UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 30th May 2020

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 30th May 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

Whatever the mind can conceive and believe, it can achieve.– Napoleon Hill

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Low pressure in the Arabian Sea

      HEADLINES:

How a low pressure in the Arabian Sea can affect the monsoon

      WHY IN NEWS:

While the IMD has said the low pressure area will create favourable conditions for the monsoon’s advance, others are more skeptical

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3: Climate :IMD

      ISSUE: 

LOW PRESSURE IN ARABIAN SEA:

Two low pressure areas in the Arabian Sea currently could develop into cyclones. Photo: @G33kBoyRavi / Twitter

  • The southwest monsoon will get a boost in its advance over India due to a low-pressure area forecast to form in the Arabian Sea in the first week of June (May 31-June 4, 2020), according to the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • The conditions for the onset of the monsoon season over Kerala will become favourable from June 1.
  • “The anti clockwise winds of the low pressure area might pull the monsoon trough towards India, making conditions favourable for the onset,” .
  • “The delay in the monsoon and the lack of vertical shear (change in winds with height from the surface) allows the cyclone to grow.
  • If the monsoon would arrive, it would suppress the cyclone.

“The direction of the winds around a low pressure system in the northern hemisphere is always cyclonic (anti-clockwise).

  • This is because of the rotation of the earth.
  • “So if the low pressure system moves away from the mainland, the subcontinent may not receive much rains during the onset.

BAD MEMORIES OF VAYU

  • Cyclone Vayu had formed as a low pressure area on June 9, 2019, just after the onset of the monsoon over Kerala on June 8.
  • The monsoon winds were not able to move forward till the dissipation of the cyclone on June 17 and the rains were arrested in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The scanty rain scenario changed in the last week of June when some regions started receiving intermittent rainfall.
  • Due to this, the rain deficit figure dropped to 33 per cent by June-end and 28 per cent by July 3.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Missile Park ‘Agneeprastha’

      HEADLINES:

Missile Park ‘Agneeprastha’ to be set up at INS Kalinga

      WHY IN NEWS:

Foundation Stone for a Missile Park “AGNEEPRASTHA” was laid at INS Kalinga by Cmde Rajesh Debnath,  Commanding Officer, in the presence of Vice Admiral Atul Kumar Jain, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, FOC-in-C (East) on 28 May 20.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence

      CONTEXT: 

  The Missile Park AGNEEPRASTHA’ once completed will be dedicated to all the Officers, Sailors and Support Staff of INS Kalinga, who have served in this premier op-support Base of the ENC since its establishment in 1981.

MISSILE PARK ‘AGNEEPRASTHA’

  • The Park also commemorates the award of the prestigious Unit Citation to INS Kalinga for the year 2018-19.

  ‘AGNEEPRASTHA’ aims to capture glimpses of Missile History of INS Kalinga since 1981 till date.

  • The Missile Park has been set up with a replica of missiles and Ground Support Equipment (GSE) that showcase the evolution of missiles handled by the unit.
  • The exhibits have been created from scrap / obsolete inventory which have been reconditioned in-house.
  • The main attraction is P-70 ‘Ametist’, an underwater launched anti-ship missile from the arsenal of the old ‘Chakra’ (Charlie-1 submarine) which was in service with IN during 1988-91.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • AGNEEPRASTHA’ will also provide a one-stop arena for motivation and stimulation of inquisitive minds regarding the missiles and related technologies, from school children to Naval personnel and their families.
  • It is also intended to encourage a feeling of ownership and pride in the role of the Unit, and highlight the necessity of contribution of all personnel irrespective of rank/trade towards the overarching objective of ordnance availability, reliability and delivery on target, each and every time.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

“United Nations Military Gender Advocate of the year Award”

      HEADLINES:

United Nations Award to Indian Army Officer Major Suman Gawani

      WHY IN NEWS:

Major Suman will be receiving this award alongwith a Brazilian Naval Officer Commander Carla Monteiro de Castro Araujo.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

  Major Suman Gawani, an Indian Army officer who served as a women peacekeeper with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in 2019 is being awarded the prestigious “United Nations Military Gender Advocate of the year Award” on 29 May 2020.

  • She will receive the award from the UN Secretary General Mr Antonio Guterres during an online ceremony being organised at the UN Headquarters, New York on the occasion of International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers.

  • Major Suman served as a Military observer in UNMISS from November 2018 to December 2019.
  • While at the mission, she was the principal focal point of contact for gender issues for Military Observers in the mission.
  • The officer encouraged participation in joint military patrols to maintain gender balance, irrespective of the hardships under extreme field conditions.
  • She visited various mission team sites across South Sudan to integrate gender perspective into the planning and military activity in the mission.
  • The officer was selected to attend a specialised training on Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV) at Nairobi and participated in various UN forums to demonstrate how a gender perspective can help in protecting civilians, especially from conflict related sexual violence.
  • Apart from supporting the UNMISS Force initiatives, she also trained the South Sudan government forces on CRSV related aspects.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The officer also commanded the UN Peacekeepers Day Parade organised at UNMISS, where she commanded twelve contingents of UNPOL, Military and Civilians.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

‘States show variations in testing contacts’

      HEADLINES:

‘States show variations in testing contacts’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Kerala tested an average of 40 contacts per confirmed positive case, and Maharashtra only eight

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

   his is a color box 

‘WIDE VARIATIONS’

  • According to the paper, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand were among the States that had tested greater than the 75th percentile of contacts.
  • Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi were among those with less than 50th percentile of the contacts tested.

HIGHEST PROPORTION

The attack rate (based on the number of positive cases in a category) per million by age was highest among those aged 50-69 years (63.3%) and was lowest among those under 10 years (6.1%).

The attack rate, or a fraction of a population testing positive, was higher among males (41.6%) than females (24.3%).

COUGH AND FEVER

Among the 12,810 cases with reported symptoms at the time of specimen collection, cough and fever were the most commonly reported symptoms (64.5% and 60%, respectively).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

As on Friday, 1.65 million people in India had tested positive, the highest in Asia.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

‘Rozgar Setu’

      HEADLINES:

‘Rozgar Setu’ for skilled workers in M.P.

      WHY IN NEWS:

State is the first to devise such a work plan for returned workers, says CM

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS2:3:Wages:Scheme

      ISSUE: 

  Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced the launch of the ‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme, saying it would help secure employment for skilled workers who have returned.

  • “The State is the first to devise such a work plan
  • The State government will act as a setu [bridge] between workers and employers so that both are benefited.”
  • This would fulfil the manpower requirement of industries as well as provide employment to workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, he explained. “A survey of such workers was launched on May 27,” he said.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Land ownership records  (Swamitya Yojana )

“The rural population will be given land ownership records as proof of their right over plots of land. This scheme is like a gift for them,”.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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