UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 2nd June

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 2nd June

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

Remember, today is the tomorrow you worried about yesterday.– Dale Carnegie

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Climate change is disrupting the water cycle

      HEADLINES:

Climate change is disrupting the water cycle and severely affecting those who live in already water-stressed areas

      WHY IN NEWS:

Close to 200 districts in the country experienced both flood and drought in the same season.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Resources:Water

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS nothing much here !

For MAINS we have taken key points away from this article . Take a glimpse of it !

      ISSUE: 

  Water is not just conditional to life, but is also a conduit to the biggest contemporary threat to life — climate change.  

  • CLIMATE EMERGENCY : Whether it is the planet’s changing wind patterns due to warming or the increasing extreme weather events, the climate emergency has disrupted the water cycle.
  • DISASTERS : It unfolds before us when we hear about water-related events like floods and droughts.
  • UNEVEN RAINFALL :For a few days, it rained exceptionally high, but for a longer period, these districts endured water scarcity.
  • STORAGE : More rain would have meant better storage for irrigation and drinking water.
  • AQUIFERS : But it never happened as the rainwater drained off without giving the opportunity to percolate into the ground.
  • ACUTE SHORTAGE : So, despite a more than normal monsoon and an extended winter rainy season, the already water-stressed regions of India continue to suffer acute water scarcity.

WORLD WATER DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2018

  • According to the United Nations’ World Water Development Report 2018, some 3.6 billion people across the world live in areas that witness water scarcity for at least a month in a year.
  • By 2050, this number would rise to 5.7 billion.
  •  2018 IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 degree Celsius — have visualised a scary scenario of the impact of climate change on the water sector.

  It is estimated that with every 10°C rise in global temperature, 7 per cent of the world’s population will experience a 20 per cent decline in water resources.

  •  IPCC REPORTS : if the world limits warming to 1.5°C, instead of 2°C as agreed in the Paris Agreement, the proportion of people exposed to water stress due to climate change would reduce by 50 per cent.
  • PLANNING : India’s National Water Mission, under the National Climate Change Action Plan, has warned that climate change will impact both surface and groundwater sources in the country.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The strategy to adapt to this crisis needs to protect the worst affected victims — the poor and the marginalised. As they say, “Water is to adaptation what energy is to mitigation”.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Ultra Swachh

      HEADLINES:

DRDO develops Ultra Swachh for disinfection of PPEs and other materials

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:RECENT INNOVATIONS

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to understand the compositions of this equipment and the technology it works on !

      ISSUE: 

  Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a disinfection unit named Ultra Swachh to disinfect a wide range of materials, including Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs), electronics items, fabrics, etc.

  • Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS), the Delhi based laboratory of DRDO has developed this product with industry partner M/s Gel Craft Healthcare Private Ltd, Ghaziabad.

OZONE SEALANT TECHNOLOGY:

  • The system uses an advanced oxidative process comprising of multiple barrier disruption approach using Ozonated Space Technology for disinfection.
  • The system is double layered with specialised Ozone sealant technology assuring trapping of ozone for the necessary disinfection cycle.
  • It also has catalytic converter to ensure environment friendly exhaust i.e. only oxygen and water.
  • The system is in compliance with International Standards of Industrial, Occupational, Personal and Environmental Safety.
  • The Ultra Swachh comes in two variants namely Ozonated Space and Trinetra Technology.
  • Trinetra technology is the combination of Ozonated space and radical dispenser.
  • Treatment is optimised with automation for quick disinfection cycle.
  • The system operates on 15 Ampere, 220 Volts, 50 Hertz power supply.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The system has been provided with various safety features such as emergency shutdown, door interlocks, dual door, delay cycle, and leak monitors, etc to ensure safe operations for longer duration.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 One Nation One Card scheme

      HEADLINES:

Three more States included in One Nation One Card scheme

      WHY IN NEWS:

Food & PDS Minister asks all 20 States under ONOC to commence national/ inter-State portability transactions to benefit migrants

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:PDS : Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is just a supplement to older scheme . Go through it !

For MAINS do you think it is too late ?

      ISSUE: 

Migrants can draw ration anywhere in these 20States and UTs

  •  Inclusion of three more states namely – Odisha, Sikkim and Mizoram in the scheme on ‘Integrated Management of Public Distribution System’ (IM-PDS).
  • Under this system nation-wide portability of the benefits under NFSA through “One Nation One Ration Card” plan is implemented to enable the NFSA ration card holders to lift their entitled quota of subsidised foodgrains from any ePoS enabled FPS of their choice anywhere in the country, by using the existing/same ration card after Aadhaar authentication on ePoS device.
  • The facility so far is enabled in 17 States/UTs, namely – Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Punjab, Telangana, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is reiterated that those NFSA ration cards which have recorded atleast one Aadhaar authenticated transaction during the last 6-months shall be eligible for the national portability transactions under this plan.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This would also enable the beneficiaries of these States anywhere in the national cluster of States/UTs to access their quota of foodgrains through national portability with immediate effect. In this regard, efforts/activities to generate necessary awareness among the NFSA beneficiaries and FPS dealers may also be undertaken on priority.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

PM Modi Launches CHAMPIONS

      HEADLINES:

PM Modi Launches CHAMPIONS: Technology Platform to empower MSMEs

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB!

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:MSME

      CONTEXT: 

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today launched the technology platform CHAMPIONS which stands for Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength. 

  • As the name suggests,the portal is basically for making the smaller units big by solving their grievances, encouraging, supporting, helping and handholding.
  • It is a real one-stop-shop solution of MSME Ministry.
  • This ICT based system is set up to help the MSMEs in present difficult situation and also to handhold them to become national and international champions.

DETAILED OBJECTIVES OF CHAMPIONS:

GRIEVANCE REDRESSAL: 

To resolve the problems of MSMEs including those of finance, raw materials, labor, regulatory permissions etc particularly in the Covid created difficult situation;

TO HELP THEM CAPTURE NEW OPPORTUNITIES: 

Including manufacturing of medical equipments and accessories like PPEs, masks, etc and supply them in National and International markets;

TO IDENTIFY AND ENCOURAGE THE SPARKS: 

The potential MSMEs who are able to withstand the current situation and can become national and international champions.

  • It is a technology packed control room-cum-management information system.

 

  In addition to ICT tools including telephone, internet and video conference, the system is enabled by Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics and Machine Learning.

  • It is also fully integrated on real time basis with GOI’s main grievances portal CPGRAMS and MSME Ministry’s own other web based mechanisms.
  • The entire ICT architecture is created in house with the help of NIC in no cost.
  • As part of the system a network of control rooms is created in a Hub & Spoke Model.
  • The Hub is situated in New Delhi in the Secretary MSME’s office.
  • The spokes are in the States in various offices and institutions of MSME Ministry.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • As of now, 66 state level control rooms are created and made functional.
  • A detailed standard operating procedure (SOP) has been issued to the officers and staff have been deployed and training has been conducted for them.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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