IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 14th Oct 2020
Limitations live only in our minds. But if we use our imaginations, our possibilities become limitless.– Jamie Paolinetti
EDITORIAL HUNT #188 :“Why Abraham Accord is most Important Deal of 2020 ? | UPSC”
Why Abraham Accord is most Important Deal of 2020 ? | UPSC
Hamid Ansari is the former Vice President of India, 2007-2017
The Arab World and the elusive two-state solution
The Arab World in a geopolitical sense no longer exists; the PLO leadership may have to think of a one-state solution
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
What is Abraham Accord ? Critically analyse the impact of Abraham Accord in Gulf region. (GS 2)
- Meaning of Abraham Accord
- Arab Nationalism
- The Palestine Issue
- This was the first time any Arab country had normalized relations with Israel since Jordan in 1994.
- THE BYCOTT : Gulf countries had boycotted Israel since its independence in 1948.
- ARABS vs ISRAEL : Arab countries however gradually developed stealthy relations with Israel over the years.
- REVOLT : The State of Palestine quit its role as the chair of Arab League to protest the accords
- ABRAHAMIC : A few weeks ago, someone with evident limitations fulminated against a category of faiths depicted as ‘Abrahamic’.
- SIGNIFICANCE : The global media gleefully proclaimed the newly minted ‘Abraham Accord’ to describe a happening of political significance.
- FOLLOWERS : Followers today account for a little over 55% of the world’s population.
- LINGUISTIC IDENTITY : The followers belong to a group of languages as Semitic — principally Arabic, Hebrew, Amharic and Aramaic.
LANGUAGE AS FULCRUM
- ARAB EMPIRE : Till the end of World War I, most of the Arabic-speaking lands of West Asia and North Africa were ruled directly or indirectly by the Ottoman Empire.
- ARAB NATIONALISM : The point of commonality is the language.The seeds of Arab nationalism were sown in the 19th century.
- RECORDS OF ORIGIN : It was at a secret gathering of certain members of the Syrian Scientific Society that the Arab national movement may be said to have uttered its first cry.
- THE BATTLE CRY : Arise, ye Arabs, and awake! The poem, viewed as seditious by the Ottoman rulers, did much to foster the national movement in its infancy.
- LEAGUE OF ARAB STATES : In 1945 and reportedly on British prompting, the League of Arab States was formed to ‘draw closer the relations between member states and co-ordinate their political activities .
- ROLE OF ARAB LEAGUE : Its aim was of realising a close collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, consider interests of the Arab countries.
- THE REVOLUTION : The critique of mystifications of Arab nationalism was a promise; but the promise of getting light at the end of the tunnel did not bear the expected results.
- UNDP REPORT : This was attributed by a UNDP Human Development Report many years ago to deficits of knowledge, freedom and empowerment of women.
- INFRA-HISTORICAL RHYTHM : Thus, absence of participatory governance and its institutions, disregard for individual freedoms, and the prevalence of one-person rule resulted in autocratic rule.
- THE UPRISING : The Arab Uprising of 2011 showed, deep disagreements prevented the emergence of an Arab order and its impact on ‘Arab unity’.
THE PALESTINE ISSUE
- PALESTINE ISSUE : The one problem on which Arab states professed unity of opinion, but not necessarily of approach, related to Palestine and to the demand for a Palestinian state.
- OSLO ACCORD : After multiple resorts to war and popular uprisings, the tenacity of Israel and its American backers forced the Arab states to accept the Oslo Accords.
- ARAB PEACE INITIATIVE : Finally the Saudi-sponsored 2002 Arab Peace Initiative.
- CHALLENGES FOR ARABS : The perceived threat from Iran, the spread of regional terrorism and the rise of Islamism.
PUBLIC OPINION VS. POLICY
- ARAB OPINION INDEX FOR 2019-2020 : It was published last week concluded that 79% of the respondents felt ‘the Palestinian cause concerns all Arabs and not the Palestinian people alone’.
- A DECADE AGO : This figure in 2012-2013 was 84%. It is thus difficult not to conclude that opinion at the public/respondent level is not in step with official policy orientation on this question.
A WAY OUT
- GEOPOLITICS : So the Arab World in a geopolitical sense no longer exists.
- ESSENCE : It is all about who will retain its focus on linguistic homogeneity and attendant cultural glory !
Hopes are still alive for Palestine that divine justice would eventually be forthcoming as has been with their Abrahamic cousins.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Why Abraham Accord is most Important Deal of 2020 ? | UPSC