters concurrently with COVID-19:

  • Integrate multiple hazard and COVID-19 hotspots to inform disaster preparedness and response strategies for monsoon planning.
  • Minimise the burden on hospitals arising from other hazards (by treating COVID-19 patients separately)
  • Revise standard operating procedures (SOPs) for managing cyclone shelters, with the participation of communities.
  • Strengthen capacities and resources for preparing for other hazards.For example, explore the possibility of using schools and colleges (with social distancing) as temporary shelters.
  • Advise disaster response forces on protecting themselves from COVID-19.
  • Establish protocols for their protection and provide personnel with appropriate PPE and psycho-social support
  • Establish support networks (with social distancing) for providing food and financial relief for the most vulnerable
  • Strengthen hospital preparedness, including access to sanitation and quality water, to protect functionality when natural disasters strike.
Establish capability for rapid response mapping, incorporating GIS data for hospital and health center locations, connectivity, schools and colleges, and other community facilities. Ex:This can include supporting the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap team
  • Form multiple-hazard response teams with wide-ranging expertise and the capacity to respond rapidly to both, COVID-19 and natural disasters.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Chakmas and Hajongs need help

      HEADLINES:

Chakmas and Hajongs need help: rights group

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘Their ration cards were seized in 1991’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Tribes

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS try to differentiate these tribes on basis of features and try to remember them . It is important .

      ISSUE: 

A Delhi-based rights body has sought Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s intervention in ensuring food for the Chakma and Hajong communities in Arunachal Pradesh who have allegedly not been included in the government relief economic package.
  • The Chakmas and Hajongs, displaced in the 1960s by violence and a dam in erstwhile East Pakistan, were settled in parts of Arunachal Pradesh.

CHAKMA PEOPLE :

  • The Chakma people, are a native group from the eastern-most regions of the Indian subcontinent, they are the largest ethnic group in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region in southeastern Bangladesh, and in Mizoram, India (Chakma Autonomous District Council), they are the second largest ethnic group, and in Tripura.
  • In India, they are the fourth largest ethnic group, and having sizable population in other parts of Northeast India, such as, 40-50 thousand Chakmas in Arunachal Pradesh, India, who migrated there in 1964 after the Kaptai dam tragedy, and 20-30 thousand Chakmas are in Assam, India.
  • Their ethnicity is closely linked with the peoples of East Asia.
  • However, the Chakma language (written in the Chakma script) is part of the Indo-Aryan language family of the Indian subcontinent.
  • Most Chakma people are adherents of Therevada Buddhism.
  • The Chakmas are divided into 46 clans or Gozas.
  • The community is headed by the Chakma Raja, whose status as a tribal head has been historically recognized by the Government of British India and the Government of Bangladesh.

HAJONGS:

  • The Hajong are a tribal group native to the Indian subcontinent, notably in the northeast Indian states and Bangladesh.
  • The majority of the Hajongs are settled in India. Hajongs are predominantly rice farmers. Hajong have the status of a Scheduled Tribe in India.
  • The Hajong belong to the Indo-Tibetan group. Hajongs are ethnically related to Garo and Koch, Garos after using plough introduced themselves as Hajong and the Hajongs after giving up non-hindu practices became Koch.
  • The Hajongs are Hindus and observe Hindu rites and customs. 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“The Chakmas and Hajongs do not have ration cards as the State government had illegally and arbitrarily seized those through an order on October 25, 1991”.

Hence the two communities have been forced to buy rice at ₹29 a kg while other vulnerable sections have been paying ₹5 per kg, as per the economic package announced by the State government on April 12.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Low-cost aerosol box, face shields

      HEADLINES:

ITI makes low-cost aerosol box, face shields

      WHY IN NEWS:

While the Berhampur institute is closed for students, staff members are at work

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Science and technology:Innovation

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just get familiar with this equipment.

      ISSUE: 

The government-run Industrial Training Institute (ITI) in Odisha’s Berhampur has prepared low-cost ‘aerosol box’ and ‘face shields’ for the medical staff involved in the treatment of COVID-19 patients.

 

AEROSOL BOX :

  • The market price of an ‘aerosol box’ is ₹10,000, whereas the ITI-Berhampur has made it at a cost of ₹3,000.
  • Each ‘face shield’ is sold for ₹200, while its production cost at ITI-Berhampur is just ₹11.
  • These ‘aerosol boxes’ and ‘face shields’ will be provided to COVID-19 hospitals in Ganjam district.

FEATURES:

An ‘aerosol box’ is a transparent box with holes to enter gloved hands, which is put over the head of a COVID-19 patient placed on ventilator in ICU during the intubation process.
  • The ‘aerosol box’ serves as a barrier to check possible transmission of COVID-19 droplets from the patient to the treating doctors during intubation.
  • The ‘aerosol box’ is made of 4 mm transparent acrylic sheets cut by a laser cutting machine to make the joints completely airtight.
The ‘face shields’ are A4 transparent shield with foam-lined elastic bands to keep them attached to the head of the user.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • These are reusable after sanitisation.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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