UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 8th June 2020 |

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Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 8th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Good things come to people who wait, but better things come to those who go out and get them.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Online Dispute Resolution (ODR)

      HEADLINES:

Catalyzing Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) in India

      WHY IN NEWS:

NITI Aayog, in association with Agami and Omidyar Network India, brought together key stakeholders in a virtual meeting on 6 June 2020 for advancing online dispute resolution in India.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Judiciary

      ISSUE: 

ONLINE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (ODR)

  • ODR is the resolution of disputes, particularly small- and medium-value cases, using digital technology and techniques of alternate dispute resolution (ADR), such as negotiation, mediation, and arbitration.
  • While courts are becoming digitized through the efforts of the judiciary, more effective, scalable, and collaborative mechanisms of containment and resolution are urgently needed.
  • ODR can help resolve disputes efficiently and affordably.

Advantages of ODR—convenient, accurate, time-saving, and cost-saving.

IMPORTANT TAKEAWAYS FROM MEETING : 

  • Above all there needs to be a fundamental change in the mindset—look upon dispute resolution not as relatable to a place, namely a court, where justice is “administered” but as a service that is availed of.’
  • Target Covid-related disputes first [through ODR] because those are people who would like for their disputes to be resolved quickly, particularly in this context.
  • This is an important part of economic revival.’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • ‘Making ODR or ADR voluntary may defeat the purpose.
  • It should be made mandatory [for specified categories], and it should cover about three [sessions] so that parties don’t feel that it’s a mere formality.’
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Assam gas leak

      HEADLINES:

Assam gas leak

      WHY IN NEWS:

Since the morning of May 27, natural gas has been continuously flowing out of a gas well in Assam following a blowout — or a sudden, uncontrolled release of gas/oil.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to understand Natural gases heap , location of the leak and areas surrounding it .

For MAINS look out for consequences , present Impact of the leak, reasons behind and ways to address the situation.

      ISSUE: 

This happened after the blowout at the Oil India Limited’s (OIL) Baghjan gas well in Assam’s Tinsukia district. People from surrounding villages have been evacuated, while a variety of fish and an endangered Gangetic dolphin have died. 

HOW LEAKAGE HAPPENED ?

The current discharge is at 90,000 SCMD at a pressure of 4,200 PSI, far higher than the normal producing pressure of around 2,700 PSI.

WHY DO BLOWOUTS HAPPEN?

  • The pressure balance in a well may be disturbed leading to ‘kicks’ or changes in pressure.
  • If these are not controlled in time, the ‘kicks’ can turn into a sudden blowout.
  • Possible reasons behind blowouts,- “from simple lack of attention, poor workmanship, bad maintenance, old age, sabotage to morpho-tectonic factors”.

HANDLING IS DIFFICULT ?

  • The control of a blowout depends on two things: the size of the reservoir and the pressure at which the gas/oil is flowing out.
  • This reservoir was particularly difficult to control since it was a gas well and ran the risk of catching fire at any point.

PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN :

  • While many blowouts automatically collapse on their own, it can take up to months.
  • To control a blowout, the first step is to pump in water, so that the gas does not catch fire.

IMPACT

  • There are reports of deaths of a river dolphin, and a variety of fish.
  • While the administration has kept an ambulance with paramedical staff on standby, locals have complained of symptoms such as burning of eyes, headache etc.
  • Also close is the Maguri-Motapung wetlandan Important Bird Area notified by the Bombay Natural History Society.

  It is at an aerial distance of 900 metres from the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuels among the available fossil fuels.

It is used as a feedstock in the manufacture of fertilizers, plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals as well as used as a fuel for electricity generation, heating purpose in industrial and commercial units.

Natural gas is also used for cooking in domestic households and a transportation fuel for vehicles.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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