UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| The Hindu Analysis | PRELIMS 2020 | 22nd April 2020

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IASbhai DAILY UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS  (THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS2020.

Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant.– Robert Louis Stevenson

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Drug for sepsis to be tested for COVID-19

      HEADLINES:

Drug for sepsis to be tested for COVID-19

      WHY IN NEWS:

It will be administered to 50 patients at AIIMS and PGIMER

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Sepsivac, a drug jointly developed by the Ahmedabad-based Cadilla Pharmaceuticals and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), will be tested in 50 COVID-19 patients at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences in Delhi and Bhopal, and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh.

Race for cure: Existing drugs are being used in trials to fight COVID-19.

CAN SUCH DRUG BE USED ON COVID-19 PATIENTS?

IIIM is a CSIR laboratory and was involved in the early development of Sepsivac.

  • Sepsivac was originally developed for treating sepsis by a class of pathogens called gram negative bacteria, that are known to cause life-threatening infections.
  • Given the similarities in the immune-system response in critically ill COVID-19 patients, it is theorised, the therapy could stimulate a benign response.
PRINCIPLE
A large quantity of cytokines, chemicals signalling the presence of an infection, are produced in the early stages of the body’s response against an infection to stimulate the production of antibodies.

CHALLENGES :

  • Cytokines also cause inflammation of organs and can be counter-productive in protecting the body.
  • Keeping them in check is the goal of so called immuno-modulators, or medicines like Sepsivac.
The drug uses the Mycobacterium w (formally known as mycobacterium indicus pranii) as it produces a different immune-system response.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Previous randomised trials in sepsis patients showed 11% absolute reduction and 55.5% relative reduction in mortality.

Sepsivac reduces the days on ventilator, in ICU and hospital and incidence of secondary infection, Cadilla Pharmaceuticals have claimed on their website.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

@CovidIndiaSeva

      HEADLINES:

@CovidIndiaSeva launched

      WHY IN NEWS:

People can pose queries and get answers on Twitter

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan on Tuesday launched the ‘COVID India Seva’, an interactive platform to establish a direct channel of communication during the pandemic.

COVID INDIA SEVA

The initiative is aimed at enabling transparent e-governance delivery in real-time and answering citizen queries swiftly, at scale, especially in crisis situations like the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, an official statement said.
  • People can pose queries @CovidIndiaSeva and get answers in almost real time.
  • The @CovidIndiaSeva works off a dashboard at the backend that helps process large volumes of tweets, converts them into resolvable tickets and assigns them to the relevant authority for real-time resolution, the statement said.
  • Trained experts will share authoritative public health information swiftly at scale, helping to build a direct channel for communication with citizens,” .

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Twitter has proved to be an essential service for both the government and citizens to interact and exchange information, especially in times of need

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

UN: global hunger could double

      HEADLINES:

UN: global hunger could double due to COVID-19

      WHY IN NEWS:

The number of people facing acute food insecurity could nearly double this year to 265 million due to the economic fallout of COVID-19, the United Nations’ World Food Programme (WFP) said on Tuesday.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:UNO

      ISSUE: 

The impact of lost tourism revenues, falling remittances and travel and other restrictions linked to the coronavirus pandemic are expected to leave some 130 million people acutely hungry this year, adding to around 135 million already in that category.

IMPORTANT OBSERVATIONS:

  • “COVID-19 is potentially catastrophic for millions who are already hanging by a thread,”.
  • “We all need to come together to deal with this because if we don’t the cost will be too high,” .

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

It was critical to act quickly in order to prevent people already living hand-to-mouth, such as food vendors in Kenya, from selling their assets as it could take them years to become self-reliant again.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

  Saiyam App

      HEADLINES:

Pune’s mobile App Saiyam tracks Home Quarantined Citizens

      WHY IN NEWS:

In order to effectively track the home-quarantines citizens and ensure they are actually staying in the home, a mobile application named Saiyam has been developed by the Pune Municipal Corporation under Smart Cities Mission (SCM).

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Digital India : App

      ISSUE: 

KEY FEATURES:

  • City administration has taken administrative measures complemented by technology solutions to monitor home quarantined citizens.
  • The city administration has appointed dedicated teams for five zones to conduct a follow-up with people under home quarantine on a daily basis.
  • The teams will check on people who have recently returned from international trips and those discharged after treatment for COVID-19.
  • Accordingly, the teams will seek updates from quarantined people on their health status and details of persons in contact with them.
  • For persons sporting the home quarantine stamp, the teams will check if separate food, bed, utensils, clothes and washrooms are provided to them.

The Mobile Application has GPS tracking so that whenever quarantined citizens leave their homes, City Administration gets alerted and the local ward or the local police station gets informed, who then visit the family.

 

 

These identified citizens are advised to keep the GPS feature on the device always switched-on and the mobile device should be switched-on throughout the 24 hoursduring the quarantine period.

 

An illustration of the dashboard monitoring home quarantined citizens is given below:

Real-time Tracking of the movements of home-quarantined citizens is shown below:

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Citizens’ movements can be monitored centrally real-time from the monitoring cell and are marked as Red, Amber or Green.:

Red signifies that the person has ventured out for longer duration;

Yellow signifies that the person has limited movements and

Green signifies that the person is confined to house limits.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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