UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 28th May 2020

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 28th May 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

If you can’t, you must. If you must, you can.– Tony Robbins

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

COVID Katha

      HEADLINES:

NCSTC brings out popular COVID Katha in Hindi

      WHY IN NEWS:

COVID Katha: A multimedia guide for mass awareness

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Education:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

  The National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science & Technology (DST) in association with Dr. Anamika Ray Memorial Trust, has brought out the Hindi version of the Popular Multimedia Guide for Mass Awareness carrying important information on A-to-Z of COVID-19 pandemic. 

KEY FACTS:

  • Carries important information on A-to-Z of COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The English version has already been released early this month.

  The book adds science cartoons (scientoons) while carrying scientific messages and explaining the health concepts in a simple manner.

  • The book also add humour and amusement during the present health crisis when people feel stressed!

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Hindi and other languages versions of COVID Katha would help spread awareness deeper into grass-root level.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Improve rice productivity

      HEADLINES:

Researchers find a new possibility to improve rice productivity

      WHY IN NEWS:

HOT FROM PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture

      ISSUE: 

RICE PRODUCTION AND INTAKE :

  • Rice is one of the main staple foods across the world since it has very high carbohydrate content and provides instant energy.
  • Southeast Asia accounts for more than 75% of the calorie intake.
  • India has the largest area under rice crop cultivation: almost all States grow rice.

  However, it suffers from a problem of low productivity.

  • In order to meet the demand of the growing population of India and the world, production of rice needs to increase about 50% of current productivity.
  • Traits like number of grains per plant and weight of the grain mainly determine the yield in rice.
  • Thus, one of the main aims of the researchers and breeders has been to develop superior rice varieties with heavier grains, which can give higher yield and better nutrition.

RECENT FINDINGS :

  • In a new study, researchers from the Department of Biotechnology’s National Institute of Plant Genome Research (DBT-NIPGR), ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (ICAR-IARI), ICAR-National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack and University of Delhi South Campus (UDSC), have identified a region in the genome of rice, which seems to have the potential for improving productivity.

RESEARCH
The scientists conducted their study by sequencing the genomes of four Indian genotypes (LGR, PB 1121, Sonasal & Bindli) that show contrasting phenotype in seed size/weight.

RESULT :

  •  Indian rice germplasms had much more genomic diversity than that estimated so far.
  • An important role during domestication of rice varieties as it was present in most of the cultivated rice genotypes and absent in wild varieties.
  • Most of the modern cultivated rice varieties belong to japonica and indica genotypes.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The new study assumes importance as in addition to genome-wide exploration.
  • It has highlighted an important and a long domestication-related genomic region, which was found to be evolutionarily crafted to carry multiple agronomic traits associations.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Wheat procurement on target

      HEADLINES:

Despite lockdown, wheat procurement on target

      WHY IN NEWS:

While it is progressing swiftly in States like Punjab and Haryana, U.P. is lagging behind; Madhya Pradesh crosses target

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture

      ISSUE:

On the back of a record wheat harvest of more than 1,071 lakh tonnes, procurement of the grain — currently at 342.6 lakh tonnes — has also crossed last year’s levels despite the lockdown, and is well on the way to reaching this year’s target of 407 lakh tonnes.

However, the progress on procurement is uneven, with States such as Punjab and Haryana racing towards their targets despite a late start, while Uttar Pradesh lags behind, having reached less than 40% of its target.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Once procurement started, concerns included a shortage of labour at markets, fears of infection spread and a shortage of jute gunny bags due to production being disrupted at West Bengal’s jute mills.

According to FCI data, 342.6 lakh tonnes of wheat have been procured so far in this 2020-21 marketing season, from 10 wheat producing States. This is higher than the 341 lakh tonnes procured last year.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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