UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 7th May 2020

Spread the love

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 7th May 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS2020.

It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop.– Confucius

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Dekho Apna Desh Logo Design Contest

      HEADLINES:

Ministry of Tourism launches Dekho Apna Desh Logo Design Contest

      WHY IN NEWS:

The winner of the DekhoApnaDesh Logo contest will get a 5 nights 6 days all expenses covered holiday package for 2 to any destination in India

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Tourism
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Tourism

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS do remember this contest and the occasion ‘DekhoApnaDesh’. Objective is just promoting tourism which resembles the name !

For MAINS nothing much here.

      ISSUE: 

The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India today launched the ‘DekhoApnaDesh’ logo design contest on the MyGov platform.

OBJECTIVE :

  •   The objective of this contest is to have a logo for ‘DekhoApnaDesh’ campaign coming out of  creative ideas of  the citizens of the country.
  • Asking every citizen to visit at least 15 destinations by the year 2022, to promote domestic tourism in India which is intended to enhance tourist footfalls in places of tourist interest so as to help develop the local economy.

THEME : 

During the lockdown period, the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India  as part of its ongoing engagement with industry and its audiences is  organising webinars  on the overall theme of ‘DekhoApnaDesh’.

  • The objective of this webinar series is to   create awareness about and promote various tourism destinations of India – including the lesser known destinations and lesser known facets of popular destinations.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Focussing on domestic tourism potential, encouraging fellow countrymen to explore their own country, taking a much-needed break within their own borders will be a winning strategy for India.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Nanomaterials having energy storage application

      HEADLINES:

DST INSPIRE Faculty develops nanomaterials having energy storage application & optical sensors for water pollution control

      WHY IN NEWS:

The SERS can help detect harmful molecules present in water at ultra-low concentrations

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Science and Technology : Recent innovations

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you should grasp what does the term ‘SUPERCAPACITOR’ mean ! Note down the principle they have followed to achieve it .

      ISSUE: 

Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi, along with his group, has made significant achievements in developing nanomaterials based supercapacitors to achieve high energy density and power density of supercapacitors.

SUPERCAPACITORS :

  • High energy density of supercapacitors suggests that constant current can be withdrawn for longer duration without recharging.
  • Hence automobiles can run longer distances without charging.
  • Supercapacitors can be an alternative for such purposes.

They have developed a reduced graphene oxide (rGO) at a moderate temperature of 100°C with high capacitance performance.

  • The production process is a cost-effective one, making it suitable for commercial purposes.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The group which works on carbon (Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene) and metal dichalcogenides (MoS2, MoSe2, etc.) nanomaterials based supercapacitors to achieve high energy density and power density of supercapacitors, have also developed a novel green approach for synthesis of Iron-based nanocatalyst, which can be used for large scale production of Carbon Nanotubes.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Study of flowering plant:Northern Western Ghats

      HEADLINES:

Study of flowering plant endemism of Northern Western Ghats highlights importance of plateaus in conservation plans

      WHY IN NEWS:

Scientists at the Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), Pune, an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology have come up with plant data of the Northern Western Ghats which indicates that plateaus, in addition to the forests, should be prioritized for conservation of the Northern Western Ghats.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Flora : Conservation of Bio diversity

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note down the plants name and IUCN status .

For MAINS do you think more variety of flowers should be marked in IUCN list ? How this conservation plan will help in future ?

      ISSUE: 

It is the plateaus and the cliffs that harbour most of the endemic species, thus increasing their importance in conservation plans.

Abutilon ranadei, a Critically Endangered endemic species from the northern Western Ghats

KEY OBSERVATIONS MADE : 

  • They have found that a majority of the endemic species are therophytes, which complete their life cycle in a short period during monsoon.
  • The Western Ghats of India is one of the global biodiversity hotspots owing to the endemism that is sheltered by a chain of mountains.
  • A notable geographical feature of the Northern Western Ghats is the presence of plateaus and cliffs that display maximum endemic species, unlike forests.

The study conducted by the ARI team suggested that the Northern Western Ghats is the region of rapid diversification of specific herbaceous endemic genera like Ceropegia, Glyphochloa, Dipcadi, and Eriocaulon.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The team firmly believes that the published data can be used as a proxy for conservation planning and effective protection measures of the Northern Western Ghats.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Azithromycin may cause more harm than good

      HEADLINES:

COVID-19: Indiscriminate use of azithromycin may cause more harm than good

      WHY IN NEWS:

Antibiotic use during the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) needs to be guided by early diagnosis, proper characterisation of co-infections to avoid indiscriminate use

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: MDR: Multi-drug resistance drugs

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS how this drug reacts with other viral doses ? Do make a note on issues related to this drug in your Prelims Book

For MAINS define MDR drugs ? How should these drugs be regulated ?

      ISSUE: 

A recent correspondence published in medical journal The Lancet highlighted concern around co-infections that could occur along with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the associated over use of antibiotics to tackle them.
Another study that assessed the safety of hydroxychloroquine — alone and in combination with azithromycin — showed the addition of azithromycin may induce heart failure and cardiovascular mortality Photo: Doctor 4U/Flickr

WHAT IS CO-INFECTION ?

  • Co-infections or secondary infections are very common during respiratory viral infections, including COVID-19 and can lead to increased severity of the disease or mortality.
  • No information is available on the type and duration of anti-microbial treatment administered to patients, despite antibiotic use going up during COVID-19.
  • Many patients could also have underlying chronic bacterial infections before the virus (SARS-CoV-2) infection, but this was also not reported.
  • With limited or no information on diagnosis of co-infections, antibiotic treatment may be indiscriminate and misinformed.
  • This can contribute to already growing resistance in bacteria, a phenomenon called antimicrobial resistance (AMR), that is a public health threat of global scale.
  • It is all the more worrisome in cases when the secondary infections are caused by drug-resistant bacteria.

USE OF AZITHROMYCIN :

The last few months of COVID-19 pandemic have seen tremendous use of azithromycin in combination with anti-malarial drugs as a potential treatment of the secondary bacterial infections.

  • Categorised as a highest-priority critically important antimicrobial (HPCIA) by the World Health Organization, azithromycin is widely prescribed to treat respiratory infections, cholera, pneumonia and other diseases.
  • It has been shown to prevent severe respiratory tract infections when administered to patients suffering from viral infections.

ISSUES RELATED WITH THE USE : 

  • While initial studies after the disease outbreak indicated that azithromycin had synergistic effects with other antimalarial drugs.
  • A study conducted in France on 11 patients showed no rapid anti-viral clearance or clinical benefits in patients with severe infection.
  • Another study showed the addition of azithromycin in combination with antimalarial drugs may induce heart failure and cardiovascular mortality.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

To avoid ill-effects of antibiotic misuse including AMR, it is important that their use be monitored and regulated.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Legal system geared to favour the rich: SC judge

      HEADLINES:

Legal system geared to favour the rich: SC judge

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘Court must ensure dignity of the poor’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Judiciary

      ISSUE: 

Justice Deepak Gupta, Supreme Court judge, has said that the laws and legal system are geared in favour of the rich and powerful.

 

Justice Deepak Gupta
  • It was the poorest of the poor who suffered the most during a crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • It was the underprivileged who needed the attention of the Supreme Court now more than ever.

In his farewell speech at a webinar organised by the Supreme Court Bar Association on Wednesday, Justice Gupta said the system usually went into a tizzy if a rich person was put behind bars.

  • Applications for his bail and expediting his trial were filed repeatedly.
  • His case was heard at the cost of delaying the case of the poor litigant.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The poor too had a right to life and dignity. The judiciary needed to hear and help them.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Poor find access to accounts hard

      HEADLINES:

Poor find access to accounts hard: study

      WHY IN NEWS:

Centre says more than 33 crore people have received cash under relief scheme

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2::  Financial Inclusion : Banking

      ISSUE: 

  • Forty days after Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a COVID-19 relief package, including extra grain allocations and cash transfers for the poor, Finance Ministry data showed that ₹34,800 crore has been transferred so far.
  • Beneficiaries include 20 crore poor women who received the first instalment of ₹500 in their Jan Dhan bank accounts, indicating more than 98% coverage of the target group.
  • More than 5.5 crore have got the second instalment as well.
  • It is important to note that some of these groups overlap with each other, and some of the funds are prior existing benefits anyway.

A survey of 130 rural families in Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Odisha, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh, conducted by students and volunteers under the guidance of development economists Reetika Khera and Jean Dreze :

KEY FINDINGS :

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The survey showed that the foodgrain portion of the relief scheme may have had better reach among intended beneficiaries, with 96% of surveyed households having received their ration for April.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

Subcribe now for DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC and many more updates !

 

 


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.