UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 5th June 2020 |

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Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 5th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Trust because you are willing to accept the risk, not because it’s safe or certain.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

India-Australia meet strengthens ties

      HEADLINES:

India-Australia meet strengthens ties

      WHY IN NEWS:

Modi, Morrison take relationship to a ‘Comprehensive Strategic Partnership’ at virtual summit

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:IR

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS go through important takeaways .

      ISSUE: 

India and Australia raised their relationship to a “Comprehensive Strategic Partnership” after a ‘virtual’ summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, who concluded nine agreements including a Mutual Logistics Support Agreement (MLSA) and issued a joint declaration on a “Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.”  

Working together: Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaking to Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison

KEY TAKE AWAYS :

The two countries also agreed to increase the frequency of meetings i.e, “2+2” format of bilateral meetings to the level of Foreign and Defence Ministers, who will meet to “discuss strategic issues” at least every two years.

SHARED VISION : 

  • “Both India and Australia share a vision of a free, open, inclusive and rules-based Indo-Pacific region to support the freedom of navigation,
  • Overflight and peaceful and cooperative use of the seas by adherence of all nations to international law .
  • Including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and peaceful resolution of disputes rather than through unilateral or coercive actions,”
  • Both sides agreed to continue to deepen and broaden defence cooperation.
  • Other agreements announced included a framework arrangement on cyber technology and
  • MoU on mining and processing critical and strategic minerals including Australian rare earth metals used for electronics, governance, vocational training and water management.

‘NO TALKS ON CHINA’

The summit came amidst tensions between India and China over the stand-off at the Line of Actual Control.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Mr. Modi said the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP) took on new meaning at the time of the global pandemic.

“The world needs a coordinated and collaborative approach to come out of the economic and social side effects of this pandemic.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

India-China dialogue

      HEADLINES:

India-China dialogue to focus on three areas

      WHY IN NEWS:

Lieutenant-Generals to aim at return to pre-May 5 positions

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:IR

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS map out these areas and prepare a wonderful answer on border issues with China.

      ISSUE: 

The first-ever talks between Indian and Chinese Lieutenant-Generals over the weekend to ease the tension on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) will focus on eastern Ladakh with the aim of moving back to the earlier positions.

 

Preparing the ground: A landing and runway strip being laid in Anantnag district amid the border tension.

FOCUS :

  “The focus of the talks will be on the Galwan area, Pangong Tso and Gogra.

  • The agenda will focus on the recent use of force, getting back to the positions before May 5 and subsequent de-induction of troops by China,”.
  • The General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Leh-headquartered 14 Corps will lead the Indian delegation at the talks to be held at the Chushul-Moldo border meeting point on the Chinese side.

CONTENTIOUS AREA:

  • Pangong Tso is an important focus area as Chinese troops have taken positions in large numbers.
  • India holds one-third of the 135 km boomerang-shaped lake.
  • India and China have identified 23 “disputed and sensitive” areas along the LAC and both Galwan in Ladakh and Naku La in Sikkim do not figure on the list.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

In the month-long stand-off at several areas along the LAC in Ladakh and Sikkim, Chinese troops have moved in large numbers into Indian territory at points in Pangong Tso, Galwan and Gogra in Ladakh and Naku La in Sikkim, besides the massive build-up on its side.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Disasters displace lakhs

      HEADLINES:

Disasters displace lakhs: study

      WHY IN NEWS:

50 lakh international displacements in India in 2019, says CSE report

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Migration

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS note down the reasons of migration .

      ISSUE: 

India had one in five of all internal displacements caused by disasters across the world in 2019, mostly caused by floods, cyclones and drought, according to the State of India’s Environment in Figures 2020 report released on Thursday.

KEY FACTS :

  • 19 major extreme weather events claimed 1,357 lives last year.
  • There were more than 50 lakh internal displacements in India last year, the highest in the world.
  • Flooding caused by the southwest monsoon led to 26 lakh displacements, while Cyclone Fani alone led to 18 lakh displacements, followed by cyclones Vayu and Bulbul.
  • On the other hand, drought conditions in 19 States led to another 63,000 displacements.
  • Apart from such forced migrations, many move for work.

SHRINKING FORESTS

  • The compilation also offers a snapshot of data on forests, water, waste, air, land, wildlife and other natural resources.
  • It notes that there were 747 more tigers in 2018 than in 2014.
  • Net area meant for tiger conservation shrunk by 179 sq.km.
  • Forest cover has shrunk in 38% of districts, while five out of 21 river basins are now in a state of absolute water scarcity.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Each data is a story. It will raise your curiosity towards a development and will help you understand its impact better.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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