UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 31st May 2020

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Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 31st May 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

Hard times don’t create heroes. It is during the hard times when the ‘hero’ within us is revealed.– Bob Riley

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Artificial Intelligence Portal

      HEADLINES:

IT Minister Launches National AI Portal of India- www.ai.gov.in

      WHY IN NEWS:

Inaugurate Intel India’s Initiative to Promote AI among School Students

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Electronics & IT
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:AI:Recent Innovations

      ISSUE: 

  On the occasion of the first anniversary of the second tenure of the government, the Union Minister for Electronics and IT, Law and Justice and Communications Ravi Shankar Prasad launched India’s national Artificial Intelligence Portal called www.ai.gov.in

  • National e-Governance Division of Ministry of Electronics and IT and NASSCOM from the IT industry will jointly run this portal.
  • This portal shall work as a one stop digital platform for AI related developments in India, sharing of resources such as articles, startups, investment funds in AI, resources, companies and educational institutions related to AI in India.
  • The portal will also share documents, case studies, research reports etc.
  • It has section about learning and new job roles related to AI.

 Minister for Electronics & Information Technology, Communications and Law & Justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad, also launched a National Program for the youth, “Responsible AI for Youth”.

  • The aim of this Program is to give the young students of our country a platform and empower them with appropriate new age tech mind-set, relevant AI skill-sets and access to required AI tool-sets to make them digitally ready for the future.
  • The Program has been created and launched by the National e-Governance Division, Ministry of Electronics & IT in collaboration with Intel India, with support from Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Human Resource Development.

DETAILS OF RESPONSIBLE AI FOR YOUTH PROGRAMME:

  • The National Programme is open to students of classes 8 – 12 from Central and State government-run schools (including KVS, NVS, JNV) from across the country – all 28States and 8Union Territories and aims to bring about a change in the thought process and create a bridge for the digital divide.
  • Teachers may also self nominate themselves by fulfilling the eligibility criteria.
  • These teachers will be provided orientation sessions aimed to help them understand the premise and identify 25-50 potential students for the Program.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“Responsible AI for Youth” will empower the youth to become AI ready and help reduce the skill gap, while enabling youth to create meaningful social impact solutions.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

India National Supermodel for monitoring

      HEADLINES:

DST initiates COVID-19 India National Supermodel for monitoring infection transmission & aid decision-making by policymakers

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has initiated a COVID -19 Indian National Supermodel to help monitor the future transmission of infection, thus aiding decisions involving health system readiness and other mitigation measures.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

  While the Government is keeping a close watch on infectivity and mortality, it is imperative to bring in a robust forecasting model for predicting the spread and enhancing disease surveillance.

  • Numerous mathematical models for Covid-19 forecasting and surveillance are being worked out by investigators funded by DST-SERB (Science and Engineering Research Board) and other agencies.
  • DST has initiated this exercise to pool in expertise in the field and create one model for the entire country that will be subjected to rigorous tests required for evidence-based forecasting, routinely practiced in weather forecasting communities.
  • The model will entirely rely only on the data that is relevant to COVID-19, and also have an adaptive built-in component to learn from the newer trends in the data.
  • It will aggregate successful evidence-based mathematical and statistical forecasting models and include the best predictive analytics for robust forecasting of infectious disease spread.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The supermodel could be used by the policymakers in India and around the world to overcome difficulties in predicting the rate of spread of infection and how it would burden the healthcare sector, thereby curbing the epidemic.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Jal Jeevan mission

      HEADLINES:

Annual action plan approved for Bihar under Jal Jeevan mission

      WHY IN NEWS:

HOT FROM PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Jal Shakti
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Scheme

      ISSUE: 

Bihar State presented their Jal Jeevan Mission Annual Action Plan before Ministry of Jal Shakti for consideration and approval, wherein in it is planned to have 100% coverage of all households with functional tap water connections by 2020-21.  

  • Bihar state government has set an ambitious goal of providing all the remaining households with tap connection.
  • It’s a huge target, but the State Government is all set with the roadmap to achieve the target.
  • A proper plan is in place for 100% coverage of all 38 districts during 2020-21.
  • Bihar Government is also giving special attention to providing 100% of Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTCs) in Aspirational districts, quality-affected habitations and SC/ST villages.
  • Because of abundance of ground water and surface water in Bihar, the State is making all efforts in this regard.

KEY FEATURES OF JAL JEEVAN MISSION : 

 

  Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has been launched in partnership with States, to enable every household in villages to have a FHTC within the premises by 2024.

  • It has been envisaged that each household will have potable water supply of 55 lpcd of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis.
  • To implement the mission, institutional arrangements at various levels have been made and State’s PHE/ Rural Water Supply Departments are to play a critical role along with the local community.
  • Gram Panchayat/ village water sanitation committee/ user committee are encouraged to plan, implement, manage, operate, and maintain its in-village water supply scheme.
  • A sense of ownership has to be instilled in the village community as they are at the center of this mission.
  • JJM is to play a significant role in bringing ‘ease of living’ for the rural community, especially women.
  • Women must lead JJM in their villages to meet their needs and aspirations.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • During the scorching summer and COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of clean water takes precedence.
  • Washing hands and maintaining good hygiene needs clean water.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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