UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS | 9th June 2020

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 9th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“If you do what you always did, you will get what you always got.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

UVC-based multipurpose disinfection cabinet

      HEADLINES:

ARCI & Mekins develop UVC-based multipurpose disinfection cabinet for containing surface contamination of COVID 19

      WHY IN NEWS:

Dry and chemical-free rapid disinfection through exposure to UVC light

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

      ISSUE: 

UVC exposure is the best known among the methods to disinfect virus-prone objects  

  • International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous R&D Centre of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India and MEKINS Industries have co-developed a UVC-based Cabinet for disinfecting non-critical hospital items, laboratory wear, and PPEs in the research laboratories to prevent surface contamination of COVID 19.

 

KEY FACTS :

  • It can also be used to disinfect items exhibited to customers in commercial establishments and several domestic items.
  • Transmission through surface contamination is an unpredictable risk in which common utilities play a key role.
  • The best way to deal with this transmission is by a dry and chemical-free rapid disinfection through exposure to UVC light.

PHOTODIMERIZATION
 UVC irradiation with 254 nm is strongly absorbed by RNA part of COVID-19, leading to molecular structural damage via a photodimerization process and thus inactivating it.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

 UVC exposure is the best known among the methods to disinfect virus-prone objects, including stethoscopes, blood pressure measuring equipment, patient care items, mobile phones, wallets, laptops, reusable laboratory gloves, lab coats, micropipettes, smaller measurement equipment, papers and so on.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

Distinct colour band for number plate sticker

      HEADLINES:

Distinct colour band for number plate sticker for BS-6 four-wheel vehicles

      WHY IN NEWS:

Green strip of 1 cm thickness for BS 6 vehicles for sticker of registration details being stuck on windshields of 4 wheelers

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Road Transport & Highways
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:TRANSPORT

      ISSUE: 

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has mandated a strip of green colour of 1 cm width on top of the existing sticker carrying details of registration for  BS-VI vehicles of any fuel type

  Petrol or CNG which have a light blue colour sticker and a diesel vehicle which is of orange colour.

  • These stickers will now have a green strip of 1 cm on top for BS VI, as mandated.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The BS-VI emission standards, which have been mandated w.e.f. 1st April, 2020, provide for stricter and cleaner emission norms and are at par with the emission standards being followed across the world.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Role of microRNA

      HEADLINES:

Role of microRNA in growth and spread of tongue cancer cellsIIT-M research could help develop therapeutics

      WHY IN NEWS:

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras have identified a specific microRNA (miRNAs) called ‘miR-155’ that is over-expressed in tongue cancer.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Biology

      ISSUE: 

MicroRNAs

“MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs containing 20–24 nucleotides that participate in virtually all biological pathways in animals.

  • They have been found to play important roles in many cancers, in carcinogenesis (start of cancer), malignant transformation and metastasis — the development of secondary cancer.
  • The miRNAs associated with cancer are called ‘Oncomirs’.”
  • Many of the Oncomirs affect cancer by suppressing the performance of tumour-suppressing agents.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

miRNA manipulation is being combined with conventional cancer treatment methods such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy.

Some of them can prevent the growth and spread of cancer cells and yet others prevent tumour growth itself.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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