UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 6th June 2020

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 6th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life–think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success.” –Swami Vivekananda

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Saving Biodiversity

      HEADLINES:

Saving Biodiversity through Effective Waste Management

      WHY IN NEWS:

MoHUA releases series of advisories on World Environment Day 2020

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS remember that campaign name ! This can be asked.

For MAINS go through the key pointers discussed below .

      ISSUE: 

In commemoration of World Environment Day 2020,Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched a series of advisories .

 ‘SAVING BIODIVERSITY THROUGH EFFECTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT’ :

  • The three key advisories released included the ‘Advisory on Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs) for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)’,
  • ‘Advisory on Landfill Reclamation’ and a 
  • Draft on On-site and Off-site Sewage Management Practices’ .

  The Ministry also released a toolkit for a communication campaign on faecal sludge management titled ‘Malasur- The Demon of Defeca’ which aims to heighten the risk perception of faecal sludge.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This will lead to improved public health and quality of life apart from generating jobs, integration of informal workers into the formal workforce, generation of revenue
  • This will also creation of new products from waste streams finally leading to not just a Swachh (clean) but a Swasth (healthy), Sashakt (empowered), Sampann (prosperous) and Atmanirbhar (self-reliant) Bharat.  
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

‘Prevention of Human and Animal Mortality on Highways’

      HEADLINES:

Gadkari launches national awareness campaign on ‘Prevention of Human and Animal Mortality on Highways’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Minister underlines need for generating awareness and education for the masses towards eliminating mortality on the roads

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Road Transport & Highways
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Transport

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS keep an eye on this campaign and the major initiatives taken under this initiative .

For MAINS note down the key aspects which you find very important for safety of highways.

      ISSUE: 

India witnesses nearly five lakh road accidents every year, in which about 1.5 lakh lives are lost.  

  • Over five thousand black spots have been identified, and the process for their rectification including temporary and permanent measures is being carried out on urgent basis.
  • SOPs regarding procedure for rectification of black spots for taking up short-term and long-term permanent measures have already been issued.

 ROAD SAFETY MEASURES ON NATIONAL HIGHWAYS WILL BE:

  • Rectification of Black Spots,
  • Traffic calming measures,
  • Crash Barriers,
  • Repairing,
  • Rehabilitation and reconstruction of dilapidated and narrow bridges,
  • Road Safety Audit,
  • Reduction of fatalities on vulnerable roads,
  • Highway Patrolling, and Safety during Construction.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

MoRTH had always advocated construction of elevated roads, underpasses/overpasses as ecological wildlife corridors to avoid fragmentation of wild animals’ habitats and abided by the compensatory afforestation schemes in lieu of trees required to be felled.

  • Ministry has requested all agencies to follow the provisions of the manual titled “Eco friendly measures to mitigate impacts of linear infrastructure on wildlife” issued by Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
  •  NGOs and social organisations can also locate black spots for animals on the roads.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

“Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings” Initiative

      HEADLINES:

EESL and USAID Announce the “Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings” Initiative

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Power
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Infrastructure

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS remember this initiative and the key players.

      ISSUE: 

  On occasion of World Environment Day, today, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under Ministry of Power, in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) MAITREE program, launched the “Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings” initiative that will pioneer ways to make workplaces healthier and greener.

AIM:

  • Adoption of cost-effective energy efficiency as a standard practice within buildings, and specifically focuses on cooling.
  • “This initiative is addressing the challenges of retrofitting existing buildings and air conditioning systems so that they are both healthy and energy efficient.
  • As people return to their offices and public spaces, maintaining good indoor air quality is essential for occupant comfort, well-being, productivity and the overall public health.
  • Most buildings in India are not equipped to establish and maintain healthy indoor air quality and need to be upgraded.
  • Such retrofit measures, like increasing outside air and additional filtration in the air conditioning system.

ABOUT EESL:

  • Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under the administration of Ministry of Power working towards mainstreaming energy efficiency and is implementing the world’s largest energy efficiency portfolio in the country.
  • Driven by the mission of Enabling More – more transparency, more transformation, and more innovation, EESL aims to create market access for efficient and future-ready transformative solutions that create a win-win situation for every stakeholder.

ABOUT USAID:

  • USAID is the world’s premier international development agency and a catalytic actor driving development results.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This pioneering effort, built in large part on our partnership, will address air quality and energy use concerns in buildings — directly improving comfort, health, productivity, and ultimately the quality of life of citizens in India and South Asia.”

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

India, China hold talks, agree to resolve

      HEADLINES:

India, China hold talks, agree to resolve differences peacefully

      WHY IN NEWS:

Foreign Ministry-level discussions reviewed bilateral ties, current developments

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:IR

      ISSUE: 

  China appoints new Army commander for India border  

  • India and China held talks on the highest-level diplomatic engagement since tensions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) erupted in May.
  • Both sides agreed “to handle their differences through peaceful discussion bearing in mind the importance of respecting each other’s sensitivities, concerns and aspirations.
  • China called for enhancing strategic mutual trust and properly managing differences.

On the edge: In this July 2017 photo, Army patrol teams in the Sub Sector North along the LAC.

PLANNING TASKS

  • The responsibility for planning generally lies with the Western Theater Command, which is also the point of responsibility for managing the border situation.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • “The China-India border line and the LAC are still unclear.
  • In the past, the two militaries had few chances to encounter during patrols.
  • But as both militaries are increasing their modernisation level, their infrastructures are also extending to the border areas, leading to more disputes.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Advisory to import live exotic animals

      HEADLINES:

Environment ministry issues advisory to import live exotic animals

      WHY IN NEWS:

Document fails to address issues such as invasive species and zoonotic disease, experts say

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation of Bio diversity

      ISSUE: 

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has issued an advisory to streamline and formalise the process of importing live exotic animals.

Experts say the MoEF&CC advisory on exotic animals does not answer all problems. Photo: A corn snake / Pixabay

 

EXOTIC ANIMALS :
Exotic animals are those species that are found in a particular country.

  • The advisory has defined them as those that are mentioned under the Appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), but not under the schedules of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Many exotic species of birds, reptiles and amphibians are imported into India for commercial purposes.

IMPORT PROVISIONS : 

  • A person trying to import a live exotic animal will have to submit an application for grant of a licence to the DGFT, under the provisions of the advisory.
  • The importer will also have to attach a No Objection Certificate (NOC) of the chief wildlife warden of the state concerned along with the application.
  • For those people who have already imported exotic animals, a declaration will have to be made within six months.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“The major reason to do this is to regulate the trade because the issue of zoonotic diseases is also linked to wildlife.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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