Women in Armed Forces | UPSC

Spread the love

IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 3rd September

Hardships often prepare ordinary people for an extraordinary destiny. – C.S. Lewis

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL HUNT #123 :“Women in Armed Forces | UPSC

Women in Armed Forces UPSC

Jasmine Kaur
Women in Armed Forces | UPSC

Jasmine Kaur is Wing Commander (retired), Indian Air Force

      HEADLINES:

Victory in a long battle for equal opportunities

      CENTRAL THEME:

With the grant of permanent commission, women officers of the Indian Army will have clarity on their career paths

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3: Issues related to women and society : Armed Forces

      MAINS QUESTION:

Patriarchal mindset has slowed down the admission of women into Armed Forces . Comment -(GS 1,3)

      LEARNING: 

  • The Verdict
  • Significance of SC Verdict
  • Women Struggle in Armed Forces

      INTRODUCTION: 

This July, the government issued formal sanction offering PC to women officers of the Indian Army.

  • This year shall be remembered as a landmark in Indian military history for years to come.

VERDICT
The Supreme Court of India, on February 17 allowed women to serve as permanently commissioned (PC) officers in 10 combat support arms and services of the Indian Army.

  • The Supreme Court also directed the central Government to rescind the embargo on command appointments for women officers.
  • This is the culmination of a struggle for equal opportunity that began almost 27 years ago when the Army inducted the first batches of women as officers in non-medical corps .

      BODY: 

CULMINATION OF A STRUGGLE

  • ORTHODOX MINDSETS : The judgment iconic not only because it allowed equal opportunities but also addressed the issue of regressive mindsets.
  • IMPLEMENTATION : The onus of implementing this change rests with the leadership, but the direction has been shown.

COMMISSIONING : The Indian armed forces began inducting women in the non-medical branches in the year 1992, as short service commission (SSC) officers.

  • TENURE : The scheme initially allowed for a five-year service period, which was revised to 14 years.
  • SELECTION : In the armed forces, both men and women opt for the Short Service Commission.

However, upon completion of 14 years of service, male officers could get a permanent commission.

  • JEOPARDY : Women officers who had put in the same number of years of service, were denied this privilege.
  • FIRST GRANT : The Indian Air Force was first among the three services to grant PC to SSC women officers.
  • SPECULATIONS : The Indian Army chose to appeal in the Supreme Court, citing reasons of peculiar service conditions and operational requirements.

The Supreme Court also issued a directive to ensure that women are not restricted to staff duties.

  • DEPLOYMENT : Approximately 30% of women officers in the Indian Army are deployed in combat zones performing similar duties like other officers.
  • EXCLUSION : The policy issued in 2019 was discriminatory to exclude them from command positions.

IMPLICATIONS OF JUDGMENT

  • STABILITY : Women officers will now be entitled to serving till the age of retirement and not forced to look for alternative careers after 14 years.
  • CLARITY : This will provide clarity on their career paths an equal footing with men for promotions, professional growth, and provide job security.
  • KEY POSTS : Despite forming a relatively minuscule 3.29% of the total strength of the Indian Army, women serve in key operational positions.

The Indian Air Force has almost 13% women in the officer cadre.

  • COMMAND ROLES : Now, women officers can be considered for command roles, career postings with many other opportunities too.

WHAT DOES PERMANENT COMMISSION MEAN

  • A grant of PC will accrue many other employee benefits.

In service career courses at :

  • The National Defence College,
  • College of Defence Management,
  • The Army War College, etc
  • The Defence Services Staff College
  • Options in higher studies .

Also,

  • Pension.
  • Ex-servicemen status and consequent benefits to name a few.
  • In addition, allowing a motivated set of experienced women officers will mitigate the shortage of officers.

WARFARE IS CHANGING

  • GENDER ABILITY : Given the evolving nature of warfare supported by technology, many of us do not consider this a question of gender ability but of performance, opportunity, and a fighting chance.
  • QUESTION OF MERIT : Each of these questions merits separate discussions, determined by the maturity and mindset of the system.
  • CONSERVATIVE APPROACH : Countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States have been conservative about women in their respective combat arms.
  • INTEGRATED APPROACH : While others like the Israeli Defense Forces have achieved widespread integration of women.

      IASbhai Windup: 

EXISTING POLICY

  • SSC CADRE : The terms of employment of short service commission are subject to change and conversions into PC are based on force requirements.
  • POSSIBILITIES AHEAD : It is possible that based on cadre forecast, an SSC officer may not ever get a chance of converting to PC if there are no vacancies.

It must be noted that for women, the SSC is the only inroad into the armed forces (except the Medical Corps).

  • NO PROVISIONS : There is no provision for women to choose defence as a long-term career right at the outset as a PC officer.
  • LEVEL PLAYING FIELD : When parity of allowing entry of women as permanent cadre is attained, it would truly be a level-playing field in terms of equal opportunity and career advancement.

Is the patriarchal mindset in India the only hurdle in allowing the entry of women into combat arms? Let us debate again..

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Women in Armed Forces | UPSC

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.